In this volume, the editors aim to offer a timely focus on preschool bilingual education in the 21st century by drawing attention to the following trends: (1) the diversity of language models and their hybrid, dynamic and flexible nature; (2) the complexities of children's linguistic backgrounds; (3) children's, parents' and teachers' agencies in interaction; and (4) early bilingual development and education as contextually embedded. Given the complexity of providing a global and comprehensive view of these trends in just one issue, the selection of studies included here seeks to offer insightful consideration of these trends using a range of qualitative and quantitative methods. The contributors explore the trends in different socio-cultural and national contexts in five countries: Finland, Sweden, the Netherlands, Israel and Singapore.
The book highlights the need on the one hand to examine early bilingual education within specific socio-cultural contexts, and on the other to search for its universal features. It aims to promote the field of preschool bilingual education as a unique research domain by illustrating its distinctiveness. Last but not least, the studies presented here have a significant contribution to make in the light of the growing interest of policy-makers, ethno-linguistic community leaders, practitioners and researchers in early bilingual development and education. This book was originally published as a special issue of International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism.
Table of Contents
Introduction- Twenty-first-century preschool bilingual education: facing advantages and challenges in cross-cultural contexts Mila Schwartz and Åsa Palviainen
1. Two languages in the air: a cross-cultural comparison of preschool teachers’ reflections on their flexible bilingual practices Åsa Palviainen, Ekaterina Protassova, Karita Mård-Miettinen and Mila Schwartz
2. Adult monolingual policy becomes children’s bilingual practice: code-alternation among children and staff in an English-medium preschool in Sweden Sally Boyd and Cajsa Ottesjö
3. The early childhood education and care partnership for bilingualism in minority language schooling: collaboration between bilingual families and pedagogical practitioners Mari Bergroth and Åsa Palviainen
4. ‘Why do we know Hebrew and they do not know Arabic?’ Children’s meta-linguistic talk in bilingual preschool Mila Schwartz and Naomi Gorbatt
5. Nurturing bilingual learners: challenges and concerns in Singapore Xiao Lan Curdt-Christiansen and Baoqi Sun
6. First-language skills of bilingual Turkish immigrant children growing up in a Dutch submersion context Gözde Akoğlu and Kutlay Yağmur
Mila Schwartz is Associate Professor in Language and Education and a Head of Language Program (MA) in Oranim Academic College of Education, Israel. Her research interests include studying language policy and models of early bilingual education; language, cognitive, and socio-cultural development of early sequential bilinguals; family language policy; and bilingual teachers' pedagogical development.
Åsa Palviainen is a full Professor in Swedish at Department of Languages at the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Her research covers a wide range of topics including language policy issues and discourses (especially on the status of Swedish in the Finnish educational system and on bilingualism), discourse analytical and sociolinguistic approaches to early bi- and multilingualism, language policies and practices in early childhood education, family language policy research, and innovative L2 teaching and learning.