1st Edition

Artificial Intelligence-Aided Materials Design AI-Algorithms and Case Studies on Alloys and Metallurgical Processes

By Rajesh Jha, Bimal Kumar Jha Copyright 2022
    362 Pages 185 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book describes the application of artificial intelligence (AI)/machine learning (ML) concepts to develop predictive models that can be used to design alloy materials, including hard and soft magnetic alloys, nickel-base superalloys, titanium-base alloys, and aluminum-base alloys. Readers new to AI/ML algorithms can use this book as a starting point and use the MATLAB® and Python implementation of AI/ML algorithms through included case studies. Experienced AI/ML researchers who want to try new algorithms can use this book and study the case studies for reference.

    • Offers advantages and limitations of several AI concepts and their proper implementation in various data types generated through experiments and computer simulations and from industries in different file formats
    • Helps readers to develop predictive models through AI/ML algorithms by writing their own computer code or using resources where they do not have to write code
    • Covers downloadable resources such as MATLAB GUI/APP and Python implementation that can be used on common mobile devices
    • Discusses the CALPHAD approach and ways to use data generated from it
    • Features a chapter on metallurgical/materials concepts to help readers understand the case studies and thus proper implementation of AI/ML algorithms under the framework of data-driven materials science
    • Uses case studies to examine the importance of using unsupervised machine learning algorithms in determining patterns in datasets

    This book is written for materials scientists and metallurgists interested in the application of AI, ML, and data science in the development of new materials.

    1. Introduction. 2. Metallurgical/Materials Concepts. 3. Artificial Intelligence Algorithms. 4. Case Study #4: Computational Platform for Developing Predictive Models for Predicting Load-Displacement Curve and AFM Image: Combined Experimental-Machine Learning Approach. 5. Case Study #5: Design of Hard Magnetic Alnico Alloys: Combined Machine Learning-Experimental Approach. 6. Case Study #6: Design and Discovery of Soft Magnetic Alloys: Combined Machine Learning-CALPHAD Approach. 7. Case Study #7: Nickel-Base Superalloys: Combined Machine Learning-CALPHAD Approach. 8. Case Study #8: Design of Aluminum Alloys: Combined Machine Learning-CALPHAD Approach. 9. Case Study #9: Titanium Alloys for High-Temperature Application: Combined Machine Learning-CALPHAD Approach. 10. Case Study #10: Design of β-Stabilized, ω-Free Titanium Based Biomaterials: Combined Machine Learning-CALPHAD Approach. 11. Case Study #11: Industrial Furnaces I: Application of Machine Learning on an Industrial Iron-Making Blast Furnace Data. 12. Case Study #12: Development of GUI/APP to Determine Additions in LD Steel Making Furnace. 13. Case Study #13: Selection of a Supervised Machine Learning(Response Surface) Algorithm for a Given Problem. 14. Case Study #14: Effect of Operating Parameters on Roll Force and Torque in an Industrial Rolling Mill: Supervised and Unsupervised Machine Learning Approach. 15. Case Study #15: Developing Predictive Models for Flow Stress by Utilizing Experimental Data Generated From Gleeble Testing Machine: Combined Experimental-Supervised Machine Learning Approach. 16. Computational Platforms Used in This Work.


    Dr. Rajesh Jha is a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, Florida International University (FIU). Prior to FIU, he worked as a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado. He graduated with a PhD in Materials Science and Engineering from Florida International University, Miami, FL, in 2016; Master of Technology in Metallurgical and Materials Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India, in 2012; and BSc in Metallurgical Engineering from BIT, Sindri, Jharkhand, India, in 2009. Dr. Jha has worked as a faculty in Metallurgy at OP Jindal University, India. He has a strong background as an experimentalist and has worked as a Project Assistant at National Metallurgical Laboratory, Jamshedpur, India, working on microscopy, additive manufacturing, coatings, and corrosion. Since 2010, he has been working extensively on Machine Learning (ML)/Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithms for developing prediction models, along with Evolutionary (EA) or Genetic algorithms (GA) for Multi-objective Optimization. He has applied AI/ML algorithms in the field of materials and alloy design and process metallurgy. He will deliver a lecture on AI/ML-based algorithms application in alloy design at E-MRS Fall 2021. In March 2021, he received the best poster award for his AI/ML-based work at US NSF-JST (Japan) joint workshop on Materials Informatics and Quantum Computing. He has published over 30 publications, including two book chapters, journal articles, and peer-reviewed international conference proceedings. He has developed a software for simulating nanoindentation through ML and is currently working on patenting his software and is in direct communication with a company interested in licensing it. He has served as an editor and on the reviewer board of academic journals and has reviewed articles for 16 international journals on multi-disciplinary topics.

    Dr. Bimal Kumar Jha, Former Executive Director, Research and Development Centre for Iron &Steel, SAIL, Ranchi, graduated in Metallurgical Engineering from University of Roorkee in 1978 with the unique distinction of being awarded with all the five medals of the Metallurgical Engineering Department. He joined RDCIS, SAIL, in 1980 after completing MTech at IIT Kanpur. He completed his PhD on TRIP Steels from University of Roorkee in 1996. Dr. Jha in his various capacities in RDCIS spearheaded product development and commercialization activities of SAIL from 2005 to 2015. Dr Jha as head of RDCIS made outstanding contribution toward formulation of companywide R&D Master Plan. Under his leadership, a process was evolved to identify and capture R&D expenditure in SAIL plants/units. As a Steel Industry-Academia Interface (SIAI) convener, he has been involved in formation of Steel Research and Technology Mission of India (SRTMI) and has identified major technology developments of National importance in Steel Sector. His keen interest in research and development is amply manifested through more than 140 numbers of publications in the journals of national and international repute and filing of 45 patents to his credit. In 2015, Dr. B.K. Jha was conferred the National Metallurgist Award (Industry) by Ministry of Steel, the highest honor in India for the metallurgical profession. He has also received the prestigious Metallurgist of the Year Award in 2002 from Ministry of Steel and O.P. Jindal Gold Medal in 2014 from Indian Institute of Metals (IIM). He was a visiting professor in IIT, Roorkee, before joining National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology (NIFFT), Ranchi, India, as a professor.