A global industry and an important tool for economic development, international tourism is facing an increasingly uncertain future. Global environmental change, including climate change; increasing fuel prices; and growing criticism from environmental and social interest groups are posing substantial challenges to the belief that international tourism can be sustainable at current rates and patterns of growth. This book therefore aims to answer the questions of if and how tourism can be a sustainable industry. The book concludes that sustainable tourism is possible but that it requires fundamental shifts in operations, systems and philosophies. The various contributions identify a number of means by which this can be accomplished but stress that sustainable tourism still has a long way to travel before it can reach its destination.
1. Sustainable Tourism Futures: Perspectives on Systems, Restructuring and Innovations Part 1: Theoretical Foundations: Re-thinking the Tourism System 2. 30 Years of Sustainable Tourism: Drivers, Progress, Problems – and the Future3. Reflections on Sustainable Tourism and Paradigm ChangePart 2: Restructuring the Tourism System: Practical Examples 4. Inaction More than Action: Barriers to the Implementation of Sustainable Tourism Policies 5. Transport and Tourism in Scotland: A Case Study of Scenario Planning at VisitScotland6. Tourism and Climate Change Mitigation: Which Data is Needed for What Use? 7. Theory and Practice of Environmental Management and Monitoring in Hotel Chains 8. Sustainable Ski Resort Principles: An Uphill Journey 9. Piloting a Carbon Emissions Audit for an International Arts Festival Under Tight Resource Constraints: Methods, Issues and Results 10. Voluntary Carbon Offsets; a Contribution to Sustainable Tourism?Part 3: Innovation: Sustainable Tourism Futures 11.The Implementation of Sustainable Tourism: A Project Based Perspective12. Carbon Labelling and Restructuring Travel Systems: Involving Travel Agencies in Climate Change Mitigation 13. Moving Towards Low-Carbon Tourism: New Opportunities for Destinations and Tour Operators14. Sustainable Transportation Guidelines for Nature-Based Tour Operators 15. Tourism Firm Innovation and Sustainability 16. Synthesis and Conclusions