Moral Psychology

A Contemporary Introduction

By Valerie Tiberius

© 2014 – Routledge

242 pages

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Paperback: 9780415529693
pub: 2014-06-25
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About the Book

This is the first philosophy textbook in moral psychology, introducing students to a range of philosophical topics and debates such as: What is moral motivation? Do reasons for action always depend on desires? Is emotion or reason at the heart of moral judgment? Under what conditions are people morally responsible? Are there self-interested reasons for people to be moral? Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction presents research by philosophers and psychologists on these topics, and addresses the overarching question of how empirical research is (or is not) relevant to philosophical inquiry.

Reviews

"The best imaginable introduction to moral psychology. Unrivaled in clarity and scope, Tiberius offers a seamless and stimulating integration of cutting edge empirical research and foundational philosophical theories."

—Jesse Prinz, City University of New York Graduate Center

"Valerie Tiberius’s book is an instant classic—the definitive introductory textbook on philosophical moral psychology. It is wide-ranging and authoritative, synthesizing an enormous amount of information, both scientific and philosophical. It’s also a lot of fun. With her trademark wit and levelheadedness, Tiberius introduces readers to moral philosophy’s most challenging problems and explains how recent scientific discoveries are casting these old problems in a new light. This book is beautifully written, filled with colorful examples that convey Tiberius’ hard-won insights. Each of these chapters is fascinating in its own right, and together they tell a remarkable story that is just beginning. It’s hard to imagine a better introduction to this exciting and rapidly advancing field."

—Joshua Greene, Harvard University

"This is the only text of which I'm aware—the very first one—on moral psychology. It addresses issues at the intersection of agency and normativity. It is a lively, well-written, thoughtful book that is perfect for upper-division undergraduate courses. It is also a good book to bring graduate students and even scholars up to speed on the issues in this area. Highly recommended."

—John Martin Fischer, University of California, Riverside

"Several recent volumes offer collections of readings in the exciting interdisciplinary field of moral psychology, and lots more courses now cover the difficult questions arising at the intersection of philosophy (meta-ethics, moral theory, action theory) and psychology (and other mind sciences). But until now, there has been no text to introduce students to these questions or to guide them through these readings. Valerie Tiberius is an intelligent, clear, and engaging guide. In Moral Psychology: A Contemporary Introduction, she covers a wide range of topics, including moral motivation, virtue, well-being and responsibility, and she manages both to present competing views fairly and to take a stand on which views she favors. Students will learn a great deal from this book. I certainly did."

—Eddy Nahmias, Georgia State University

Table of Contents

Preface

Part One: Moral Psychology and Moral Philosophy

  1. What Is Moral Psychology?
    • What is moral psychology?
    • Distinguishing the questions
    • Distinguishing psychological states
    • Structure and aims of the book:

  2. What Are Philosophers Doing Here?
    • Moral Agents or Blobs of Flesh
    • Moral Realism and the Challenge from Evolution
    • Responses to the Challenge
    • Moral Psychology and Moral Philosophy

    Part Two: Motivation and Moral Motivation: The Basics

  3. Moral Motivation: what it is and what it isn’t
    • Moral Theories and Moral Motivation
    • The Challenge of Psychological Egoism
    • Psychological Egoism and Empirical Research
    • Taking Stock

  4. Desires and Reasons
    • Some Background Distinctions
    • Reasons internalism and externalism
    • The Humean Theory of Motivation
    • Taking Stock

    Part Three: Moral Motivation

  5. Emotion & Moral Judgment
    • What is an emotion?
    • Emotions and Moral Judgment
    • Amoralists, Psychopaths and the Debate Between Moral Judgment Internalism and Externalism
    • Taking Stock

  6. Sentimentalism and Rationalism:
    • Rationalism and Sophisticated Sentimentalism
    • The Kantian Challenge to Sophisticated Sentimentalism
    • The Empirical Threat to Rationalism
    • Taking Stock

  7. Virtue
    • What kind of state is a virtue?
    • Are there any virtues?: The empirical challenge
    • Defending Virtue
    • Taking Stock

    Part Four: Agency and Moral Responsibility

  8. The Psychology of the Responsible Agent
    • Methodology
    • Real Self Theories
    • Normative Competence
    • Are we Competent?: Challenges from Psychology

  9. Moral Responsibility, Free Will and Determinism
    • Free Will and Determinism
    • Intuitions and Experimental Philosophy
    • Libertarianism and the Challenge from Neuroscience
    • Can I Be Excused?

    Part Five: Three Big Questions

  10. Should I be moral?: Well-being and the good life
    • Prudential Reasons and ‘Good For’
    • Theories of Well-Being
    • Psychological Evidence for the Well-being – Morality Link
    • Conclusion

  11. How do we know what is morally right?: Moral psychology and moral knowledge
    • The Attack on Intuitions: Biases and Trolley-ology
    • Intuitions, Intuitionism and Reflective Equilibrium

  12. Can you get an ought from an is?
    • Is and Ought: A Complex Relationship
    • Reducing Ought to Is

  13. Final Thoughts

 

About the Author

Valerie Tiberius is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Minnesota

About the Series

Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy

An innovative, well structured series, the Routledge Contemporary Introductions to Philosophy are designed for students who already have completed an introductory-level course in philosophy.  Each book introduces a core general subject in contemporary philosophy and offers students an accessible but substantial transition from introductory to higher-level college work in that subject.  The series is accessible to non-specialists and each book clearly motivates and expounds the problems and positions introduced.  An orientating chapter briefly introduces its topic and reminds readers of any crucial material they need to have retained from a typical introductory course.  Considerable attention is given to explaining central philosophical problems of a subject and the main competing solutions and arguments for those solutions.  The primary aim is to educate students in the main problems, positions and arguments of contemporary philosophy rather than to convince students of a single position.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHI000000
PHILOSOPHY / General
PHI005000
PHILOSOPHY / Ethics & Moral Philosophy