Contemporary financial markets have been characterized by sociocultural phenomena such as "meme stocks", the Gamestop short squeeze, and "You Only Live Once (YOLO) trading". These are movements led by small-scale retail investors banding together to participate forcefully in financial markets through decentralized but coordinated actions.
This book deploys many different subdisciplines to explore the recent ‘power grabbing’ of retail investors and the online environment that enables them to join the ranks of major financial players, and participate in contemporary capitalism. It offers multiple perspectives on the genesis, role, motivations, power, and future prospects of retail investors as a force in contemporary financial markets. Drawing upon the insights of authors hailing from many different countries, the book frames YOLO capitalism through numerous angles that help to explain the context and the importance of activist retail investors in modern financial markets, and thereby explore the possibilities of a transformed financial future with much wider small-scale participation.
The book assesses the potential of online - and other - communities in enabling global coordination in impacting or even driving financial and crypto markets, and the challenges that come with it and weighs the competing narratives both positive and negative regarding YOLO capitalism. It strikes a balanced assessment of their legal, cultural, behavioural, economic, and political roles in modern finance.
This book will be of interest to a multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary audience of scholars in financial markets, financial regulation, political economy, public administration, macroeconomics, corporate governance, and the philosophy and the sociology of finance.
1. Introduction 2. Public Value Theory and YOLO Capitalism 3. Happier than Ever: The Role of Public Sentiment in Cryptocurrencies, Meme Stocks and NFTs 4. GameStop, WallStreetBets and Capital as Power 5. Speculative Behavior and Expectations in an Economic Turmoil: A Keynesian View 6. Memes as Cultural Artifacts: YOLO Investors, Degeneracy and the Memeified Economy 7. Narrative Economics and YOLO Investors: r/WallStreetBets and the Gamestop Short Squeeze 8. The Behavioural Biases of Cryptocurrency Retail Investors: Lessons from ICOs 9. FOMO in Digital Assets 10. Is A Trader a Trader, No Matter How Small? 11. Social Movements in Contemporary Political Economy: Lessons for YOLO Retail Investors 12. Retail Investors and Anti-System Politics 13. Counter-Hegemonic Finance: The Gamestop Short Squeeze 14. Conclusion