A typical image of the making and administration of policy suggests that it takes place on an incremental basis, involving public servants, their ministers and, to a more limited extent, a variety of interest groups. Yet, much policy making is based on similar policy developed in other jurisdictions and in the major international organizations such as the WTO and the OECD. In other words, significant aspects of nationally developed policies are copied from elsewhere in what is described as a process of policy transfer and learning.
Hence, studies of policy transfer have pointed to a distinct limitation in most existing theoretical and empirical explanations as to how policy is made and implemented through their neglect of the role of policy transfer and learning. Moreover, policy transfer is not only a concern of academics, but a growing concern for governments. The latter are concerned to improve the performance of their policy and several have placed a greater, more systematic focus on policy transfer as a means to increasing performance.
This book presents a variety of cases from differing national and international contexts that enable a valuable, comparative analysis that is absent from most literature currently available and that suggest a number of exciting research directions with implications for policy making, transference and implementation in the future.
Introduction (Peter Carroll and Richard Common) Part I: Degrees of Transfer and Their Determinants 1. When Policy Diffusion does not lead to Policy Transfer: Explaining Resistance to International Learning in Public Management Reform (Richard Common) 2. Policy Transfer and Local Government Performance Improvement Regimes (Sandra Nutley, James Downe, Steve Martin and Clive Grace) 3. Low Impact Development - The Transfer that was Not?: How the Federal Relationship in the Area of Environmental Protection Facilitates Innovation but Mitigates against Transfer (David P. Dolowitz) 4. Policy Transfer in New Democracies: Challenges for Public Administration (Riin Kruusenberg and Tiina Randma-Liiv) 5. Why can’t you Lead a Horse to Water and make it Drink?: The Learning Oriented Transfer of Health Sector Decentralization Reforms and Bureaucratic Interests in Malawi (Richard I.C. Tambulasi) Part II: New Developments in Transfer and Learning 6. Sources of Transfer: The Case of Accession to International Organizations (Peter Carroll) 7. Borrowing from the Neighbours: Policy Transfer to Tackle Climate Change in the Australian Federation (Robyn Hollander) 8. "These are the People You Need to Talk to": The Role of Non-State Organizations in International Policy Transfer to Ireland’s Official Languages Act (2003) (Clare Rigg, Muiris Ó Laoire and Vasiliki Georgiou) 9. Contested Policy Transfer: When Chile's 'Programa de Mejoramiento de la Gestión' Travelled to Mexico (Mauricio Dussauge-Laguna) Conclusions (Peter Carroll and Richard Common)
The study and practice of public management has undergone profound changes across the world. Over the last quarter century, we have seen
In reality these trends have not so much replaced each other as elided or co-existed together – the public policy process has not gone away as a legitimate topic of study, intra-organizational management continues to be essential to the efficient provision of public services, whist the governance of inter-organizational and inter-sectoral relationships is now essential to the effective provision of these services.
This series is dedicated to presenting and critiquing this important body of theory and empirical study. It will publish books that both explore and evaluate the emergent and developing nature of public administration, management and governance (in theory and practice) and examine the relationship with and contribution to the over-arching disciplines of management and organizational sociology. Books in the series will be of interest to academics and researchers in this field, students undertaking advanced studies, and reflective policy makers and practitioners.