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100 Years of Superconductivity




ISBN 9781439849460
Published November 11, 2011 by CRC Press
864 Pages 501 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Even a hundred years after its discovery, superconductivity continues to bring us new surprises, from superconducting magnets used in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity presents a comprehensive collection of topics on nearly all the subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the historical developments in superconductivity, the book includes contributions from many pioneers who are responsible for important steps forward in the field.

The text first discusses interesting stories of the discovery and gradual progress of theory and experimentation. Emphasizing key developments in the early 1950s and 1960s, the book looks at how superconductivity started to permeate society and how most of today’s applications are based on the innovations of those years. It also explores the genuine revolution that occurred with the discovery of high temperature superconductors, leading to emerging applications in power storage and fusion reactors.

Superconductivity has become a vast field and this full-color book shows how far it has come in the past 100 years. Along with reviewing significant research and experiments, leading scientists share their insight and experiences working in this exciting and evolving area.

Table of Contents

Early History, Peter H. Kes
The Discovery and Early History of Superconductivity, Rudolf de Bruyn Ouboter, Dirk van Delft, and Peter H. Kes
The Historical Context of Josephson’s Discovery, A.B. Pippard

Theory, Jan Zaanen
Ginzburg–Landau Equations, V.M. Vinokur and T.I. Baturina
The Emergence of BCS, David Pines
Theory of Superconductivity: From Phenomenology to Microscopic Theory, Lev P. Gor'kov
A Modern, but Way Too Short History of the Theory of Superconductivity at a High Temperature, Jan Zaanen
Intrinsic Josephson Effect in Layered Superconductors, L.N. Bulaevskii and A.E. Koshelev
Mixed State Properties, Ernst Helmut Brandt
Thermomagnetic Effects in the Mixed State, R.P. Huebener

Experiments, J. Mannhart
Tunneling and the Josephson Effect, John M. Rowell
The Discovery of Fluxoid Quantization, Dietrich Einzel
The Search for the Pairing Symmetry in the High Temperature Superconductors, Dale J. Van Harlingen
Half-Integer Flux Quantization in Unconventional Superconductors, C.C. Tsuei and J.R. Kirtley
Electric Field Effect Tuning of Superconductivity, Jean-Marc Triscone and Marc Gabay
The Grain Boundary Problem of High-Tc Superconductors, J. Mannhart and D. Dimos
Overview of the Experimental History, Status, and Prospects of HTS, M.R. Beasley
Vortex Matter in Anisotropic Superconductors, Eli Zeldov

Materials, C.W. Chu
Introduction, C.W. Chu
The Route to High Temperature Superconductivity in Transition Metal Oxides, A. Bussmann-Holder and K.A. Müller
Superconductivity above 10 K in Non-Cuprate Oxides, David C. Johnston
Cuprates—Superconductors with a Tc up to 164 K, C.W. Chu
Fe-Pnictides and -Chalcogenides, Hideo Hosono
Superconductivity in MgB2, Takahiro Muranaka and Jun Akimitsu
Fullerenes, Kosmas Prassides and Matthew J. Rosseinsky
Elemental Superconductors, K. Shimizu
Heavy-Fermion Superconductivity, F. Steglich
Ruthenate Superconductor Sr2RuO4, Yoshiteru Maeno
Magnetic Superconductors (and Some Recollections of Professor Bernd T. Matthias), M. Brian Maple

SQUIDS and Detectors, A.I. Braginski
Introduction, John Clarke, Arnold Silver, and A.I. Braginski
History and Device Fundamentals, John Clarke and Arnold Silver
High-Tc SQUIDs, A.I. Braginski
Geophysical Applications of SQUIDs, C.P. Foley
Application to Nondestructive Evaluation of Materials and Structures, A.I. Braginski
SQUIDs — from Laboratory Devices to Commercial Products, Ronald E. Sager
Electromagnetic and Particle Detection and Readout, John Clarke, Kent Irwin, and Peter Michelson
Concluding Remarks, A.I. Braginski, John Clarke, and Ronald E. Sager

Qubits, J.E. Mooij
Qubits, J.E. Mooij
General Aspects, J.E. Mooij

Digital Electronics, Shinya Hasuo
Introduction, Shinya Hasuo
Operating Principles of Digital Circuits, Theodore Van Duzer
Digital Electronics in Japan, Shinya Hasuo
Digital Electronics in the USA, Fernand (Doc) Bedard
Digital Electronics in Europe, Horst Rogalla
Integrated Circuit Fabrication Process, Mutsuo Hidaka
High-Speed Digital Circuits, Akira Fujimaki
History of Superconductor Analog-to-Digital Converters, Oleg Mukhanov

Microwave Applications, D.E. Oates
Microwave Measurements of Fundamental Properties of Superconductors, D.E. Oates
Applications of Passive Microwave Filters and Devices in Communication and Related Systems, R.B. Hammond, N.O. Fenzi, and B.A. Willemsen
Superconducting Quantum Electronics Enabling Astronomical Observations, T.M. Klapwijk
Microwave Cooling of Superconducting Quantum Systems, W.D. Oliver
Applications of Superconducting Microresonators, Jonas Zmuidzinas

Quantum Metrology, Richard E. Harris and Jürgen Niemeyer
Introduction, Richard E. Harris and Jürgen Niemeyer
Josephson Voltage Standard — The Ultimate Precision, Jaw-Shen S. Tsai and James E. Lukens
The First Josephson Voltage Standards, Thomas J. Witt
First Josephson Junction Array Voltage Standard, Tadashi Endo
How the DC Array Standards Were Developed, Jürgen Niemeyer
Making the Josephson Voltage Standard Practical, Clark A. Hamilton
Programmable Josephson Voltage Standards: from DC to AC, Johannes Kohlmann
Quantum-Based Voltage Waveform Synthesis, Samuel P. Benz
Superconductivity and the SI (Metric) System Based on Fundamental Constants, Edwin Williams and Ian Robinson

Medical Applications, Harold Weinstock
Introduction, Harold Weinstock
Medical Applications of Magnetoencephalography, Cosimo Del Gratta, Stefania Della Penna, Vittorio Pizzella, and Gian-Luca Romani
MCG Instrumentation and Applications, Riccardo Fenici, Donatella Brisinda, Anna Rita Sorbo, and Angela Venuti
MRI Instrumentation and Applications, Jim Bray and Kathleen Amm
Ultralow Field NMR and MRI, John Clarke
Superconductivity in Medical Accelerators for Cancer Therapy, Peter A. Zavodszky

Wires and Tapes, David Larbalestier
The Long Road to High Current Density Superconducting Conductors, David Larbalestier
Nb-Ti — from Beginnings to Perfection, Peter J. Lee and Bruce Strauss
History of Nb3Sn and Related A15 Wires, Kyoji Tachikawa and Peter J. Lee
Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O HTS Wire, Martin W. Rupich and Eric E. Hellstrom
Coated Conductor: Second Generation HTS Wire, A.P. Malozemoff and Y. Yamada
The MgB2 Conductor Story, René Flükiger and Hiroaki Kumakura

Large Scale Applications, Peter Komarek, Bruce Strauss, Steve St. Lorant, Luca Bottura, and Al McInturff
Introduction, Steve St. Lorant
The History of Superconductivity in High Energy Physics, Steve A. Gourlay and Lucio Rossi
Magnet Engineering—Study in Stability and Quench Protection, Luca Bottura and Al McInturff
The History of Fusion Magnet Development, Jean-Luc Duchateau, Peter Komarek, and Bernard Turck
Electric Power Applications of Superconductivity, William Hassenzahl and Osami Tsukamoto
Magnetic Separation, Christopher Rey
Superconducting Induction Heating of Nonferrous Metals, Niklas Magnusson and Larry Masur
Superconducting Magnets for NMR, Gerhard Roth

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Editor(s)

Biography

Horst Rogalla is a professor at the University of Twente and a research professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Peter H. Kes is a professor in the Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory at Leiden University.

Reviews

the book is a retrospective chronicling 100 years of serendipitous discoveries and intellectual triumphs—and technological breakthroughs that Onnes could not have imagined in 1911. … From start to finish, the book includes historical vignettes, provides a comprehensive introduction to the science and technology behind a wide range of applications, and presents authoritative and often personal accounts of specialists in the field. The insights and anecdotes captured in 100 Years of Superconductivity will be a delight to those engaged in the field and a significant resource to historians.
—Richard Kautz, Physics Today, July 2012

"Students entering the field and working scientists who use or want to use the technology will benefit from the many points of view. Specialists may also find this large compendium a useful reference. Historians of science and technology will probably find the volume of permanent value as a snapshot of the field at the century mark. Summing Up: Highly recommended."
— CHOICE Magazine, July 2012