Building a World Heritage City: Sanaa, Yemen, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Building a World Heritage City

Sanaa, Yemen, 1st Edition

By Michele Lamprakos


286 pages

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Paperback: 9781138308459
pub: 2017-12-12
Hardback: 9781472435408
pub: 2015-07-28
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pub: 2016-03-03
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The conservation of old Sanaa is a major cultural heritage initiative that began in the 1980's under the auspices of UNESCO; it continues today, led by local agencies and actors. In contrast to other parts of the world where conservation was introduced at a later date to remediate the effects of modernization, in Yemen the two processes have been more or less concurrent. This has resulted in a paradox: unlike many other countries in the Middle East that abandoned traditional construction practices long ago, in Yemen these practices have not died out. Builders and craftsmen still work in 'traditional' construction, and see themselves as caretakers of the old city. At the same time, social forms that shaped the built fabric persist in both the old city and the new districts. Yemenis, in effect, are not separated from their heritage by an historical divide. What does it mean to conserve in a place where the 'historic past' is, in some sense, still alive? How must international agencies and consultants readjust theory and practice as they interact with living representatives of this historic past? And what are the implications of the case of Sanaa for conservation in general? Building a World Heritage City addresses these questions and also fosters greater cultural understanding of a little known, but geopolitically important, part of the world that is often portrayed exclusively in terms of unrest and political turmoil.


This is the first thoroughgoing critical treatment of Sanaa’s modern preservation history, which skilfully makes sense of the overlapping layers of the city's more recent urban amendments. Lamprakos lucidly shows that the city’s preservation was (and still is) an unresolved process of negotiation between various bodies each with their own interests, concerns, and perspectives on the heritage industry. This subtle investigation, based on first-hand interviews and extensive fieldwork in Yemen, instructs on the past, while also shedding crucial light on preservation directives for the future.’ Nancy Um, Binghamton University, USA ’In this richly documented account of conservation in a living city, Michele Lamprakos portrays a vast array of voices and skills; we encounter local builders, architects, planners, bureaucrats, politicians, and various foreign nationals who have influenced Sanaa’s evolution to its present condition. Building a World Heritage City is a stunning and critically important achievement.’ Michael Herzfeld, Harvard University, USA

About the Series

Heritage, Culture and Identity

Heritage, Culture and Identity
This series explores all notions of heritage - including social and cultural heritage, the meanings of place and identity, multiculturalism, management and planning, tourism, conservation, and the built environment - at all scales from the global to the local. Although primarily geographical in orientation, it is open to other disciplines such as anthropology, history, cultural studies, planning, tourism, architecture/conservation, and local governance and cultural economics.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Public Policy / City Planning & Urban Development
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Human Geography