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2nd Edition

Applied Combustion




ISBN 9781574446401
Published March 9, 2007 by CRC Press
657 Pages - 133 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

The second edition of this practical text offers a broad introduction to the engineering principles of chemical energy conversion. Eugene L. Keating, Ph.D., P.E., a recognized authority within academia, government, and industry, examines combustion science and technology using fundamental principles. Thermochemical engineering data and design formulations of basic performance relationships appear in dual SI and English engineering dimensions and units, helping you save time and avoid conversion errors.

New in the Second Edition

  • Streamlined organization that progressively develops fundamental concepts
  • Extended section on fuel cells
  • New section on the nitrogen-oxygen reaction system
  • Additional coverage of environmental aspects of specific combustion characteristics
  • New chapter on thermal destruction

    Furnishing examples that demonstrate a proper engineering analysis as well as important concepts relevant to the nature of combustion devices, Applied Combustion, Second Edition explores the ideal oxidation-reaction equation, fuel heat release rates, chemical equilibrium, incomplete combustion, chemical kinetics, and detonation, thermal explosion, and basic flame theories. The book treats the features of chemical energy resources and presents a thermochemical overview of current and potential solid, liquid, and gaseous natural and synthetic fuel resources. It also describes the fuel-engine interface characteristics of important external and internal combustion heat engines in terms of fuel compatibility, consumption rates, pollution characteristics, emission controls, and energy conversion efficiencies.
  • Table of Contents

    INTRODUCTION TO APPLIED COMBUSTION
    Introduction
    Energy and Combustion
    The Fuel-Engine Interface
    Engineering Science and Combustion
    Engineering and Applied Combustion
    Problems
    COMBUSTION AND ENERGY
    Introduction
    The Conservation of Mass
    Thermodynamic Properties
    Heats of Reaction
    First Law for Reactive Systems
    Problems
    COMBUSTION AND ENTROPY
    Introduction
    Equilibrium and Chemical Reactions
    Entropy
    Gibbs and Hemholtz Functions
    Equilibrium Constants
    The Fuel Cell
    Problems
    FLUID MECHANICS
    Introduction
    Basic Conservation Equations
    The Rayleigh Line
    The Rankine-Hugoniot Curve
    The Chapman-Jouquet Points
    Calculation of Chapman-Jouquet Normal Detonation Parameters
    Detonation Theory and Experimental Evidences
    Problems
    CHEMICAL KINETICS
    Introduction
    Kinetic Theory of Gases
    Collision Theory and Chemical Reactions
    Complex Chemical Kinetics Mechanisms
    Nitrogen-Oxygen Chemical Kinetics
    Basic Flame Theory
    Problems
    SOLID FUELS
    Introduction
    Solid Fuel Thermochemistry
    Coal and Other Solid Fuel Resources
    Solid Fuel Combustion
    Solid Fuel Combustion Pollution Control
    Boiler Energy Balance
    Problems
    LIQUID FUELS
    Introduction
    Liquid Fuel Properties
    Crude Oil and Distillate Fuels
    Synthetic Liquid Fuels
    Unconventional Liquid Fuels
    Liquid Fuel Combustion and Burners
    Problems
    GASEOUS FUELS
    Introduction
    Gaseous Fuel Properties
    Natural Gas
    Coal-Derived Gaseous Fuels
    Biomass and Synthetic Natural Gas
    Hydrogen
    Gaseous Fuel Burners
    Problems
    COMBUSTION ENGINE TESTING
    Introduction
    Internal Combustion Engine Nomenclature
    Indicated Engine Performance
    Brake Engine Performance
    Engine Performance Testing
    The Cooperative Fuel Research (CFR) Engine
    Engine Emissions Testing
    Problems
    SPARK-IGNITION ENGINE COMBUSTION
    Introduction
    Thermodynamics and Spark-Ignition Engine Modeling
    Fuel Thermochemistry and Spark-Ignition Engines
    Spark-Ignition I.C. Engine Combustion Chemistry
    Spark-Ignition I.C. Engine Emissions
    Spark-Ignition Engine Fuel Alternatives
    The Wankel Rotary Engine
    Problems
    COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINE COMBUSTION
    Introduction
    Thermodynamics and Compression-Ignition Engine Modeling
    Fuel Thermochemistry and Compression-Ignition Engines
    Compression-Ignition I.C. Engine Combustion Chemistry
    Compression-Ignition I.C. Engine Emissions
    Compression-Ignition Engine Fuel Alternatives
    Advanced Spark- and Compression-Ignition Combustion Concepts
    Problems
    GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMBUSTION
    Introduction
    Thermodynamics and Gas Turbine Engine Modeling
    Gas Turbine Fuel Thermochemistry
    Gas Turbine Combustors
    Gas Turbine Engine Fuel Alternatives
    Gas Turbine Engine Emissions
    The Free Piston and Stirling Engines
    Problems
    THERMAL DESTRUCTION
    Introduction
    Thermal Destruction Combustion Chemistry
    Basic Elements of Thermal Destruction
    Thermal Destruction Components
    Thermal Destruction Configurations
    Environmental Regulations and Thermal Destruction
    Problems
    APPENDICES
    Dimensions and Units
    Some Thermochemical Properties
    Properties of Fuel Oil
    Properties of Saturated Water
    BIBLIOGRAPHY
    INDEX

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