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Biology, Chemistry and Applications of Apocarotenoids



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ISBN 9780367361600
November 20, 2020 Forthcoming by CRC Press
256 Pages - 5 Color & 23 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

Carotenoids are a large class of isoprenoid pigments produced by plants and certain microbes. More than 700 naturally occurring carotenoids have been identified. Apocarotenoids are tailored from carotenoids by oxidative enzymes. Apocarotenoids act as visual or volatile signals to attract pollinating and seed dispersal agents. They are also the key players in allelopathic interactions and plant defense. Biology, Chemistry and Applications of Apocarotenoids provides detailed account of the fundamental chemistry of apocarotenoids and the basic methods used in carotenoid research, and critical discussions of the biochemistry, functions, and applications of these important compounds. Topics covered in the proposed book include various aspects of the roles of apocarotenoids in colour and colouration, photosynthesis and other photofunctions and protection. The formation and roles of carotenoid metabolites and breakdown products as perfume/aroma compounds are also be outlined.

Features:

  • Provides an organized overview of apocarotenoids and their chemistry and biological functions
  • Focuses on recent discoveries on apocarotenoids, their nature and functions.
  • Details potential uses of apocarotenoids in agriculture, pharmacy, food industry, and apocarotenoid production at industrial level

This book has been written by leading experts in apocarotenoid research and gives a comprehensive overview on the diversity of apocarotenoid compounds and would serve as a reference book for researches in Plant Physiology, Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, Biophysics and Medicine.

Table of Contents

Biology and Chemistry of Apocarotenoids

Margarita Aguilar-Espinosa, Victor Manuel Carballo-Uicab and Renata Rivera-Madrid

Natural Sources of Apocarotenoids and its Applications

Dzib-Cauich Jonathan, Us-Camas Rosa and Renata Rivera Madrid

Overview: apocarotenoid molecules are continuously being discovered in all taxa

Renata Rivera-Madrid and Siva Ramamoorthy

Unraveling apocarotenoid biosynthesis pathways: transcriptomic tools for gene discovery

David Chan-Rodriguez and Renata Rivera-Madrid

Apocarotenoids: Natural Anti-Ageing Agents

Leepica Kapoor and Siva Ramamoorthy

An approach to vitamin A and retinoids and their importance in human health

Victor Manuel Carballo Uicab, Rosa Us Camas and Renata Rivera Madrid

Epoxy Carotenoid and its Importance: A review

Hebron Kirubai Raj and Siva Ramamoorthy

Anticarcinogenic effect of apocarotenoids

Yair Cárdenas-Conejo and Edith E. Uresti-Rivera

An overview of the role of abscisic acid (ABA): from plants to humans

Us-Camas Rosa, Aguilar-Espinosa Margarita and Renata Rivera Madrid

C13 Alpha-Ionol (Blumenol) Glycosides and C14 Mycorradicin: Apocarotenoids Accumulating in Roots During the Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Symbiosis

Michael H. Walter

Strigolactones: Nutrient Stress Hormones Affecting Plant Development and Biotic Interactions

Michael H. Walter

...
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Author(s)

Biography

Dr. Ramamoorthy Siva is currently working as a Professor and Head, at Department of Biotechnology, VIT University, India He has received his undergraduate and postgraduate degree in Plant Science from Madurai Kamaraj University, India. He has carried out his Ph.D. in "Plant Genetic diversity" from Bharathidasan University, India. He did his postdoctoral research at Ben Gurion University (Israel) and Gyeongsang National University (South Korea). His research interests are Plant Biotechnology and Pigments Biology. More than 15 years, he has carried out extensive research on plant dyes and pigments. He is the recipient of prestigious MASHAV fellowship from Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Israel at the Institute of Applied Research, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Israel (2004). Dr. Siva is the recipient of ‘Young scientist’ project under Fast track scheme, supported by DST, India. He is involving popularizing science in India by conducting lecture workshop on various biological aspects with the support of Science Academies, India since, 2009. Dr. Siva is successful to obtain various research grants in India. Dr. Siva is an IUCN species commission member for medicinal Plants. Dr. Siva nominated as Fellow of Linnean Society (FLS), London in 2013; Elected as a Fellow of Royal Society of Biology (UK) in 2015 and Fellow of Royal Society of Chemistry (UK) in 2020. He has awarded a scientist by Tamilnadu Academy of Sciences, Chennai in 2017 and He was the international visiting fellow of University of Essex, UK (2017). He has published more than 100 manuscripts in a reputed peer reviewed journals with high impact factor journals. He is the BMC Plant Biology, BMC Biotechnology and Academic Editor of PLoS One , Peer J and he has received various awards for his accomplishment.

Dr. Rivera earned her PhD in Plant Physiology and Molecular Biology from the Université de Perpignan, France. Dr. Rivera is senior researcher in molecular biology of plant carotenoids at the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Unit of the Scientific Research Centre of Yucatan (Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, A.C, CICY). Her research line is Metabolic Engineering and Plant Genetics. For the last two decades she has been working mainly with Bixa orellana (achiote), plant which produces bixin, a worldwide valued natural pigment. Dr. Rivera’s team is currently working on the regulatory mechanisms that control carotenoid production in higher plants, as well as on genetic variability, germplasm conservation, and genetic improvement using traditional methods and biotechnological tools. Dr. Rivera’s main contributions to the knowledge of the molecular genetics of Bixa orellana and the molecular bases for its improvement are acknowledged at national and international level. Her publications and her studies on the expression and regulation of the genes involved in the synthesis of carotenoids and bixin are considered the basis for molecular genetic characterization. She has been in charge of more than ten B. orellana projects funded by national and international institutions and has authored more than 30 peer reviewed papers in specialized journals. As an active professor at the Centre’s Postgraduate Division, she trains MD, PhD, and postgraduate students, has directed 27 concluded pre-graduate thesis, 17 Master thesis, four doctorate thesis, and three post-doctorates. She has evaluated projects summited to the National Council for Science and Technology (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología, CONACYT), as well as international projects. Dr. Rivera is a member of the Mexican Science Academy and a level II member of the National Researcher’s System (Sistema Nacional de Investigadores, SNI). She is currently Guest Editor in Frontiers in Plant Science for the special issue on" Interactions between Biochemical Pathways Producing Plant Colors and Scents".

Dr. George Priya Doss. C obtained his Ph.D. from Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT), Vellore, India and presently positioned as HOD, Department of Integrative Biology, School of Biosciences and Technology. His research interest spans both computational biology and Bioinformatics, with prior in-depth knowledge and experience in molecular modeling, molecular simulation analysis, drug discovery, nano-informatics and development and construction of various biological databases. He has authored and co-authored more than 170 scientific publications in international peer-reviewed journals and book chapters.