This text examines the National Curriculum Physical Education to Key Stage 1 in the light of recent changes. It identifies six basic principles which provide the foundation for the rationale, curriculum content, the teaching and the planning processes required in providing a balanced programme for children aged 3 to 7 years. Special attention is paid to movement education for children of nursery age, providing as it does a sound foundation for later work in the early years. Games, gymnastics, dance and swimming are covered in detail and sample units of work for each group provide students in initial teacher training and teachers with valuable materials for use in schools. The final chapter looks at the role of the curriculum leader or co-ordinator for physical education at Key Stage 1, offering guidance on how to agree and implement a common school policy.