The Aquatic Sciences include the multidisciplinary study of aquatic ecosystems, both fresh and marine. Scientific investigations vary in scale, from the molecular level of contaminants to tensions in whole ecosystems.
Some of the major fields of study within the aquatic sciences include: limnology (study of lakes, rivers, wetlands and groundwater); biogeochemistry; aquatic ecology; oceanography; Marine biology; ecology applied to marine macroalgae; shrimp farming; ecophysiology and behavior of fish; microalgae ecology; microbial aquatic ecology, nutrient cycling and limnology; ecology of marine benthos and cephalopods; zooplankton ecology; aquatic ecotoxicology; dynamics of populations of aquatic beings; fisheries biology; physical chemistry, marine pollution and coastal management; malacology; crustacean nutrition; oceanography; pathology of aquatic organisms; continental fish farming; aquaculture technology, mariculture and coastal management.
By Jaime A. Ramos, Leonel Pereira
June 30, 2022
Seabirds are global travellers connecting oceans and seas all over the world, and facing multiple threats at local and global scales. Seabirds are long-lived top predators, reflecting changes at lower trophic levels, and are good models to assess ecological changes produced by human societies. Thus...