In recent years teachers have realized that change has become a permanent factor on the educational scene and therefore its operation or mechanism must not just be accepted, or even rejected, but above all understood. This book presents an approach towards some real understanding of educational changes and innovations. A number of mechanisms and processes are discussed and analysed in an attempt to present some sort of overview of the agents involved in change, an analysis of the major characteristics of resisters and innovators, an account of the traits and functions of innovative institutions and a description of three particular models which delineate the way in which change occurs. In the final section of the text attention is given to some contemporary educational innovations, and some suggestions provided for dealing with problems involved in their evaluation.
Table of Contents
Preface. 1 Introduction. Part 1: Sources, Types and Processes of Innovation. 2 A Working Definition of Innovation. 3 General Sources of Change and Predisposing Factors. 4 Types and Degrees of Change. 5 Planning Educational Change. 6 Three Process Models. Part 2: Overview of Agents Involved in Change. 7 Individuals, Groups, Institutions and Cultures. Part 3: System and Process. 8 Why Schools Change So Slowly. 9 Rate of Diffusion 10 Process Variables 11 The Origins of Change Part Four: Characteristics of Resisters and Innovators 12 Resisters 13 Innovators Part Five: Innovative Institutions 14 Traits and Functions of Innovative Institutions. Part 6: Planning and Executing Change 15 Overview of Models 16 Overview of Strategies 17 Three Models of How Change Occurs Part 7: Educational change and Its Evaluation 18 Some Current Educational Innovations. 19 Evaluating Change and Innovations 20 Summary and conclusions. Bibliography and References. Name Index and Subject Index.