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Advances in Forensic Human Identification




ISBN 9781439825143
Published January 24, 2014 by CRC Press
474 Pages 132 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

As forensic human identification receives increased global attention, practitioners, policy makers, and students need an appropriate resource that describes current methods and modalities that have shaped today’s policies and protocols. A supplemental follow-up to Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction, Advances in Forensic Human Identification covers advances in the most well-known scientific techniques and discusses new and developing subjects and modalities of human identification.

A collection of contributions from worldwide experts, the book embraces a broad context and looks at several issues beyond physical identification of human remains or offenders. The book examines online, sexual, and biometric identities and discusses problems associated with investigative practice, such as the developing use of the Internet as a distribution and communication medium for criminal activities. It also explores miscarriages of justice that can result from flawed applications or interpretations of forensic evidence. Finally, it looks at the future of forensic science in the United Kingdom in light of financial challenges and the closure of the Forensic Science Service. Where appropriate, case studies illustrate the use of techniques and the associated problems described in the text. A supplemental CD includes images in full color.

This volume provides an important contribution to the ongoing practitioner and academic debates surrounding the application of forensic technologies. The insight presented is destined to springboard further inquiry into enhanced techniques and underlies the need for more research into the appropriate use of identification techniques to solve the mysteries of the unknown.

Table of Contents

Identifying the Unknown
Two Sides of the Same Coin: Missing and Unidentified People; Joe Apps, Louise Vesely, Llian Alys, and Teri Blythe
Identification: The Coroner’s Perspective; Michael J.C. Burgess
Identification of Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains in Disaster Victim Identification: Recommendations and Best Practice; Jan Bikker
Child Sex Offender Demographics: Toward an Improved Understanding; Xanthé Mallett and Jann Karp
Identification from Soft and Hard Tissues
Distinguishing Human from Nonhuman Bone;
Diane L. France
Burnt Human Remains Part I: Fire Dynamics
and Body Recovery; Patrick Randolph-Quinney
Burnt Human Remains Part II: Identification and Laboratory Analysis; Patrick Randolph-Quinney
Stable Isotopes and Human Provenancing;
Eric Bartelink, Rachel Berry, and Lesley Chesson
Multidisciplinary Approach toward the Identification of a Human Skull Found 55 km off the Southeast Coast of Ireland; Gerard Kealy, René Gapert, Laureen Buckley, Marie Cassidy, Jonathan
McNulty, Richard Wright, Robin Foyle, Wolfram Meier-Augenstein, Helen Kemp, Caroline Wilkinson, Christopher Rynn,
and Stephen Clifford
Digital and Biometric Evidence
Image Analysis: Forensic Facial Comparison: Issues and Misconceptions; Ray Evans
Developments in Forensic Facial Composites; Chris Solomon and Stuart Gibson
Virtual Anthropology and Virtopsy in Human Identification;
Stephanie L. Davy-Jow and Summer J. Decker
RNA Profiling: A New Tool in Forensic Science; Marielle Vennemann and Antje Huth
Advances in Fingerprint Techniques; Melanie Hargreaves-O’Kane and John Dixon
Legal Issues: An International Perspective
Admissibility of Expert Evidence; Xanthé Mallett
Expert Scientific Evidence in the Investigation and Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse in Adversarial Jurisdictions; Fiona E. Raitt
Child Sex Tourism at the US–Mexico Border; Jim Walters and Patricia H. Davis
Forensic Identification and Miscarriages of Justice in England and Wales; Carole McCartney and Clive Walker
Forensic Science Evidence and Miscarriages of Justice; Donald E. Shelton
Future Considerations and Conclusions
Future of Forensic Science in the United Kingdom; Andrew Rennison
Index

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Editor(s)

Biography

Xanthé Mallett is a lecturer in criminological sociology and forensic science based in Australia. She has worked on a collaborative facial recognition project with the FBI, undertaken casework in the area of child sex abuse, and has coauthored expert witness reports. Her research relates to behavior patterns of sex offenders, and societal, legal, and political responses to cases of child sexual abuse on an international scale. Xanthé has been involved with BAHID (British Association for Human Identification) for many years, fulfilling several roles including serving as student representative, conference convener, and membership secretary. She has also presented and contributed to a number of television series, including History Cold Case, The Decrypters, National Treasures Live, Coast Australia, and Wanted.

Teri Blythe is a specialist in forensic art and human identification with a background in human anatomy and forensic anthropology. She has spent many years working in the field of missing persons, including as head of identification while with the Missing People charity. Her expertise includes forensic artwork such as postmortem facial reconstructions and both child and adult age progressions. Teri has been a council member of BAHID for a number of years.

Rachel Berry is currently undertaking a PhD in biomedical engineering at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. She holds a BSc (hons) in forensic anthropology, an MSc in human identification and has more than five years experience demonstrating gross human anatomy. Her previous research projects include the impact of scavenging on the recovery of human remains, evaluation of the potential of geometric morphometric techniques to identify offenders by the shape of their hand, and human provenancing using stable isotope analysis of hair and bone. Rachel was previously a member of the Council for the British Association for Human Identification.

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