The course of events since the implementation of NAFTA has had unexpected elements with significant impacts on North American integration. First has been the rise of China as a larger source of imports and production partner than Mexico. Second has been the rise of security concerns since September 11, 2001. The result has been much stronger integration between Canada and the US than with Mexico. Migration issues are now linked with security, which has risen to a top priority in the international agenda. While liberalization has furnished strong economic incentives for integration, it has not provided a sufficient guide for the political process, which requires leadership and appropriate institutions to coordinate and regulate the special interest groups. A coherent and effective North American integration would be a valuable asset in the context of global integration and competition, yet the issues involved are quite complex and varied.
North American Integration: An Institutional Void in Migration, Security and Developmentexamines the current state of North American integration. Editors Gaspare M. Genna and David A. Mayer-Foulkes gather an international group of experts to give a broad, coherent picture of the current, multifaceted process of integration, and find that institutional development is an essential component. Divided into three sections, the book:
- Discuss the determinants of integration and shows that the institutional characteristics of the three countries, including democracy and basic rights, are the most important.
- Provides examples of institutional building in contexts for which institutions are lacking, specifically labor, migration and health issues.
- Examines issues such as overall security arrangements, trade, drug related violence, energy, and the continuing wage gap among the countries, which have an important bearing on integration.
"North American Integrationmakes a compelling point: the growing interaction between Canada, Mexico, and the United States has been beneficial to all three countries, but it is now endangered by an "institutional void." This book is a clarion call to build continental institutions to manage the policy intersection of migration, security, and development and forge a more equitable, secure and prosperous North America.
—Robert A. Pastor, American University, author of The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future
"In this important and timely collection, Gaspare Genna, David Mayer-Foulkes and a dozen leading Canadian, Mexican, and US scholars take stock of two decades of NAFTA. The chapters pose critical questions about the present and future of North America, exposing in new ways NAFTA’s grave institutional and governance flaws. Contributors expertly examine the crucial dimensions of North American integration, from security and border controls to undocumented migration and guest-worker programs. More deeply, they unpack the vexed themes of citizenship and democracy at national and regional levels. This is a must read for experts, practitioners and citizens of NAFTA´s North America."
—Mónica Serrano, El Colegio de México, co-editor of Mexico’s Security Failure
1. Introduction; Gaspare M. Genna and David A. Mayer-Foulkes Part I: Determinants of Integration 2. What Will it Take to Build a North American Community?; Gaspare M. Genna 3. The Mess They Made: How Conservatism Wrecked North America; Julián Castro-Rea 4. Immigration and Institutional Voids: North American Citizenship and Human Rights in Conflict; Emma R. Norman 5. Mexico Labor Cooperation and the NAALC Institutions; Kimberly A. Nolan Garcia 7. Citizenship at the Margins: The Canadian Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program and Civil Society Advocacy; Christina Gabriel and Laura MacDonald 8. Organizing the Mexican Diaspora: Can it Strengthen North American Integration?; Jane Bayes and Laura Gonzales 9. What Does the 2010 Affordable Care Act Mean for Securing Immigrant Health in North America?; Nielan Barnes Part III: Economic and Security Issues in Integration 10. Obstacles to Security Cooperation in North America; Rafael Velazquez and Roberto Dominguez 11. Secure Borders & Uncertain Trade; Coral Snodgrass and Guy Gessner 12. Drug-Related Violence and Forced Migration from Mexico to the United States; Eva Olimpia Arceo-Gómez 13. Wage Differentials, Public Policies, and Mexico-US Migration; Ernesto Aguayo-Téllez, Arun K. Acharya and Crhistian I. Rivera-Mendoza 14. Conclusion; Gaspare M. Genna and David A. Mayer-Foulkes