1st Edition

miRNAomics and stress management in plants

    200 Pages 23 Color Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Plants, being sessile, are negatively affected by the biotic and abiotic (environmental) stresses, reducing plant growth, productivity, and quality to a larger extent. Plant have evolved different physiological, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms to combat these stress conditions to maintain their growth, development, and productivity. Understanding the mechanisms involved in the plant response to stress conditions is the foremost step in the development of stress-tolerant plants. One of the important adaptations to stress conditions is the precise and fine regulation of gene expression in both time and space. Although gene regulation occurs at different levels through different mechanisms, the most crucial being at the level of transcription. One of the important post-transcriptional gene regulatory mechanisms used by the plants to restore and maintain cellular homeostasis during the stress conditions are microRNAs.

    microRNAs, a group of approximately 22-nucleotide-long, non-coding RNAs, have recently been identified as a new class of regulators governing gene expression at the post-transcriptional level. MiRNAs can silence genes either by guiding the degradation of the target mRNAs or by repressing the mRNA translation. Plant miRNAs have been demonstrated to regulate many genes involved in various developmental processes, e.g., auxin signaling, organ polarity/radial patterning, developmental transitions, and secondary metabolism regulation. Moreover, increasing shreds of evidence indicates the role of plant miRNA-guided gene regulation in response to biotic and abiotic stresses. High-throughput sequencing approaches have significantly elucidated the identification and functional characterization of numerous miRNAs in plants. Understanding the role and mechanism of action of miRNAs during abiotic and biotic stresses can potentially offer new approaches to improve plant growth and productivity. 

    This unique book covers the different aspects of plant microRNAomics including the discovery, biogenesis, role in different stress conditions, and applications of microRNAs in developing stress-tolerant plants. Chapters cover the updated knowledge in the field of plant microRNA research. The book, miRNAomics and stress management in plants, intends to demonstrate the breadth of research and the significant advances that have been made in understanding the role of miRNAs in the plant development and stress management.

    This comprehensive volume pertains to plant physiologists, plant biochemists, geneticists, molecular biologists, agronomists, environmental researchers, and graduate and undergraduate students of plant science.

    Chapter 1 Introduction to Plant miRNAs     

    Nasir Aziz Wagay, Shah Rafiq, Amanullah Khan, Abdul Hadi, Aabida Ishrath, Peerzada Yasir Yousuf, Peerzada Arshid Shabir


    Chapter 2 Plant miRNAs: Biogenesis, Mode of Action, and their Role.           

    Bipin Maurya, Lakee Sharma, Nidhi Rai, Vishnu Mishra, Ashish Kumar, Shashi Pandey Rai


    Chapter 3 miRNAs And Plant Development           

    Shah Rafiq, Nasir Aziz Wagay, Abdul Hadi, Aabida Ishrath, Zahoor Ahmad Kaloo


    Chapter 4 Dynamic Function of miRNAs in Sensing and Signaling Nutrient Stress in Plants        

    Samina Mazahar, Yasheshwar and Shahid Umar


    Chapter 5 Salt Stress-Responsive Plant miRNAs    

    Sajad Hussain Shah, Shaistul Islam, Zubair Ahmed Parrey, Firoz Mohammad


    Chapter 6 Heavy Metal-Regulated miRNAs

    Zubair Ahmad Parrey, Shaistul Islam, Sajad Hussain Shah, Firoz Mohammad


    Chapter 7 Tolerance to Radiation Stress in Plants with Reference to microRNAs    

    Sumira Malika, Shilpa Prasada, Rahul Kumara, Shristi Kishore, Nitesh Singh


    Chapter 8 miRNAs and Plant-Pathogen Interactions          

    Bipin Maurya, Vishnu Mishra, Shashi Pandey Rai


    Chapter 9 Plant Response to Bacterial Infections: miRNAomics Approach

    Sumira Malik, Shristi Kishore, Nitesh Singh, Rahul Kumar


    Chapter 10 miRNAs: A novel TARGET for Improving Stress Tolerance in Plants using Transgenics          

    C. Deepika, S. R. Venkatachalam, A. Yuvaraja And P. Arutchenthil


    Chapter 11 Engineering Stress Tolerance in Plants using miRNAomics Approach: Challenges and Future Perspectives         

    Mubeen Fatima, Safdar Hussain, Sidqua Zafar, Noureen Zahra


    Dr. Peerzada Yasir Yousuf earned his B.Sc. from the University of Kashmir in 2008 and M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in Botany from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi in 2010 and 2016 respectively. He worked in Molecular Ecology Lab. as a Senior Research Fellow in the Department of Botany Jamia Hamdard New Delhi. He taught environmental science as guest faculty in Jamia Hamdard in different faculties like the Faculty of Unani Medicine, Faculty of Information Technology, etc.

    Dr. Peerzada Arshid Shabir received his Ph.D. in the field of Plant Reproductive Ecology and Genetic Diversity and is presently working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Higher Education, Jammu and Kashmir, India. He is actively engaged in the teaching of Plant reproductive Ecology, Plant Physiology, Cell and Molecular Biology, and Genetic Engineering of Plants. He has published many research papers, review articles, and book chapters in reputed international journals.

    Khalid Rehman Hakeem, is Professor at King Abdul-Aziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. After completing his doctorate (Botany; specialization in Plant Eco-physiology and Molecular Biology) from Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India, he worked as a lecturer at the University of Kashmir, Srinagar, India, for a short period. Later, he joined Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia, and worked there as a Post-doctorate Fellow and Fellow Researcher (Associate Professor) for several years. Dr. Hakeem has more than 10 years of teaching and research experience in plant eco-physiology, biotechnology and molecular biology, medicinal plant research, plant-microbe-soil interactions, as well as in environmental studies.