BiographyYvonne Friedman grew up in Norway and arrived at Kibbutz Ein ha-Naziv in Israel when she was 12 years old. She studied general history and Hebrew literature at Bar-Ilan University. She also wrote her PhD at Bar-Ilan University; her dissertation topic was Peter the Venerable. Her study of medieval ransom and captivity, Encounters between Enemies: Ransom and Captivity in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem (Brill, 2002) examined this topic from an interdisciplinary perspective. In recent years, her research focus has been on Muslim-Christian peace processes in the Latin East, but also on broader questions of interreligious contacts and peace.
Areas of Research / Professional Expertise
Ransom and captivity in the medieval Latin East, medieval peace processes, pilgrimage--medieval and modern, women in crusader society, antisemitism, Jews in medieval society
Archaeology, medieval history and studies, modern Israeli literature
Published: Feb 01, 2015 by Common Knowledge
Authors: Yvonne Friedman
Crusaders and Muslims alike applied a doctrine of holy war to their medieval conflict. Although so ideological a stance would seem to preclude peacemaking efforts, some 120 treaties were signed between the parties to the conflict during the two-century Latin presence in the Holy Land. Explored here is how each party overcame this incongruity between ideology and praxis and sought a “small peace,” which is temporary and practical, rather than “great peace,” which is a final settlement.