There are more than 450 Moshavim settlements and about 270 kibbutzim in Israel. While there is a range of communal and cooperative kibbutz movements, all with slight ideological differences, they are all collective rural communities, based on an ideal to create a social utopian settlement. Placing the kibbutz within the wider context of utopian social ideals and how they have historically been physically and architecturally constructed, this book discusses the form of the 'ideal settlement' as an integral part and means for realizing a utopian doctrine. It presents an analysis of physical planning in the kibbutz through the past eight decades and how changes in ideology are reflected in changes in layout and aesthetics. In doing so, this book shows how a utopian settlement organization behaves over time, from their first appearance in 1920 on, to an examination of the current spatial layouts and the directions of their expected future development.
’A fascinating account of a return to the land, a return to normalcy, prompted by unconventional thinking to which the world is not accustomed. This wonderful volume, Architecture and Utopia, describes a phenomenon that - despite its minuscule dimensions within the new Israeli entity - became the torch lighting the way for all of Israeli society.’ David M. Cassuto, Ariel University, Israel ’This is the first comprehensive academic book on the architectural planning of utopian rural settlements in Israel during the last century. The authors, well-known architects, brilliantly analyze the layouts of the settlements in relation to the different prevalent social ideologies and the impact of changes on their development in time. Most interesting are the observations made in the broader context of the history of utopian and ideal settlements design and modern city planning.’ Adam A. Mazor, Israel Institute of Technology, Israel
Contents: Social Utopia and the ideal settlement; Utopian settlements in Israel; The kibbutz: a communal society; The cooperative settlement: (moshav shitufi): a commune of families; The workers' settlement (moshav ovdim): a cooperative of families; Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.
Urban design is an expanding discipline bridging the gaps between the established built environment professions of architecture, planning, surveying, landscape architecture, and engineering. In this position, urban design also borrows from, and contributes to, academic discourse in areas as diverse as urban geography, sociology, public administration, cultural studies, environmental management, conservation and urban regeneration.
This series provides a means to disseminate more substantive urban and environmental design research. Specifically, contributions will be welcomed which are the result of original empirical research, scholarly evaluation, reflection on the practice and the process of urban design, and critical analysis of particular aspects of the built environment. Volumes should be of international interest and may reflect theory and practice from across one or more of the spatial scales over which urban design operates, from environmental and spatial design of settlements, to a concern with large areas of towns and cities - districts or quarters, to consideration of individual developments, urban spaces and networks of spaces, to the contribution of architecture in the urban realm.