Applications of Chitan and Chitosan: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Applications of Chitan and Chitosan

1st Edition

Edited by Mattheus F. A. Goosen

CRC Press

336 pages

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Description

The main driving force behind the development of new applications for chitin and its derivative chitosan lies with the fact that these polysaccharides represent a renewable source of natural biodegradable polymers. Since chitin is the second most abundant natural polymer, academic as well as industrial scientists are faced with a great challenge to find new and practical applications for this material. This book provides an examination of the state of the art, and discusses new applications as well as potential products. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan deals almost exclusively with applications. Previous books in the field have devoted less than 30% of their material to commercial or medical uses.

In the past thirty years, substantial progress has been made on fundamental and applied research in chitosan technology. One of the driving forces behind this rapid development has been the decrease in the supply of natural resources. At the same time there has been an increased realization that there are abundant alternative bioresources. Two factors-economics and versatility-have also stimulated interest in chitosan's utilization in various fields. Chitin and chitosan derivatives have applications in fields that range from fertilizers to pharmaceuticals. Chitosan is no longer just a waste by-product from the seafood processing industry. This material is now being utilized by industry to solve problems and to improve existing products, as well as to create new ones.

Applications of Chitin and Chitosan is illustrated with over 100 photos, charts, graphs and figures and more than 40 tables.

Applications of Chitin and Chitosan will be of interest to industrial personnel involved in bioprocessing as well as bioengineering students, specialists in the biomedical and biopharmaceutical industry, biochemists, food engineers, environmentalists, and microbiologists and biologists who specialize in chitosan technology. Publication: Fall 1996.

Table of Contents

Part I: Overview

Applications and Properties of Chitosan

Q. Li, E. T. Dunn, E. W. Grandmaison and M. F. A. Goosen, Department of Chemical Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Applications of Chitin and Chitosan in the Ecological and Environmental Fields

Shigehiro Hirano, Department of Agricultural Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan

Part II: Structure and Properties

Chitin Structure and Activity of Chitin-Specific Enzymes

Maria L. Bade, Ph.D., Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

b-Chitin and Reactivity Characteristics

Keisuke Kurita, Department of Industrial Chemistry, Seikei University, Tokyo, Japan

Characterization and Solution Properties of Chitosan and Chitosan Derivatives

M. Rinaudo, M. Milas and J. DesbriŠres, CERMAV-CNRS, Grenoble cedex, France

Soluble Precursors for Efficient Chemical Modifications

Keisuke Kurita, Department of Industrial Chemistry, Seikei University, Tokyo, Japan

Part III: Food and Agriculture

Chitosans as Dietary Food Additives

Riccardo A. A. Muzzarelli, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ancona, Ancona Italy; Massimo De Vincenzi, Department of Metabolism and Pathological Biochemistry, Istituto Superiore de Sanita, Rome, Italy

Enhancing Food Production with Chitosan Seed Coating Technology

Donald Freepons, Kennewick, Washington

Inhibition of Molting in Chewing Insect Pests

Maria L. Bade, Ph.D., Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Properties of Insect Chitin Synthase: Effects of Inhibitors, g-S-GPT and Compounds Influencing Membrane Lipids

Michael Londershausen and Andreas Turberg, Institute for Parasitology, Bayer, AG, Leverkusen, Germany; Monika Ludwig, B"rbel Hirsch and Margarethe Spindler-Barth, Lehrstuhl fur Hormon- und Entwicklungsphysiologie, Heinrich-Heine University, Dusseldorf, Germany

New Applications of Chitin and Its Derivatives in Plant Protection

Henryk Struszczyk, Institute of Chemical Fibres, Lodz, Poland; Henryk Pospieszny, Institute of Plant Protection, Poznan, Poland

Chitinolytic Enzymes in Selected Species of Veterinary Importance

Michael Londershausen and Andreas Turberg, Institute for Parasitology, Bayer, AG, Leverkusen, Germany

Applications of Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Derivatives to Drug Carriers for Microparticulated or Conjugated Drug Delivery Systems

Hiraku Onishi, Ph.D., Tsuniji Nagai, Ph.D. and Yoshiharu Machida, Ph.D., Hoshi University, Tokyo, Japan

Part IV: Medicine and Biotechnology

Chitosan-Alginate Affinity Microcapsules for Isolation of Bovine Serum Albumin

Mattheus F. A. Goosen, Osei-Wusu Achaw and Edward W. Grandmaison, Department of Chemical Engineering, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

Structure and Isolation of Native Animal Chitins

Maria L. Bade, Ph.D., Center for Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

Part V: Textiles and Polymers

Fine Structure and Properties of Filaments Prepared from Chitin Derivatives

G. W. Urbanczyk, Technical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland

Graft Copolymers

Keisuke Kurita, Department of Industrial Chemistry, Seikei University, Tokyo, Japan

Part VI: Wastewater Treatment

Applications of Chitosan for the Elimination of Organochlorine Xenobiotics from Wastewater

J. P. Thome and Ch. Jeuniaux, University of Liege, Laboratory of Animal Ecology and Ecotoxicology, Liege, Belgium; M. Weltrowski, Textile Technology Centre, Quebec, Canada

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science