American Globalization, 1492–1850
Trans-Cultural Consumption in Spanish Latin America
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This volume examines the process that saw new foodstuffs and other European, Asian and African commodities introduced, adapted and rejected in the Americas. The authors map the changes that triggered the formation of imagined communities that were ethnically diverse as well as local and regional markets that gradually integrated into the global economy. They explain how these forces produced a landscape rich in contrast and recognize the plurality of actors involved in cultural transfers which saw trade, persuasion and violence closely entwined. As a result, the volume presents a model of the rise of consumerism that is very different from those commonly used to describe the rise of consumerism in Europe. It offers a more nuanced vision of the effects of ecological imperialism that formed the base for the development of unsustainable capitalism still present in Latin American economies today. The introduction of European, Asian and African goods, plants, and animals saw the construction of new ecological systems in the Americas and the creation of patterns of ecological development closely enmeshed with the rise of global capitalism. American Globalization reassesses the history of consumerism and material culture in the New World, including necessary perspectives from the history of ecological globalization.
Table of Contents
Part I: The Political Economy of the Spanish Empire and the introduction of Eurasian Goods in the New World
1. Trans-Imperial, Transnational and Decentralized: The Traffic of African Slaves to Spanish America and Across the Isthmus of Panama, 1508–1651
2. "The Reader’s Information" and "Norte de la Contratación". The Translation and Circulation of Commercial Information Between Seville and London Around 1700
José Manuel Díaz Blanco
3. European Imperialism, War, Strategic Commodities, and Ecological Limits: The Diffusion of Hemp in Spanish South America and Its Ghost Fibers
4. Spanish Women as Agents for a New Material Culture in Colonial Spanish America
Amelia Almorza Hidalgo
Part II: Food and Empire
5. The Introduction of Poultry Farming to the Indigenous People of the New Kingdom of Granada, Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
6. Gifts, Imitation, Violence and Social Change: The Introduction of European Products in the First Decades of the American Conquest
Luis Miguel Córdoba Ochoa
7. Rice Revisited from Colonial Panama: Its Cultivation and Exportation
Bethany Aram and Manuel Enrique García-Falcón
8. In the Kitchen: Slave Agency and African Cuisine in the West Indies
9. Food, Colonialism and the Quantum of Happiness
Part III: America and the Eurasian Products in a Global Perspective
10. Elites, Women and Chinese Porcelain in New Spain and in Andalusia, circa 1600: A Global History
José L. Gasch-Tomás
11. "That in the Reducciones Had Been Noise of Weapons...": The Introduction of Firearms in the Seventeenth-Century Jesuit Missions of Paraguay
12. Transatlantic Markets and the Consumption of Sevillian Art in the Viceroyalty of Peru: The Portobello Fairs in Tierra Firme (Seventeenth Century)
13. From Goods to Commodities in Spanish America: Structural Changes and Ecological Globalization from the Perspective of the European History of Consumption
Bartolomé Yun-Casalilla is currently Full Professor at Pablo de Olavide University (Spain).
Ilaria Berti teaches history of the Americas at Florence University.
Omar Svriz-Wucherer is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Project GECEM (ERC-StG.- 679371) and teaches Early Modern History at Pablo de Olavide University, Spain.