Schema Therapy

Distinctive Features

By Eshkol Rafaeli, David P. Bernstein, Jeffrey Young

© 2010 – Routledge

184 pages | 1 B/W Illus.

Purchasing Options:
Paperback: 9780415462990
pub: 2010-09-03
US Dollars$20.95
Hardback: 9780415462983
pub: 2010-09-07
US Dollars$120.00

e–Inspection Copy

About the Book

Schema Therapy combines proven cognitive behavioral therapy techniques with elements of interpersonal, experiential, and psychodynamic therapies in order to help people with long-term mental health problems including personality disorders and chronic depression. Schema Therapy suggests that many negative cognitive conditions are based on past experiences, and therefore provides models for challenging and modifying negative thoughts and behaviors in order to provoke change.

In this book, Eshkol Rafaeli, David P. Bernstein and Jeffrey Young – pioneers of the Schema Therapy approach – indicate the 30 distinctive features of Schema Therapy, and how the method fits into the broader CBT spectrum.

Divided into two parts, Theoretical Points and Practical Points, this book provides a concise introduction for those new to the technique, as well as a discussion of how it differs from the other cognitive behavioral therapies for those experienced in the field.


"This book provides an excellent overview of schema therapy and covers all the key areas of new development in schema therapy with authority and brevity." - George Lockwood, Director, Schema Therapy Institute Midwest, USA

Table of Contents

Part I: Theoretical Points. Universal Core Emotional Needs. Early Maladaptive Schema Development as a Consequence of Unmet Needs. A Taxonomy of Early Maladaptive Schemas. Coping Styles and Responses. Coping Styles: Surrender Responses. Coping Styles: Avoidance Responses. Coping Styles: Overcompensation Responses. Schema Modes as States (The State vs. Trait Distinction). The Wounded Core: Vulnerable Child Mode. Angry and Impulsive Child Modes. Maladaptive Coping Modes. Internalized Parental Modes. Healthy Modes: Healthy Adult, Contented Child. Limited Reparenting. Empathic Confrontation. Part II: Practical Points. The Assessment Process: Focused Life History Interview, Schema Inventories, and Self-monitoring. The Assessment Process: Guided Imagery. The Assessment Process: In-session Behaviours and the Therapy Relationship. Educating the Patient About the Schema and Mode Models, and Using the Schema Case Conceptualization Form. Toolbox 1: Relational Techniques. Toolbox 2: Cognitive Techniques. Toolbox 3: Emotion-focused Techniques. Toolbox 4: Behavioral Pattern Breaking. Mode Dialogues and Imagery. Specific Points for Working with Borderline Personality Disorder. Specific Points for Working with Narcissistic Personality Disorder and Antisocial Personality Disorder. Specific Points for Working with Couples. Interplay Between Schema Therapy for Axis II and CBT for Axis I. The Therapeutic Relationship: Limited Reparenting. Therapists’ Own Schemas.

About the Authors

Eshkol Rafaeli is a Clinical Psychologist specializing in both cognitive behavioral therapy and Schema Therapy and is Associate Professor at Bar-Ilan University.

David P. Bernstein is a Clinical Psychologist and a Cognitive and Schema Therapist, an is Associate Professor in the Faculty of Psychology at Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

Jeffrey Young is the Founder and Director of the Cognitive Therapy Centers of New York and Connecticut, and the Schema Therapy Institute in New York City.

About the Series

CBT Distinctive Features

This exciting new series asks leading practitioners and theorists of the main CBT therapies to write simply and briefly on what constitutes the main features of their particular approach.

Each Distinctive Features book will highlight the thirty main features – practical and theoretical – of its respective approach. The series as a whole will be essential reading for psychotherapists, counsellors, clinical and counselling psychologists of all orientations who wish to learn more about the range of new and developing cognitive-behavioural approaches.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PSYCHOLOGY / Psychotherapy / Counseling