1st Edition

Bow Ties in Process Safety and Environmental Management Current Trends and Future Perspectives

    343 Pages 144 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Bow Ties in Process Safety and Environmental Management: Current Trends and Future Perspectives aims to combine the process safety aspects and the potential dangers to the ecology including the source of the contamination, and especially, the unbalanced utilization of toxic chemicals in process industries. It also covers a broad spectrum of industrial process safety, environmental pollution factors, dangers to land, water, air and living species, remediation technologies (traditional and futuristic approaches), pollutant degradation through numerical modelling, and physicochemical characteristics of the chemicals and their thermal analysis. It also provides the mandated safety data sheets already available and suggestions for the improvement of industrial specifications.

      • Discusses detailed aspects of process safety and environmental impact from a theoretical and practical perspective
      • Covers detailed procedures of environmental modeling concepts
      • Explores forensic investigation sequences during the incident
      • Proposes futuristic approaches towards risk assessment and management
      • Includes real-time case studies with complexities and solutions

    This book is written for researchers, graduate students, and professionals involved in chemical engineering, environmental engineering, and process safety engineering.

    Chapter 1 Bow Ties of Process Safety and Environmental Impact Transition from Theory to Practice

    Jin-Fu Tao, Jian-Feng Yang, Liang-Chao Chen, Li-Li Li, Ru Li, and Mei-Chen Zhou

    Chapter 2 Fire and Explosion Hazards of Liquid Mixtures

    Horng-Jang Liaw

    Chapter 3 Bow-Tie Analysis of Underground Coal-Fire Hazards and Mining Activities Using Hybrid Data: A Case Study of Wuda Coalfield in Inner Mongolia, China

    Zeyang Song, Maorui Li, Jun Deng, Zhijin Yu, and Jingyu Zhao

    Chapter 4 Technologies to Inhibit Coal Fires

    Yang Xiao, Qing-Wei Li, Hao Zhang, and Jun Deng

    Chapter 5 Micro-Scale Piloting Test for Coal and Gas Outburst Prevention by Liquid Carbon Dioxide Injection and In-Situ Experiment

    Zhenbao Li

    Chapter 6 Fighting Fires in the Coal Mining Industry

    Jun Deng, Yang Xiao, Kun-Hua Liu, and Qing-Wei Li

    Chapter 7 Application of Safety Triad in Process Safety

    T. Parker, R. Shen, and Q. Wang

    Chapter 8 Forensic Analysis of Some Types of Industrial Explosions

    Xiaoliang Zhang, Tingguang Ma, Huiping Liu, and Zhangrui Liu

    Chapter 9 Risk Assessment of Hydrogen Fueling Stations

    J. Nakayama and A. Miyake

    Chapter 10 Comparative Assessment and Validation of USEPA Air Quality Modelling Techniques Using Pre-Post Point-Source Observations Near a Coal-Based Thermal Power Plant

    Rahil Changotra, Amarpreet Singh Arora, Himadri Rajput, and Amit Dhir

    Chapter 11 Spatiotemporal Dispersion of Particles in the Vicinity of an Opencast Mine in India

    Aditya Kumar Patra and Satya Prakash Sahu

    Chapter 12 An Overview to Quantitative Risk Assessment Methodologies

    Amarpreet Singh Arora, Rahil Changotra, and Himadri Rajput

    Chapter 13 Understanding Spatio-Temporal Variability of Groundwater Level Changes in India Using Hydrogeological and GIS Techniques

    Suneel Kumar Joshi and Sneha Gautam

    Chapter 14 Electrocoagulation Influencing Parameters Investigation on Reactive Dyes in Textile Wastewater: A SimpleOptimization Method

    Mohit Garg, Sarbani Ghosh, Amit Kumar, Vikram Chopra, Indra Deo Mall, and Sneha Gautam

    Chapter 15 Evaluation of Historic Trends on Hydro-Meteorological Variables in the Cauvery Basin, India

    R Dhasarathan, Brema Jayanarayanan, and Sneha Gautam

    Chapter 16 Valuation of Environmental Externalities: A Tool for Sustainability

    Hemant Bherwani, Alaka Das, B Hariharan, Ankit Gupta, and Rakesh Kumar

    Chapter 17 Exploring Human-Elephant Conflicts and Mitigation Measures in and Around Rohingya Refugee Camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

    Nafisa Islam, Sayed Mohammad Nazim Uddin, Nazifa Rafa, and Mukesh Gupta

    Chapter 18 Transmission Mechanisms of Bioaerosols: An Unseen Threat to Human Health

    Sneha Gautam, Mohammed Abdus Salam, Mahmud Hossain Sumon, Muhammad Anwar Iqbal, Bruno Pavoni, and Md. Badiuzzaman Khan




    Dr. Gollakota Anjani Ravi Kiran is Assistant Professor in Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan. He has received his PhD (Chemical Engineering) from Indian Institute of Technology (IIG), Guwahati, and an MTech (Chemical and Engineering) from Andhra University college of Engineering, India. After his PhD, he Joined University of Surrey, United Kingdom (May 2016 – July 2017), Received Post Doc Fellowship from Ministry of Science and Technology Taiwan and joined Post Doc (August 2017 – Feb 2018), soon promoted as assistant professor (Feb 2018 – To Date).

    Dr. Gollakota Primary research is on 4th generation biofuels via hydrodeoxygenation, hydrothermal liquefaction. His research is primarily focused towards the upgrading the biofuels generated from physico-chemical-thermo chemical methods. The prime objective of this research is to enhance the efficacy of the biofuels which are highly underrated due to their complex compositions. At present Dr. Gollakota is working on another novel aspect of self-treatment procedures through green materials and green solvents. The present research will be a great boon to many of the coal industries struggling with their dumping systems.

    His current research projects and works are focused in broad multidisciplinary areas of transmuted coal fly ash applications in geopolymers, biofuel upgrading catalysis, leaching radioactive isotopes. Also Dr. Gollakota is working on green material synthesis on the basis of waste to energy generation.

    Gollakota Published 18 articles in top-ranked journals (h-index 12; i10-index 12; citations >500), he has developed a network of collaborators across four continents. Prior experience as a software engineer for three years helped Gollakota to have a proficiency in traditional chemical and process engineering software such as Ansys, COMSOL etc.

    Dr. Sneha Gautam is Assistant Professor in Department of Civil Engineering at Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences, Coimbatore, India. He has received his PhD (Engineering) from Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur, and an MTech (Environmental Science and Engineering) from Indian Institute of Technology, Indian School of Mines (IIT - ISM) Dhanbad. After his PhD, he Joined INCLEN and University of California, Berkeley, USA (May 2015 – July 2016), Received Post Doc Fellowship from Ministry of Science and Technology Taiwan and joined Post Doc (August 2016 – May 2017), after he joined Marwadi University, Rajkot Gujarat as an assistant professor & Head (Sept 2017 – April 2019).

    His fundamental and application oriented cross disciplinary research is focused at the interfaces of clean air engineering/science, human health and smart/sustainable living in cities/megacities. His research builds an understanding of the formation and emission of particles, both from vehicle exhausts and non-vehicular sources. He, investigates their contribution to pollution, especially in megacity contexts. He is developing approaches to low-cost sensing and contributing to the development of exposure control technology and guidelines for policymakers to curtail pollution exposure in cities, with associated health benefits.

    His current research projects and works are focused in broad multidisciplinary areas of air pollution monitoring/modelling, low-cost sensing, nature-based solutions, climate change mitigation and developing innovative technological and passive (e.g. green infrastructure) solutions for air pollution exposure control for both developing and developed world.

    He received couple of prestigious award (i.e., IEI Young Scientist Award, Outstanding Reviewer Award – Elsevier, International Travel Grant – Govt of India etc). With over 26 articles in top-ranked journals (h-index 12; i10-index 12; citations >370), he has developed a network of collaborators across four continents, serving on editorial boards of several international journals. His research has featured in well-read media outlets such as the Aljajeera, Times of India, and Trinity.

    Prof. Chi-Min Shu is a Distinguished Chair Professor in Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering at National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan. Prof. Shu is a chemical engineering graduate and migrated towards the process safety upon the thrust towards the industrial safety. Prof. Shu, initiated a prodigious impulse in the field of process safety research by establishing the Process Safety and Disaster Prevention Laboratory (PS&DPL), Taiwan. The focus of PS&DPL is primarily on loss prevention, thermokinetic hazard analysis, runaway reaction analysis, combustible gas or dust explosion analysis, risk assessment, and process-safety-related problems. In the past decade, I have received the North American Thermal Analysis Society (NATAS) Fellow Award in 2011 and in 2016 was elected as an American Institute of Chemical Engineers Fellow. In 2017, our continuous contribution was recognized by receiving the NATAS Mettler Toledo Award, the most honorable award in the field of Thermal Analysis since 1968.

    Prof. Shu expertise in process safety led him the invitation from various Governments across the globe to be a part of investigation teams. For instance, the most famous the underground pipeline explosion that occurred in August 2014 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan, which is a well-known disaster is one among them. Since 2005, Prof. Shu have been a Advisory Board Member of Fire Accident Investigation in (1) the National Fire Agency, Ministry of the Interior, (2) Taichung City, and (3) the Yunlin County Fire-Fighting Department. In 2015, I was the first scholar in the field of chemical process safety to assume an office at the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Committee, accredited by Environmental Protection Administration of the Executive Yuan, Taiwan. To date, Prof. Shu reviewed more than 500 EIA reports and attended more than 100 EIA meetings.

    Prof. Shu is continuously striving to overcome challenges to industrial safety by intensively publishing papers in various respected international scientific journals. His laboratory findings have been documented through publications (350+) in reputed science journals of loss prevention and process safety.

    About academic dedication, Prof. Shu is serving as an editorial board member in various respected scientific journals, such as Process Safety Progress (SCI), Journal of Safety Research (SSCI), and Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries (SCI) and as an associate editor for the Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry (SCI) during the periods 2009–2010 and 2018–2020.