100 Years of Superconductivity: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

100 Years of Superconductivity

1st Edition

Edited by Horst Rogalla, Peter H. Kes

CRC Press

864 pages | 501 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2011-11-11
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Description

Even a hundred years after its discovery, superconductivity continues to bring us new surprises, from superconducting magnets used in MRI to quantum detectors in electronics. 100 Years of Superconductivity presents a comprehensive collection of topics on nearly all the subdisciplines of superconductivity. Tracing the historical developments in superconductivity, the book includes contributions from many pioneers who are responsible for important steps forward in the field.

The text first discusses interesting stories of the discovery and gradual progress of theory and experimentation. Emphasizing key developments in the early 1950s and 1960s, the book looks at how superconductivity started to permeate society and how most of today’s applications are based on the innovations of those years. It also explores the genuine revolution that occurred with the discovery of high temperature superconductors, leading to emerging applications in power storage and fusion reactors.

Superconductivity has become a vast field and this full-color book shows how far it has come in the past 100 years. Along with reviewing significant research and experiments, leading scientists share their insight and experiences working in this exciting and evolving area.

Reviews

the book is a retrospective chronicling 100 years of serendipitous discoveries and intellectual triumphs—and technological breakthroughs that Onnes could not have imagined in 1911. … From start to finish, the book includes historical vignettes, provides a comprehensive introduction to the science and technology behind a wide range of applications, and presents authoritative and often personal accounts of specialists in the field. The insights and anecdotes captured in 100 Years of Superconductivity will be a delight to those engaged in the field and a significant resource to historians.

—Richard Kautz, Physics Today, July 2012

"Students entering the field and working scientists who use or want to use the technology will benefit from the many points of view. Specialists may also find this large compendium a useful reference. Historians of science and technology will probably find the volume of permanent value as a snapshot of the field at the century mark. Summing Up: Highly recommended."

— CHOICE Magazine, July 2012

Table of Contents

Early History, Peter H. Kes

The Discovery and Early History of Superconductivity, Rudolf de Bruyn Ouboter, Dirk van Delft, and Peter H. Kes

The Historical Context of Josephson’s Discovery, A.B. Pippard

Theory, Jan Zaanen

Ginzburg–Landau Equations, V.M. Vinokur and T.I. Baturina

The Emergence of BCS, David Pines

Theory of Superconductivity: From Phenomenology to Microscopic Theory, Lev P. Gor'kov

A Modern, but Way Too Short History of the Theory of Superconductivity at a High Temperature, Jan Zaanen

Intrinsic Josephson Effect in Layered Superconductors, L.N. Bulaevskii and A.E. Koshelev

Mixed State Properties, Ernst Helmut Brandt

Thermomagnetic Effects in the Mixed State, R.P. Huebener

Experiments, J. Mannhart

Tunneling and the Josephson Effect, John M. Rowell

The Discovery of Fluxoid Quantization, Dietrich Einzel

The Search for the Pairing Symmetry in the High Temperature Superconductors, Dale J. Van Harlingen

Half-Integer Flux Quantization in Unconventional Superconductors, C.C. Tsuei and J.R. Kirtley

Electric Field Effect Tuning of Superconductivity, Jean-Marc Triscone and Marc Gabay

The Grain Boundary Problem of High-Tc Superconductors, J. Mannhart and D. Dimos

Overview of the Experimental History, Status, and Prospects of HTS, M.R. Beasley

Vortex Matter in Anisotropic Superconductors, Eli Zeldov

Materials, C.W. Chu

Introduction, C.W. Chu

The Route to High Temperature Superconductivity in Transition Metal Oxides, A. Bussmann-Holder and K.A. Müller

Superconductivity above 10 K in Non-Cuprate Oxides, David C. Johnston

Cuprates—Superconductors with a Tc up to 164 K, C.W. Chu

Fe-Pnictides and -Chalcogenides, Hideo Hosono

Superconductivity in MgB2, Takahiro Muranaka and Jun Akimitsu

Fullerenes, Kosmas Prassides and Matthew J. Rosseinsky

Elemental Superconductors, K. Shimizu

Heavy-Fermion Superconductivity, F. Steglich

Ruthenate Superconductor Sr2RuO4, Yoshiteru Maeno

Magnetic Superconductors (and Some Recollections of Professor Bernd T. Matthias), M. Brian Maple

SQUIDS and Detectors, A.I. Braginski

Introduction, John Clarke, Arnold Silver, and A.I. Braginski

History and Device Fundamentals, John Clarke and Arnold Silver

High-Tc SQUIDs, A.I. Braginski

Geophysical Applications of SQUIDs, C.P. Foley

Application to Nondestructive Evaluation of Materials and Structures, A.I. Braginski

SQUIDs — from Laboratory Devices to Commercial Products, Ronald E. Sager

Electromagnetic and Particle Detection and Readout, John Clarke, Kent Irwin, and Peter Michelson

Concluding Remarks, A.I. Braginski, John Clarke, and Ronald E. Sager

Qubits, J.E. Mooij

Qubits, J.E. Mooij

General Aspects, J.E. Mooij

Digital Electronics, Shinya Hasuo

Introduction, Shinya Hasuo

Operating Principles of Digital Circuits, Theodore Van Duzer

Digital Electronics in Japan, Shinya Hasuo

Digital Electronics in the USA, Fernand (Doc) Bedard

Digital Electronics in Europe, Horst Rogalla

Integrated Circuit Fabrication Process, Mutsuo Hidaka

High-Speed Digital Circuits, Akira Fujimaki

History of Superconductor Analog-to-Digital Converters, Oleg Mukhanov

Microwave Applications, D.E. Oates

Microwave Measurements of Fundamental Properties of Superconductors, D.E. Oates

Applications of Passive Microwave Filters and Devices in Communication and Related Systems, R.B. Hammond, N.O. Fenzi, and B.A. Willemsen

Superconducting Quantum Electronics Enabling Astronomical Observations, T.M. Klapwijk

Microwave Cooling of Superconducting Quantum Systems, W.D. Oliver

Applications of Superconducting Microresonators, Jonas Zmuidzinas

Quantum Metrology, Richard E. Harris and Jürgen Niemeyer

Introduction, Richard E. Harris and Jürgen Niemeyer

Josephson Voltage Standard — The Ultimate Precision, Jaw-Shen S. Tsai and James E. Lukens

The First Josephson Voltage Standards, Thomas J. Witt

First Josephson Junction Array Voltage Standard, Tadashi Endo

How the DC Array Standards Were Developed, Jürgen Niemeyer

Making the Josephson Voltage Standard Practical, Clark A. Hamilton

Programmable Josephson Voltage Standards: from DC to AC, Johannes Kohlmann

Quantum-Based Voltage Waveform Synthesis, Samuel P. Benz

Superconductivity and the SI (Metric) System Based on Fundamental Constants, Edwin Williams and Ian Robinson

Medical Applications, Harold Weinstock

Introduction, Harold Weinstock

Medical Applications of Magnetoencephalography, Cosimo Del Gratta, Stefania Della Penna, Vittorio Pizzella, and Gian-Luca Romani

MCG Instrumentation and Applications, Riccardo Fenici, Donatella Brisinda, Anna Rita Sorbo, and Angela Venuti

MRI Instrumentation and Applications, Jim Bray and Kathleen Amm

Ultralow Field NMR and MRI, John Clarke

Superconductivity in Medical Accelerators for Cancer Therapy, Peter A. Zavodszky

Wires and Tapes, David Larbalestier

The Long Road to High Current Density Superconducting Conductors, David Larbalestier

Nb-Ti — from Beginnings to Perfection, Peter J. Lee and Bruce Strauss

History of Nb3Sn and Related A15 Wires, Kyoji Tachikawa and Peter J. Lee

Bi-Ca-Sr-Cu-O HTS Wire, Martin W. Rupich and Eric E. Hellstrom

Coated Conductor: Second Generation HTS Wire, A.P. Malozemoff and Y. Yamada

The MgB2 Conductor Story, René Flükiger and Hiroaki Kumakura

Large Scale Applications, Peter Komarek, Bruce Strauss, Steve St. Lorant, Luca Bottura, and Al McInturff

Introduction, Steve St. Lorant

The History of Superconductivity in High Energy Physics, Steve A. Gourlay and Lucio Rossi

Magnet Engineering—Study in Stability and Quench Protection, Luca Bottura and Al McInturff

The History of Fusion Magnet Development, Jean-Luc Duchateau, Peter Komarek, and Bernard Turck

Electric Power Applications of Superconductivity, William Hassenzahl and Osami Tsukamoto

Magnetic Separation, Christopher Rey

Superconducting Induction Heating of Nonferrous Metals, Niklas Magnusson and Larry Masur

Superconducting Magnets for NMR, Gerhard Roth

About the Editors

Horst Rogalla is a professor at the University of Twente and a research professor at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Peter H. Kes is a professor in the Kamerlingh Onnes Laboratory at Leiden University.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science