Seismic Performance of Concrete Buildings

Structures and Infrastructures Book Series, Vol. 9

By Liviu Crainic, Mihai Munteanu

© 2013 – CRC Press

260 pages

Purchasing Options:
Hardback: 9780415631860
pub: 2012-12-09
US Dollars$167.95
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e–Inspection Copy

About the Book

This book examines and presents essential aspects of the behavior, analysis, design and detailing of reinforced concrete buildings subjected to strong seismic activity. Seismic design is an extremely complex problem that has seen spectacular development in the last decades. The present volume tries to show how the principles and methods of earthquake engineering can be applied to seismic analysis and design of reinforced concrete buildings.

The book starts with an up-to-date presentation of fundamental aspects of reinforced concrete behavior quantified through constitutive laws for monotonic and hysteretic loading. Basic concepts of post-elastic analysis like plastic hinge, plastic length, fiber models, and stable and unstable hysteretic behaviour are, accordingly, defined and commented upon. For a deeper understanding of seismic design philosophy and of static and dynamic post-elastic analysis, seismic behavior of different types of reinforced concrete structures (frames, walls) is examined in detail. Next, up-to-date methods for analysis and design are presented. The powerful concept of structural system is defined and systematically used to explain the response to seismic activity, as well as the procedures for analysis and detailing of common building structures. Several case studies are presented. The book is not code-oriented. The structural design codes are subject to constant reevaluation and updating. Rather than presenting code provisions, this book offers a coherent system of notions, concepts and methods, which facilitate understanding and application of any design code.

The content of this book is based mainly on the authors’ personal experience which is a combination of their teaching and research activity as well as their work in the private sector as structural designers. The work will serve to help students and researchers, as well as structural designers to better understand the fundamental aspects of behavior and analysis of reinforced concrete structures and accordingly to gain knowledge that will ensure a sound design of buildings.

Table of Contents

Editorial

About the Book Series Editor

Preface

Notations

About the Authors

Chapter 1 Introduction

1.1 General

1.2 Behavior Peculiarities

1.3 Structural Modeling

1.4 Design Codes

1.5 Content of the Book

Conclusions

Chapter 2 Constitutive Laws

2.1 General Considerations

2.2 Constitutive Laws for Reinforced Concrete Components

2.3 Constitutive Laws for Reinforced Concrete Sections

2.4 Constitutive Laws for Reinforced Concrete Members

Numerical Examples

Conclusions

Chapter 3 Behavior and Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures under Static Loads

3.1 Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Structures under Monotonic Loads

3.2 Methods for Static Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures

3.3 Post-Elastic Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures through Adjustment of Elastic Moments

Numerical Examples

Conclusions

Chapter 4 Seismic Analysis and Design Methods for Reinforced Concrete Structures

4.1 General Considerations

4.2 Seismic Action

4.3 Seismic Design Philosophy

4.4 Specific Requirements for Structures Subjected to High Intensity Seismic Actions

4.5 Analysis and Design Based on Equivalent Seismic Force

4.6 Post-Elastic Static (Pushover) Analysis to Seismic Actions

4.7 Dynamic Post-Elastic Analysis of Single-Degree-of-Freedom Systems. Inelastic Spectra

4.8 Dynamic Post-Elastic Analysis of Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Systems

4.9 Performance-Based Design

Conclusions

Chapter 5 Structural Systems for Multistory Buildings

5.1 Definitions

5.2 Types of Superstructures

5.3 Structures with Controlled Seismic Response

5.4 Infrastructure

Conclusions

Chapter 6 Reinforced Concrete Frame Systems

6.1 General Considerations

6.2 Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Frames

6.3 Analysis of Frame Structures

6.4 Seismic Design of Frame Structures

6.5 Capacity Design Method

6.6 Drift Control of Frames Subjected to Seismic Actions

6.7 Local Ductility of Frame Components

6.8 Beam-Column Joints

6.9 Interaction Frames/Masonry Infill

6.10 Infrastructures and Foundations

6.11 Case Study

Conclusions

Chapter 7 Structural Wall Systems

7.1 General

7.2 Types of Structural Walls

7.3 Behavior of Wall Systems

7.4 Conceptual Design of Structural Wall Systems

7.5 Analysis of Wall Systems

7.6 Simplified Analysis of Wall System

7.7 Design and Detailing of Cantilever Wall

7.8 Coupled Wall Design and Detailing

7.9 Diaphragms

7.10 Infrastructures and Foundations

7.11 Case Study

Conclusions

Chapter 8 Dual Systems

8.1 General Considerations

8.2 Behavior of Dual Systems

8.3 Conceptual Design of Dual Systems

8.4 Analysis, Design and Detailing of Dual Systems

8.5 Infrastructures and Foundations

8.6 Case Studies

Conclusions

Chapter 9 Observations on the Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Buildings during Earthquakes

9.1 Buildings’ Behavior

9.2 Seismic Behavior of Frame Components

9.3 Structural Walls

9.4 Diaphragms

Conclusions

Chapter 10 Concluding Remarks and Recommendations

References

Subject index

Structures and Infrastructures Series

About the Authors

Liviu Crainic is Professor of Reinforced Concrete Structures at the Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest-Romania. He has authored several books on structural dynamics and (reinforced) concrete and is the author of several papers published in professional journals and of numerous reports presented to professional meetings. In addition to his academic experience, his non-academic experience includes structural design work with direct contribution to the design of numerous reinforced concrete structures (multistory buildings, industrial buildings, water towers, tanks, silos) and to assessment and the redesigning of earthquake-damaged reinforced concrete structures.

Mihai Munteanu is Associate Professor of Reinforced Concrete Structures Department at the Technical University of Civil Engineering Bucharest-Romania. He has a strong background in structural design, and has amassed more than 25 years of experience in the field of Structural Design Projects, Certified Checking and Technical Expert Review, in creating computer programs for the structural analysis of reinforced concrete sections and parts of structures. Last but not least, he has more than 25 years’ experience educating and counseling new generations of structural engineers.

About the Series

Structures and Infrastructures

Book Series Editor: Prof. Dan M. Frangopol, Lehigh University, PA, USA

Our knowledge to model, analyze, design, maintain, manage and predict the life-cycle performance of structures and infrastructures is continually growing. However, the complexity of these systems continues to increase and an integrated approach is necessary to understand the effect of technological, environmental, economical, social and political interactions on the life-cycle performance of engineering structures and infrastructures. In order to accomplish this, methods have to be developed to systematically analyze structure and infrastructure systems, and models have to be formulated for evaluating and comparing the risks and benefits associated with various alternatives. We must maximize the life-cycle benefits of these systems to serve the needs of our society by selecting the best balance of the safety, economy and sustainability requirements despite imperfect information and knowledge.

In recognition of the need for such methods and models, the aim of this book series is to present research, developments, and applications written by experts on the most advanced technologies for analyzing, predicting and optimizing the performance of structures and infrastructures such as buildings, bridges, dams, underground construction, offshore platforms, pipelines, naval vessels, ocean structures, nuclear power plants, and also airplanes, aerospace and automotive structures.

The scope of this book series covers the entire spectrum of structures and infrastructures. Thus it includes, but is not restricted to, mathematical modeling, computer and experimental methods, practical applications in the areas of assessment and evaluation, construction and design for durability, decision making, deterioration modeling and aging, failure analysis, field testing, structural health monitoring, financial planning, inspection and diagnostics, life-cycle analysis and prediction, loads, maintenance strategies, management systems, nondestructive testing, optimization of maintenance and management, specifications and codes, structural safety and reliability, system analysis, time-dependent performance, rehabilitation, repair, replacement, reliability and risk management, service life prediction, strengthening and whole life costing.

This book series is intended researchers, practitioners, and students world-wide with a background in civil, aerospace, mechanical, marine and automotive engineering, as well as people working in infrastructure maintenance, monitoring, management and cost analysis of structures and infrastructures. Some volumes are monographs defining the current state of the art and/or practice in the field, and some are textbooks to be used in undergraduate (mostly seniors), graduate and postgraduate courses. This book series is affiliated to Structure and Infrastructure Engineering (Taylor & Francis, http://www.informaworld.com/sie ), an international peer-reviewed journal which is included in the Science Citation Index.
If you like to contribute to this series as an author or editor, please contact the Series Editor (dan.frangopol@lehigh.edu) or the Publisher (pub.nl@tandf.co.uk). A book proposal form can be downloaded at www.balkema.nl.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009120
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / Earthquake
TEC063000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Structural