While sexual misconduct on our college and university campuses, both public and private, is dismayingly widespread, it continues to be significantly underreported because most victims perceive that judicial recourse, with its legalistic adversarial approach, fails to address--in a healing way--the harms done to them. Fewer still file formal complaints, many for fear that they may lose agency and that the process may rekindle the trauma of their experience.Recognizing the reality that supermajority of sexual harms in higher education are rarely addressed through established legalistic practices, this book offers a range of alternative approaches based on restorative justice.Starting from the premise “What if we started with the goal of healing in mind”, this book opens with an overview of common restorative practices and accounts of application and lessons learned by practitioners who have implemented a range of restorative justice and alternative-based approaches. Subsequent chapters cover procedural elements, recommendations around documentation. and interventions for individuals who have caused harm through sexual and gender-based misconduct.The book addresses facilitation; the need to pay attention to self, people, and systems, identities, and power dynamics; the considerations for working restoratively with both complainants and respondents; offers cases and adaptable examples of resolution; and concludes with reflections on institutional implementation from the perspectives of administrators, facilitators, and a student survivor. Recognizing there will always be a need for a formal investigatory approach to cases of sexual misconduct, the book offers a wide range of alternative options that empower those who are most directly affected to make the call for themselves. In doing so, it may increase reporting and, furthermore, in offering a healing justice that addresses individual and community needs, may work to reduce sexual misconduct on campus.
Ryan Holmes, Tamara King, and Jennifer Meyer Schrage
Part I Philosophy and Getting Started
1. A Restorative Justice Approach to Campus Sexual Misconduct. Restorative Guideposts and Insights from Early Adopters
Kaaren M. Williamsen and Sheila M. Mcmahon
2. Building Restorative Principles into Campus Policies
Chelsea Jacoby and Erik S. Wessel
3. What About Due Process? Addressing Common Concerns and Questions about Using Restorative Justice in Cases of Campus Sexual and Gender-Based Misconduct
Pablo Cerdera and Elise Lopez
Part II Process and Intervention
4. Building Restorative Options
Jessica D. Naidu and David R. Karp
5. When Informal Is Formal. Procedural Documents, MOUs, Agreements, and Administrative Case Management Considerations
Chelsea Jacoby and Joe Zichi
6. Specialized Interventions for Addressing Problematic Sexual Behavior
Joan Tabachnick and Jay Wilgus
Part III Facilitation Focus
7. Embodying a Restorative Approach. Attending to the Complexities of Restorative Justice for Campus Sexual Misconduct
Sheila M. McMahon and Desirée Anderson
8. Facilitating Repair and Restoration. Guiding Restorative Practices with Those Who’ve Experienced and Caused Sexual Harms
9. Healing through Supported Dialogue. A Reflection and Three Case Studies
Part IV Reflections on Implementation
10. Adaptable Resolution. Where Justice and Healing Meet
11. Reflections on Starting a Restorative Justice Program
12. System-Aware Considerations for Restorative Responses to Campus Sexual Misconduct
Jasmyn Elise Story
13. Implementation of Institutionally Facilitated Restorative Justice Approaches to Campus Sexual Harm
Rachel Roth Sawatzky
14. Practitioner Reflection
15. Case Study. Restorative Justice for Campus Sexual Misconduct
Frank A. Cirioni
16. Reflections on Piloting a Process
Jake Dyer and Kasey Nikkel
17. Observations and Reflections From a Restorative Justice Process Participant
18. Reflection – STARRSA AP Implementation Recommendations
20. Practitioner Reflection on the Ripple Effects across Communities
Erik S. Wessel
Editors and Contributors
"This book expertly outlines ways to offer justice and restoration to survivors, strengthen the humanity of offenders through responsibility, and to caringly support the narrative of community. While campus policies and procedures are necessary, violations of such are not the core of any community; people are. Applying Restorative Justice to Campus Sexual Misconduct displays how the creating and respecting community standards, accepting responsibility, restoring community members, and providing education can all be achieved."
Ryan C. Holmes, Associate Vice President for Student Affairs and Dean of Students, University of Miami
"Applying Restorative Justice to Campus Sexual Misconduct serves as a much-needed resource for Title IX and student affairs professionals. With the growing demand from survivors for restorative justice options, it is vital for practitioners to understand and apply the practice effectively. Emphasizing the importance of thoughtful treatment of all parties involved, this book provides the expertise and guidance needed to navigate cases involving sexual misconduct on campus, ensuring that restorative justice is practiced with the utmost care and consideration."
Jennifer E. Henkle, Director, Sexual Violence Prevention and Response, NASPA
"Williamsen, Wessel, and colleagues explore a restorative justice approach's why, what, and how for campus-based sexual violence. They make a case for restorative justice practices as a resolution option that prioritizes survivors' healing, perpetrators' accountability, and individual and collective learning and change. I've seen too many times how a compliance-based traditional process can undermine its own intended outcomes. They explore case examples, offer guidance and direction, and share wisdom and insights learned through integrated practice, deep reflection, and social justice-oriented praxis."
Keith E. Edwards, sexual violence prevention educator and author of Unmasking: Toward Authentic Masculinity
"This book, written by school administrators and restorative justice practitioners, is a comprehensive guide to the use of restorative justice for campus sexual misconduct. Incorporating the latest social science research, the authors offer detailed advice about restorative justice practice, provide compelling case studies, and describe program development. This is a must-read for school administrators, school-based restorative justice facilitators, and for all who seek a better way of responding to sexual harm."
Donna Coker, Professor of Law, University of Miami School of Law
"This is the go-to volume for all things related to Restorative Justice and Sexual Misconduct on college campuses. Williamsen and Wessel have curated a volume that is essential, both for those who are immersed in restorative practices and sexual misconduct and for those interested in learning more. This book is a must read."
Alissa R. Ackerman, Associate Professor, Criminal Justice Program Coordinator, California State University, Fullerton
"Restoring relationships and communities after a harmful experience is critical work for educators and leaders. This book provides guidance for those wishing to use restorative justice informed approaches (RJIA) to advance equity, transparency, inclusivity and fairness in their processes. While focused on responses to sexual misconduct, it is broadly useful for all of us who want to think as partners rather than as adversaries in creating human-centered educational spaces in which all of us can thrive."
Rebecca Ropers, Professor of Higher Education and Vice Provost for Faculty and Academic Affairs, University of Minnesota