We constantly hear cries from politicians for teachers to have high expectations. But what this means in practical terms is never spelled out. Simply deciding that as a teacher you will expect all your students to achieve more than other classes you have taught in the same school, is not going to translate automatically into enhanced achievement for students.
Becoming a High Expectation Teacher is a book that every education student, training or practising teacher, should read. It details the beliefs and practices of high expectation teachers – teachers who have high expectations for all their students – and provides practical examples for teachers of how to change classrooms into ones in which all students are expected to learn at much higher levels than teachers may previously have thought possible. It shows how student achievement can be raised by providing both research evidence and practical examples.
This book is based on the first ever intervention study in the teacher expectation area, designed to change teachers’ expectations through introducing them to the beliefs and practices of high expectation teachers. A holistic view of the classroom is emphasised whereby both the instructional and socio-emotional aspects of the classroom are considered if teachers are to increase student achievement. There is a focus on high expectation teachers, those who have high expectations for all students, and a close examination of what it is that these teachers do in their classrooms that mean that their students make very large learning gains each year.
Becoming a High Expectation Teacher explores three key areas in which what high expectation teachers do differs substantially from what other teachers do: the way they group students for learning, the way they create a caring classroom community, and the way in which they use goalsetting to motivate students, to promote student autonomy and to promote mastery learning.
Areas covered include:-
- Formation of teacher expectations
- Teacher personality and expectation
- Ability grouping and goal setting
- Enhancing class climate
- Sustaining high expectations for students
Becoming a High Expectation Teacher is an essential read for any researcher, student, trainee or practicing teacher who cares passionately about the teacher-student relationship and about raising expectations and student achievement.
Table of Contents
Part I A history of teacher expectancy research 1 Retracing the steps in teacher expectation research 2 Formation of teacher expectations 3 Teacher differential behaviour and student outcomes 4 Teacher difference and expectations Part II High and low expectation teachers 5 Introducing high and low expectation teachers 6 The beliefs and practices of high and low expectation teachers 7 A teacher expectation intervention Part III A teacher expectation intervention: theoretical and practical perspectives 8 High expectation teachers and flexible grouping: a theoretical discussion 9 High expectation teachers and flexible grouping: practical applications 10 High expectation teachers and class climate: a theoretical discussion 11 High expectation teachers and class climate: practical applications 12 High expectation teachers and goal setting: a theoretical discussion 13 High expectation teachers and goal setting: practical applications 14 High expectations for all students: an achievable goal
Christine Rubie-Davies is Associate Professor and Head of School Learning, Development and Professional Practice at the University of Auckland in New Zealand. Her primary research area is in teacher expectations. She was a primary school teacher for around 20 years, before moving into a university environment.