I am a 1970 graduate of the University of California, Berkeley, and an MA in political science from UCLA and the PhD from Howard. My research over the last forty years has focused on the incorporation of African Americans into the political system, including studies on racism and its relationship to conservatism, public opinion, African American leadership, the election and presidency of Barack Obama and polarization and the presidency. I have authored more than fifty articles, eleven books, and the Encyclopedia of African American Politics. Since 1980, I have been General Editor of State University of New York African American Studies Series.
BA, University California, Berkeley
Ph.D., Howard University, Washington, DC
Areas of Research / Professional Expertise
African American Politics,
Reading, walking, music.