© 2013 – Routledge
The eighteen papers collected in this volume - fifteen of which are published in English for the first time - explore the transformations of religious practices between the third and the fifth centuries in the Western part of the Roman Empire. They share an approach that privileges the study of processes and interactions and does not take for granted the categories and roles traditionally ascribed to social actors. A first group of papers focuses on the sermons and letters of Augustine of Hippo. These texts are precious evidence for balancing the clerical perspective that characterizes most of our sources and can thus shed a different light on the problem of Christianization. The second group collects papers that propose to shift attention from the construction of heresies to that of orthodoxy through the case-study of the controversy of Augustine against Pelagius and Julian of Eclanum. A last group present studies that look at the complex relation between burial and religion, with a particular focus on the role played by the church in the organization of the burial of Christians in Late Antiquity.
Contents: Foreword; Part I Pastoral Care and Conversion in the Age of Augustine: The ’conversion’ of the Empire according to Peter Brown; Interaction between the preacher and his audience: the case-study of Augustine’s preaching on death; Preaching in a local context: Augustine on the fear of death; Catechumens and the delay of baptism in the preaching of Augustine; Augustine and the cult of statues; The Christian mob and the destruction of pagan statues: the case of North Africa in the age of Augustine; Augustine and the epistolary rituals of the social and cultural elite of his time: a processual analysis of the relations between bishop and city in late Antiquity; ’To live with the heathen, but not die with them’: the issue of commensality between Christians and non-Christians in the first five centuries; The sacred and Christian identity in the time of Augustine. Part II The Construction of Orthodoxy and the Pelagian Controversy: Deviance theory and orthodoxy: the case of the Pelagian controversy on grace; A new style of argument in Christian polemic: Augustine and the use of patristic citations; Dogma populare: popular belief in the controversy between Augustine and Julian of Eclanum; Quasi funambuli: Cassian and the Pelagian controversy on perfection. Part III The Care of the Dead in Late Antiquity: Church and burial in late antiquity (Latin Christianity, 3rd to 6th centuries CE); Koimhthrion and coemeterium: tomb, martyr tomb, necropolis; Were the Carthaginian areae Christian cemeteries or burial enclosures for Christians?; The Church of Rome and the development of the catacombs: on the origin of Christian cemeteries; The burial of the poor in the Roman Empire and its evolution in late Antiquity; Index.
The first title in the Variorum Collected Studies Series was published in 1970. Since then well over 700 titles have appeared in the series, and it has established a well-earned international reputation for the publication of key research across a whole range of subjects within the fields of history.
The history of the medieval world remains central to the series, with Byzantine studies a particular speciality, but the range of titles extends from Hellenistic philosophy and the history of the Roman empire and early Christianity, through the Renaissance and Reformation, up to the 20th century. The well-established coverage of Islamic studies is joined by a growing list in Asian history and in areas relating to the 'European expansion'. Another major strand is the history of science, technology and medicine. In addition the list includes many titles dealing with the histories of philosophy, law, and art and architecture, while most recently the series has expanded with great success into the history of music.
Each title in the Variorum Collected Studies Series brings together for the first time a selection of articles by a leading authority on a particular subject. These studies are reprinted from a vast range of learned journals, festschrifts, conference proceedings, and the like. They make available research that is scattered, even inaccessible in all but the largest and most specialized libraries. With a new introduction and index, and often with new notes and previously unpublished material, they constitute an essential resource. All volumes are printed on acid-free paper.