© 2012 – CRC Press
203 pages | 25 B/W Illus.
Fungal Cell Wall: Structure, Synthesis, and Assembly, Second Edition is a compendium of information on the chemical structure, synthesis, and organization of the cell wall of fungi. Reviewing the past 20 years of research in the field, it discusses experimental evidence that demonstrates the role of the cell wall in the growth, development, morphogenesis, and evolution of fungi.
Synthesizes 20 Years of Important Research on Fungal Cell Walls
More than just a revision, this second edition offers a fresh perspective on what is currently known about the fungal cell wall. It covers recent developments, conflicting theories, and important aspects that are largely forgotten—including critical analysis of the prevalent idea that cell walls from all fungal species have the same basic structure, organization, and behavior as the most popular models of study.
Chapters are self-contained and can be read independently, allowing readers to delve into specific topics. The book begins by examining the chemical composition and structure of the fungal cell wall, an area almost closed to modern research. It then describes the structure and synthesis of the most important components of the cell wall and analyzes the mechanisms of cell wall expansion and growth. Throughout, the book identifies the basic concepts that have led to modern ideas about cell walls.
The Essential Guide to the Fungal Cell Wall
A critical review of fungal cell wall research, this book helps readers understand the role of fungi in nature—both positive and negative—from their symbiotic associations and biotechnological applications to their pathogenicity to plants, animals, and humans.
Cell wall composition
Cell wall composition
Differentiation of the cell wall chemical composition
Structure of the fungal cell wallMethods for the study of cell wall structure
Organization of the cell wall
The cell wall surface
Microfibrilar structure of the cell wall
Associations of the components of the cell wall
Mechanical characteristics of the fungal cell wall
ChitinStructure of chitin
Chitin distribution in nature
Inhibitors of chitin synthases
Cytology of chitin biosynthesis
General characteristics and distribution of chitosan
The functions of chitosan
Chitosan biosynthesis and genetic control and phylogenetic relationships of chitin deacetylases
Structure of glucans
Role of fungal glucans
Synthesis of glucans
Other glycosyl transferases involved in the synthesis of β-glucans
Synthesis of β-1,6-glucans
Synthesis of α-1,3-glucans
Chemical structure of glycoproteins
Different classes of covalently bound glycoproteins
Biosynthesis of glycoproteins
Synthesis of GPI-proteins
Nonclassical protein secretion
Cytological aspects of cell wall synthesis
Synthesis of secretory and membrane-bound proteins
Translocation of proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum
The importance of protein glycosylation in translocation
Transfer of proteins along the endomembrane system
The secretion mechanism in filamentous fungi
Vesicles and chitosomes in fungal cell wall growth
Cell wall growth and expansionExpansion of the cell wall
Polarization of cell wall synthesis and apical growth
Chapters include an Introduction and References.