How do text, performance, and rhetoric simultaneously reflect and challenge notions of distinct community and religious identities? This volume examines evidence of shared idioms of sanctity within a larger framework of religious nationalism, literary productions, and communalism in South Asia. Contributors to this volume are particularly interested in how alternative forms of belonging and religious imaginations in South Asia are articulated in the light of normative, authoritative, and exclusive claims upon the representation of identities. Building upon new and extensive historiographical and ethnographical data, the book challenges clear-cut categorizations of group identity and points to the complex historical and contemporary relationships between different groups, organizations, in part by investigating the discursive formations that are often subsumed under binary distinctions of dominant/subaltern, Hindu/Muslim or orthodox/heterodox. In this respect, the book offers a theoretical contribution beyond South Asia Studies by highlighting a need for a new interdisciplinary effort in rethinking notions of identity, ethnicity, and religion.
Introduction: Towards an Integrative Hermeneutics in the Study of Identity Kelly Pemberton & Michael Nijhawan Part I: Landscapes of Translation: Linguistics, History, and Culture in Focus Chapter 1: A House Overturned: A Classical Urdu Lament in Braj Bhasha Amy Bard & Valerie Ritter Chapter 2: The Politics of Non-Duality: Unravelling the Hermeneutics of Modern Sikh Theology Arvind Mandair Chapter 3: Who are the Vellalas? 20th Century Constructions and Contestations of Tamil Identity in Maraimalai Adigal (1876-1950) Srilata Raman Chapter 4: Can a Muslim be an Indian and not a Traitor or Terrorist? Huma Dar Chapter 5: Variants of Cultural Nationalism in Pakistan: a Reading of Faiz Ahmad Faiz, Jamil Jalibi, and Fahmida Riaz Amina Yaqin Part II: Landscapes of Ritual Performance: Ritual, Agency, and Memory in Focus Chapter 6: Ambivalent Encounters: The Making of Dhadi as a Sikh Performative Practice Michael Nijhawan Chapter 7: Ritual, Reform, and Economies of Meaning at a South Asian Sufi Shrine Kelly Pemberton Chapter 8: Gendered Ritual and the Shaping of Shi`ah Identity Diane D’Souza Chapter 9: History, Memory, and Other Matters of Life and Death Christian Lee Novetzke