The enclosed papers are the culmination of a project Dr. John Crank and Dr. Colleen Kadleck carried out assessing issues facing the police into the early 21st century. The papers are future oriented, in the sense that they anticipate trends visible today. Everywhere, the contributing scholars found that the organizational concept, practice, and function of the police were undergoing transition. Yet, the seeming state-level hardening of the police function was ubiquitous. Two themes were noteworthy. On the one hand, in developing or ‘second world’ countries, police face endemic problems of corruption, organized crime, and drugs. Police, in response, are undergoing centralization and intensification of law enforcement activities. In countries with first world economies – Canada, the United States, and Australia – contributors discovered trends toward expansion of the police function, a trend described by Brodeur as toward 'high policing'. It reflects the growing reliance on surveillance for crime control and for the tracking of minority, indigenous, and immigrant populations in crime prevention efforts. The results suggest that governments, sometimes encouraged by their citizenry, seem increasingly to rely on the police to deal with a broad array of social as well as criminal problems.
This book was originally published as a special issue of Police Practice and Research.
1. From the Editor-in-Chief Dilip K. Das
2. Remarks by the Guest Editors John Crank and Colleen Kadleck
3. The challenges to developing democratic policing in post-Soviet societies: the Russian experience Adrian Beck and Annette Robertson
4. Venezuela: the shifting organizational framework for the police Christopher Birkbeck
5. Canadian crime control in the new millennium: the influence of neo-conservative US policies and practices Walter S. DeKeseredy
6. Afghanistan at a crossroads: the quest for democratic policing in a post-9/11 era Connie M. Koski
7. Reforming La Policía: looking to the future of policing in Mexico Anthony P. LaRose and Sean A. Maddan
8. The futures of policing African states Otwin Marenin
9. Policing in an era of uncertainty Janet Ransley and Lorraine Mazerolle
10. Trends in police research: a cross-sectional analysis of the 2006 literature Brad Bartholomew, Jennifer Gibbs, David Mazeika, Eileen Ahlin, Patricia Joseph and Noah Miller
11. The USA: the next big thing John P. Crank, Colleen Kadleck and Connie M. Koski
12. International Police Executive Symposium
Police Practice and Research is a series of books based on special issues of the pioneering peer-reviewed journal Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, which presents current and innovative police research as well as operational and administrative practices from around the world. It seeks to bridge the gap in knowledge that exists regarding who the police are, what they do, and how they maintain order, administer laws, and serve their communities. The journal is published in association with the International Police Executive Symposium (IPES), which brings police researchers and practitioners together to facilitate cross-cultural, international and interdisciplinary exchanges for the enrichment of the policing profession.