Much valued by design professionals, controversially discussed in the media, regularly misunderstood by the public and systematically regulated by public procurement; in recent years, architecture competitions have become projection screens for various and often incommensurable desires and hopes.
Almost all texts on architectural competition engage it for particular reasons, whether these be for celebration of the procedure, or dismissal. Moving on from such polarised views, Architecture Competition is a revelatory study on what really happens when competitions take place. But the story is not just about architecture and design; it is about the whole construction process, from the definition of the spatial programme, to judgement and selection of projects and the realization of the building.
This book explores the competition in the building process as it takes place, but also before and after its execution. It demonstrates that competitions are not just one step of many to be taken, but that competitive design procedures shape the entire process. Along the way the book exposes, among others, one of the key evolutions of design competitions – that competition procedures need to be regulated in order to respond to public awarding rules and need to integrate an increasing amount of given standards regarding, for example, efficiency, fire safety and thermal comfort. These notions force competing architects to respond to inflexible and overloaded competition programmes instead of focusing on genuinely crafting an architectural project.
If the architecture competition wants to be more highly valued as a design tool, it should pay attention to the iterative nature of design and to the fact that perspectives on the problem often change in process.
Table of Contents
Introduction: unpacking architectural competitions - project design and the building process (Ignaz Strebel and Jan Silberberger); PART I – MANAGING THE PROCEDURE; 1. Two geographical logics in architectural competitions (Ignaz Strebel and Jan Silberberger); 2. The competition between creativity and legitimacy (Kristian Kreiner); 3. The best of both worlds? Client decision making in architect selection processes (Leentje Volker); 4. Design in conversation (An interview with Malcolm Reading); PART II – INSIDE THE COMPETITION; 5. The progressive differentiation of judgement criteria (Jan Silberberger and Ignaz Strebel); 6. Jury board at work: evaluation of architecture and process (Peter Holm Jacobsen and Andreas Kamstrup); 7. Jury boards as ‘risk managers’: analysing jury deliberations within architectural competitions against the background of risk management (Camille Crossman); 8. Competitions beyond spatial specifications (An interview with Dietmar Eberle); PART III – MAKING THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT; 9. The obligatory passage point (Jan Silberberger and Ignaz Strebel); 10. Architecture as process: OJEU tender and procurement without design (Torsten Schmiedeknecht); 11. Advanced structural engineering (An interview with Werner Sobek)
Ignaz Strebel and Jan Silberberger are senior researchers within the Center for Research on Architecture, Society and the Built Environment, Department of Architecture, ETH Zurich. They have collaborated on various research and design projects, including the development of the internet platform KONKURADO | Web of Design Competitions 1.0.