Chanchal Kumar  Sharma Author of Evaluating Organization Development
FEATURED AUTHOR

Chanchal Kumar Sharma

Professor
Department of Political Science, Central University of Haryana

Dr. Chanchal Kumar Sharma is Professor of Political Science at the Central University of Haryana, India and an Associate at the GIGA Institute of Asian Studies, Hamburg, Germany (since July 2017).

Subjects: Political Science

Areas of Research / Professional Expertise

    Political Science, Public Administration, Federalism, Political Economy, party System, India

Books

Featured Title
 Featured Title - Understanding Contemporary Indian Federalism - 1st Edition book cover

Articles

Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Oxford University Press

Partisan Federalism and Subnational Governments’ International Engagements: Insights from India


Published: Jun 25, 2020 by Publius: The Journal of Federalism, Oxford University Press
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma, Sandra Destradi, Johannes Plagemann
Subjects: Political Science

An analysis of 1,153 episodes of international engagements of India’s states from 1996 to 2017 reveals that shifts in foreign policy engagement of selected state governments primarily reflect alterations in the subnational incumbents’ political affiliation with the Union government.

Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, Oxford University Press

Fiscal Federalism


Published: Apr 11, 2020 by Max Planck Encyclopedia of Comparative Constitutional Law, Oxford University Press
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma and Alice Valdesalici
Subjects: Political Science

The term ‘fiscal federalism’ does not appear in any constitutional document. However, the concept is a keystone of federal studies (→ federalism) because it addresses the perceptions, negotiations, compromises, and give-and-take that make it possible for any federal system to function

International Political Science Review, SAGE

Economic governance: Does it make or break a dominant party equilibrium? The case of India


Published: Aug 08, 2019 by International Political Science Review, SAGE
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma and Wilfried Swenden
Subjects: Political Science

Based on a quantitative analysis of elections in India between 1972 and 2014, we test the significance of ‘economic governance’ for the continuance and fall of one-party dominance.

Regional and Federal Studies, Routledge

India after the 2014 general elections: BJP dominance and the crisis of the third party system


Published: May 14, 2019 by Regional and Federal Studies, Routledge
Authors: Arjan H. Schakel, Chanchal Kumar Sharma & Wilfried Swenden
Subjects: Political Science

By comparing the post-2014 Indian party system with key electoral features of the first three party systems, we conclude that the rise of the BJP has thrown the third-party system into crisis, but does not yet define the consolidation of a new party system

Regional and Federal Studies

Comparing Fiscal Federalism


Published: Apr 14, 2019 by Regional and Federal Studies
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma
Subjects: Political Science

BOOK Review: Comparing fiscal federalism, edited by Alice Valdesalici (Eurac Research, Bolzano, Italy) and Francesco Palermo (University of Verona, Italy and Eurac Research, Bolzano, Italy), Leiden; Boston: Brill | Martinus Nijhoff, 6 March 2018, EUR: 235 / List price US$: 265, ISBN: 978-90-04-34093-0

Indian Politics & Policy, Westphalia Press, USA

Modi-fying Indian Federalism? Center-State Relations Under Modi's Tenure as Prime Minister


Published: Jan 01, 2018 by Indian Politics & Policy, Westphalia Press, USA
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma, Wilfried Swenden

For the first time since 1984, the 2014 general elections handed a majority in the Lok Sabha to a single party. This article provides a critical assessment of what the victory of the Bharatiya Janata Party has meant for the dynamics of center–state relations in India.

India Review, Routledge

Continuity and change in contemporary Indian federalism


Published: Oct 03, 2017 by India Review, Routledge
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma and Wilfried Swenden

What has been the contribution of Indian style federalism to stabilizing and consolidating its developing and multi-ethnic democracy? How is the delicate balance between centralization and state autonomy being reconfigured?

India Review, Routledge

A situational theory of pork-barrel politics


Published: Oct 03, 2017 by India Review, Routledge
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma

Situational Theory of PB Politics "Incentives for exclusive targeting of affiliated states in one-party dominant systems drive national ruling parties toward particularism while the shrinking opportunity to indulge in such a policy in multiparty coalition systems creates a universalization effect."

Asia-Pacific Social Science Review

Reimagining Federalism in India


Published: Jan 12, 2015 by Asia-Pacific Social Science Review
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma

This paper argues that in response to contemporary challenges, the federal governance structure in India requires fine-tuning. A directional shift is required from a cooperative model to a collaborative model of federal governance.

Public Administration, Wiley Blackwell

Beyond Gaps and Imbalances


Published: Dec 03, 2012 by Public Administration, Wiley Blackwell
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma
Subjects: Economics, Finance, Business & Industry

How do we know whether a country suffers from vertical fiscal imbalance (VFI)? What should be done about it? Academic appreciation of these issues in general, and the nature of political behaviour in particular, both have major implications for the way federations are fiscally structured. While the latter clearly is a problem of political negotiations, our focus is on the former, that is, conceptual clarity, which precedes meaningful negotiations.

India Review, Routledge

A Discursive Dominance Theory of Economic Reform Sustainability


Published: Nov 05, 2011 by India Review, Routledge
Authors: Chanchal Kumar Sharma
Subjects: Economics, Finance, Business & Industry

Economic liberalization can be initiated in response to a crisis and consequent conditionalities; it can also be initiated by a convinced executive with or without the stimulus of a crisis. However, the question is what determines its sustainability or reversal after it has been implemented?

News

International Munich Federalism Days 2019

By: Chanchal Kumar Sharma
Subjects: Political Science, Politics & International Relations

Professor Chanchal Kumar Sharma held a workshop on Fiscal Federalism, as subject expert, during International Munich Federalism Days, 11-15 November 2019.  The participants included parliamentarians, professionals and practitioners from more than 20 countries.

The event was organised jointly by Hanns Seidel Foundation and eurac research. 

Q&A with Chanchal Kumar Sharma

By: Chanchal Kumar Sharma
Subjects: Political Science, Politics & International Relations

Q&A with Chanchal Kumar Sharma

https://blogs.eurac.edu/eureka/qa-chanchal-kumar-sharma/

Chanchal Kumar Sharma India EUreka! Eurac research blogs

Image: Petra Malfertheiner, Francesca Azzarita & Martina Trettel

How would you describe the relationship between India and the European Union? And (how) should it be strengthened?

Currently, the European Union is India’s most important trading partner, while New Delhi is the ninth trading partner for the EU. Thus, relations between India and the EU focus primarily on trade and investment, but the relationship is also based on shared values of democracy, multi-level governance, and a multi-polar and rule-based global order. Although India prefers partnerships with individual countries such as France, Germany and the UK much more than its relationship with the EU, there is a largely-untapped potential for bilateral cooperation between the two largest democracies in several domains, such as economic policy, trade, and investment as well as the coordination of foreign policy, crisis management, conflict prevention, peacekeeping, cyber-security, counter-terrorism and military-to-military cooperation.

Yet the partnership has remained static without any structural impact on the India-EU relationship. Although the thirteenth EU-India summit recently made a serious attempt to overcome the decision-making paralysis in India-EU ties by addressing the issues related to investment, trade, climate, energy, migration, water, foreign policy and security, much more needs to be done. To infuse dynamism into this static collaboration it is necessary to expand the political foreign policy engagements in general, and enhance intellectual and cultural exchanges.

The EU can expect a more realistic engagement with India by promoting people-to-people contacts and deepening the political, educational (intellectual) and cultural dimension of the relationship. In addition, the potential for cooperation in international and regional organisations should be tapped in order to realize shared objectives, such as establishing a multi-polar Asia, rules-based global order, countering radicalization, and ensuring international peace and security .

What idea do Indians have of the EU?

Although many in India lack a detailed understanding of the European Union and its institutions and functions, the European Union is perceived as an economic power; even if this perception has taken a hit since the “Eurozone debt crisis of 2009” became common knowledge, thanks to intensive media coverage of the crisis. The elite in business, politics and civil society are aware of the EU as a strategic partner in areas such as security and peace, a source of foreign investment, and a trading partner. However, the overall perception has become somewhat apprehensive. Until recently, Indians believed that addressing India’s concerns was low on the European Union’s list of priorities. India demanded less protectionism by the EU as it was perceived as unfair competition for Indian products, and sought greater access to the EU market for its services sector and demanded ‘’data secure status’’. However, since 2016 the EU has appeared more willing to address India’s concerns and has accepted its regional role by mentioning SAARC and Afghanistan in its statements and endorsing India’s stand on Nepal’s new constitution and the Maldives’ political situation. Overall, while the EU is considered a better partner than China, some of the individual EU member states are considered better partners for bilateral relations than the EU as a whole. In the larger sphere, the US is perceived as a more promising international actor than the EU.

Are EU elections getting any attention in India?

 Indian media is not giving significant coverage to the EU elections, although EU-related issues that touch on Indian interests get some coverage in the economic and business newspapers, because the EU is essentially seen as a trading partner. Any attention to the EU elections is limited to academia and experts who take an interest in international politics.

Why should EU citizens vote for the EU Parliament?

 The EU parliament takes many important decisions that have an impact not just on nations, but also on the citizens of those nations. In recent years, Europe has suffered many crises, such as the economic and the migration crises, and now it faces Eurosceptic movements. This has led to the realization that the common problems of the continent can be solved only by applying the principles of unity and cooperation. So, EU citizens should vote to strengthen the legitimacy of the EU, reinforce its transnational dimension and ensure it works for them. This will set in motion a virtuous circle by motivating leaders to develop the European agenda and to demonstrate the relevance of the EU to Europeans, which in turn will motivate people to participate even more vigorously. This circle can ultimately move European voters from mere participation to real empowerment as they can expect to impact policy decisions that respond to Europe’s challenges and build a better Europe.

How might the upcoming elections change the EU landscape?

 The EU is going through a change in its political landscape which makes this an interesting topic to analyze. The rise of nationalism and populism in Europe is constantly being met with those who see open borders, migration, and diversity as the key to progress triggering a continent-wide debate about Europe’s future and its priorities.

I perceive that there is going to be a shift in the political dynamics of the EU, especially when you consider the increasing relevance of far-right and Eurosceptic parties in the EU political landscape. Currently, the far right is present in 17 national parliaments of the EU, in eight of the ten largest economies of the bloc. They have emerged as new populist and Eurosceptic parties in the wake of the debt and refugee crises. The rise of the right could also be a defining moment for EU politics. In fact, the resurgence of right-wing politics, using on fears about migrants and terrorism to mobilize voters, can potentially undermine the idea of the European system and strike at the very foundations of the European Union. However, as long as the Eurosceptics fail to form a unified front (more likely given their opportunism), a stronger right-wing presence could make the EU decision-making process more deliberative and even more democratic. In fact, the paradox of the rise of nationalism and populism in Europe is that it has triggered an opening for debate on Europe’s future and its priorities.