1st Edition

Biomimetics Biologically Inspired Technologies

By Yoseph Bar-Cohen Copyright 2006
    578 Pages 64 Color & 257 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Nature is the world's foremost designer. With billions of years of experience and boasting the most extensive laboratory available, it conducts research in every branch of engineering and science. Nature's designs and capabilities have always inspired technology, from the use of tongs and tweezers to genetic algorithms and autonomous legged robots. Taking a systems perspective rather than focusing narrowly on materials or chemistry aspects, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies examines the field from every angle.

    The book contains pioneering approaches to biomimetics including a new perspective on the mechanization of cognition and intelligence, as well as defense and attack strategies in nature, their applications, and potential. It surveys the field from modeling to applications and from nano- to macro-scales, beginning with an introduction to principles of using biology to inspire designs as well as biological mechanisms as models for technology.

    This innovative guide discusses evolutionary robotics; genetic algorithms; molecular machines; multifunctional, biological-, and nano- materials; nastic structures inspired by plants; and functional surfaces in biology. Looking inward at biological systems, the book covers the topics of biomimetic materials, structures, control, cognition, artificial muscles, biosensors that mimic senses, artificial organs, and interfaces between engineered and biological systems. The final chapter contemplates the future of the field and outlines the challenges ahead.

    Featuring extensive illustrations, including a 32-page full-color insert, Biomimetics: Biologically Inspired Technologies provides unmatched breadth of scope as well as lucid illumination of this promising field.

    Introduction to Biomimetics: The Wealth of Inventions in Nature as an Inspiration for Human Innovation; Yoseph Bar-Cohen
    Biological Mechanisms as Models for Mimicking: Sarcomere Design, Arrangement, and Muscle Function; Kenneth Meijer, Juan C. Moreno, and Hans H.C.M. Savelberg
    Mechanization of Cognition; Robert Hecht-Nielsen
    Evolutionary Robotics and Open-Ended Design Automation; Hod Lipson
    Genetic Algorithms: Mimicking Evolution and Natural Selection in Optimization Models; Tammy Drezner and Zvi Drezner
    Robotic Biomimesis of Intelligent Mobility, Manipulation, and Expression; David Hanson
    Bio-Nanorobotics: A Field Inspired by Nature; Ajay Ummat, Atul Dubey, and Constantinos Mavroidis
    Molecular Design of Biological and Nano-Materials; Shuguang Zhang, Hidenori Yokoi, and Xiaojun Zhao
    Engineered Muscle Actuators: Cells and Tissues; Robert G. Dennis and Hugh Herr
    Artificial Muscles Using Electroactive Polymers; Yoseph Bar-Cohen
    Biologically Inspired Optical Systems; Robert Szema and Luke P. Lee
    Multifunctional Materials; Sia Nemat-Nasser, Syrus Nemat-Nasser, Thomas Plaisted, Anthony Starr, and Alireza Vakil Amirkhizi
    Defense and Attack Strategies and Mechanisms in Biology; Julian F.V. Vincent
    Biological Materials in Engineering Mechanisms; Justin Carlson, Shail Ghaey, Sean Moran, Cam Anh Tran, and David L. Kaplan
    Functional Surfaces in Biology: Mechanisms and Applications; Stanislav N. Gorb
    Biomimetic and Biologically Inspired Control; Zhiwei Luo, Shigeyuki Hosoe, and Masami Ito
    Interfacing Microelectronics and the Human Visual System; Rajat N. Agrawal, Mark S. Humayun, James Weiland, Gianluca Lazzi, and Keyoor Chetan Gosalia
    Artificial Support and Replacement of Human Organs; Pramod Bonde
    Nastic Structures: The Enacting and Mimicking of Plant Movements; Rainer Stahlberg and Minoru Taya
    Biomimetics: Reality, Challenges, and Outlook; Yoseph Bar-Cohen


    Yoseph Bar-Cohen

    "The focus on robotics and on optimization by evolution seems to be unique and constitutes the main claim of Bar-Cohen’s volume to widespread attention. Another feature of the book is the extreme care he has taken to obtain the critical opinions of 66 experts, and their ministrations evidently contributed much to the book’s clarity of presentation."

    – Robert W. Cahn, Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, in Nature, November 23, 2006, Vol. 444