1st Edition

Advances in Forensic Human Identification

Edited By Xanthe Mallett, Teri Blythe, Rachel Berry Copyright 2014
    474 Pages 132 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    As forensic human identification receives increased global attention, practitioners, policy makers, and students need an appropriate resource that describes current methods and modalities that have shaped today’s policies and protocols. A supplemental follow-up to Forensic Human Identification: An Introduction, Advances in Forensic Human Identification covers advances in the most well-known scientific techniques and discusses new and developing subjects and modalities of human identification.

    A collection of contributions from worldwide experts, the book embraces a broad context and looks at several issues beyond physical identification of human remains or offenders. The book examines online, sexual, and biometric identities and discusses problems associated with investigative practice, such as the developing use of the Internet as a distribution and communication medium for criminal activities. It also explores miscarriages of justice that can result from flawed applications or interpretations of forensic evidence. Finally, it looks at the future of forensic science in the United Kingdom in light of financial challenges and the closure of the Forensic Science Service. Where appropriate, case studies illustrate the use of techniques and the associated problems described in the text. The downloadable resources include images in full color.

    This volume provides an important contribution to the ongoing practitioner and academic debates surrounding the application of forensic technologies. The insight presented is destined to springboard further inquiry into enhanced techniques and underlies the need for more research into the appropriate use of identification techniques to solve the mysteries of the unknown.

    Identifying the Unknown
    Two Sides of the Same Coin: Missing and Unidentified People; Joe Apps, Louise Vesely, Llian Alys, and Teri Blythe
    Identification: The Coroner’s Perspective; Michael J.C. Burgess
    Identification of Missing Persons and Unidentified Remains in Disaster Victim Identification: Recommendations and Best Practice; Jan Bikker
    Child Sex Offender Demographics: Toward an Improved Understanding; Xanthé Mallett and Jann Karp
    Identification from Soft and Hard Tissues
    Distinguishing Human from Nonhuman Bone;
    Diane L. France
    Burnt Human Remains Part I: Fire Dynamics
    and Body Recovery; Patrick Randolph-Quinney
    Burnt Human Remains Part II: Identification and Laboratory Analysis; Patrick Randolph-Quinney
    Stable Isotopes and Human Provenancing;
    Eric Bartelink, Rachel Berry, and Lesley Chesson
    Multidisciplinary Approach toward the Identification of a Human Skull Found 55 km off the Southeast Coast of Ireland; Gerard Kealy, René Gapert, Laureen Buckley, Marie Cassidy, Jonathan
    McNulty, Richard Wright, Robin Foyle, Wolfram Meier-Augenstein, Helen Kemp, Caroline Wilkinson, Christopher Rynn,
    and Stephen Clifford
    Digital and Biometric Evidence
    Image Analysis: Forensic Facial Comparison: Issues and Misconceptions; Ray Evans
    Developments in Forensic Facial Composites; Chris Solomon and Stuart Gibson
    Virtual Anthropology and Virtopsy in Human Identification;
    Stephanie L. Davy-Jow and Summer J. Decker
    RNA Profiling: A New Tool in Forensic Science; Marielle Vennemann and Antje Huth
    Advances in Fingerprint Techniques; Melanie Hargreaves-O’Kane and John Dixon
    Legal Issues: An International Perspective
    Admissibility of Expert Evidence; Xanthé Mallett
    Expert Scientific Evidence in the Investigation and Prosecution of Child Sexual Abuse in Adversarial Jurisdictions; Fiona E. Raitt
    Child Sex Tourism at the US–Mexico Border; Jim Walters and Patricia H. Davis
    Forensic Identification and Miscarriages of Justice in England and Wales; Carole McCartney and Clive Walker
    Forensic Science Evidence and Miscarriages of Justice; Donald E. Shelton
    Future Considerations and Conclusions
    Future of Forensic Science in the United Kingdom; Andrew Rennison


    Xanthé Mallett is a lecturer in criminological sociology and forensic science based in Australia. She has worked on a collaborative facial recognition project with the FBI, undertaken casework in the area of child sex abuse, and has coauthored expert witness reports. Her research relates to behavior patterns of sex offenders, and societal, legal, and political responses to cases of child sexual abuse on an international scale. Xanthé has been involved with BAHID (British Association for Human Identification) for many years, fulfilling several roles including serving as student representative, conference convener, and membership secretary. She has also presented and contributed to a number of television series, including History Cold Case, The Decrypters, National Treasures Live, Coast Australia, and Wanted.

    Teri Blythe is a specialist in forensic art and human identification with a background in human anatomy and forensic anthropology. She has spent many years working in the field of missing persons, including as head of identification while with the Missing People charity. Her expertise includes forensic artwork such as postmortem facial reconstructions and both child and adult age progressions. Teri has been a council member of BAHID for a number of years.

    Rachel Berry is currently undertaking a PhD in biomedical engineering at the University of Auckland, New Zealand. She holds a BSc (hons) in forensic anthropology, an MSc in human identification and has more than five years experience demonstrating gross human anatomy. Her previous research projects include the impact of scavenging on the recovery of human remains, evaluation of the potential of geometric morphometric techniques to identify offenders by the shape of their hand, and human provenancing using stable isotope analysis of hair and bone. Rachel was previously a member of the Council for the British Association for Human Identification.