Until 1939 the Maori people remained an almost wholly rural community, but during and after the second world war increasing numbers of them migrated in search of work to the cities, and urban groups of Maori were established. This development has significantly affected relationships, both between Maori and Europeans, and within the Maori people as a whole. The importance of Dr Metge's book lies in its presentation of a carefully documentd comparative study of two Maori communities, one in a traditional rural area and the other in Aukland, New Zealand's largest industrial centre. Housing and domestic organization, marriage patterns, kinship structure, voluntary associations and leadership in both types of community are discussed. The author's survey and conclusions make a valuable practical contribution to Maori social studies, and also have a bearing on the world-wide problem of the urbanisation of cultural minorities.
Table of Contents
Contents 1. MAORI URBANISATION: THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND I I. The Country 2. THE PEOPLE AND THE LAND 23 3. KINSHIP AND DESCENT 46 4. COMMUNITY DIVISIONS, LEADERSHIP AND SOLIDARITY 78 5. MIGRATION 96 II. The City 6. THE DEMOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND 1117. THE LOCAL PEOPLE 118 8. IMMIGRANTS AND CITY-BORN 122 9. HOUSING AND DOMESTIC ORGANISATION 141 10. KINSHIP AND DESCENT 15411. MARRIAGE PATTERNS AND CEREMONIAL 182 12. VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATION 194 13. LEADERSHIP, SOCIAL CONTROL AND COMMUNITY SOLIDARITY 211 III. City and Country 14. URBAN-RURAL RELATIONS 231 15. STABILITY AND CHANGE IN MAORI SOCIETY 251 TABLES 267 GLOSSARY 287 BIBLIOGRAPHY 290 INDEX 293