© 2013 – Routledge
226 pages | 5 B/W Illus.
Moving away from criminal behaviour can be fraught with difficulties. Often it can involve leaving behind old habits, customs, and even friends, while at the same time adopting a new way of life. How do individuals go about making a decision to give up crime? How do they plan to sustain this decision? And in what ways does probation help? This book explores these questions.
Based on in-depth interviews with a group of men under probation supervision, Sam King investigates the factors associated with making a decision to desist from crime. The book examines strategies for desistance, and explores the factors that individuals consider when they are thinking about how they will desist. In doing so, the book sheds new light on existing understandings of desistance from crime and helps to develop our understandings of the role that individuals play in constructing their own desistance journeys. This book also highlights the role of probation in this process, offering a timely and critical review of the nature of probation under the New Labour government in the UK between 1997-2010.
The findings indicate that we should allow Probation Officers greater autonomy and discretion within their roles, and that we should free them from the bureaucracy of risk assessment and targets. Moreover, the book warns against the potential fragmentation of community supervision. As such, the book will be of interest to criminology students, researchers, academics, policymakers and practitioners, particularly those who work with ex-offenders in the community.
"It's a cliché to describe books as 'timely'. In this case, however, it could not be more true. Sam King's theoretically informed and meticulously researched analysis of whether and how probation supervision can support the early stages of desistance from crime will be a vitally important resource, not just for researchers and policymakers, but also for those charged with commissioning and providing probation services - not just in the strange new landscape of criminal justice in England and Wales, but also much further afield."
Fergus McNeill, Professor of Criminology & Social Work, University of Glasgow.
"Sam King makes an invaluable contribution to our understanding of the attitudes and opportunities that lead offenders to stop offending. His reliable and scholarly summary of current research is enlivened with many vivid quotations from his own interviews with people struggling to get out – and stay out - of crime. This engaging and readable book offers many perceptive insights into the contribution that probation officers could make to support the process of change."
Professor Rob Canton, De Montfort University.
"Sam King’s research monograph is aptly situated in Routledge’s formidable collection of books in their International Series on Desistance and Rehabilitation. King’s research, based on in-depth interviews with 20 men on probation and their supervising officers, reveals the processes which led towards a decision to attempt to desist; the strategies that individuals considered; the obstacles that individuals believed they would encounter and how they intended to overcome these and the role of human agency in this phase… Desistance Transitions and the Impact of Probation makes an important contribution"
Beth Weaver, University of Strathclyde
1. Introduction 2. Reoffending and the response from probation 3. Persistence, desistance and the transitional phase 4. Agency, narratives and social contexts 5. Obtaining accounts of probation 6. First steps - the transition to desistance 7. Strategies for desistance 8. Enabling or constraining desistance? 9. Active agents and social contexts 10. Concluding thoughts.
In recent years there has been a dramatic growth in the attention given to the end of the criminal career. Prior to the 1980s, research on why people stopped offending and the processes associated with ‘leaving crime behind’ was a small and embryonic field of research. The literature on reform following a period of offending was patchy and did not constitute in any way, shape or form a body of knowledge which could be considered as ‘key’ to the criminological enterprise. This situation has now changed. The study of desistance in particular has now become an important aspect of the criminological enterprise with several UK and European research studies now focussing on this topic. Further afield (in the US and Australia for example, but certainly not limited to these
countries) there are also a number of scholars who are exploring desistance (and by association rehabilitation and reform) and the processes by which these occur amongst particular communities and for key groups of offenders. This is domain of research is therefore fertile ground for the production of a series of monographs.