There was a time when bullying was regarded as a relatively innocuous issue—a normal part of growing up—but this is no longer the case. The magnitude of the problems that bullying can lead to is evidenced by the rising amount of professional literature on bullying, as well as recent cases of bully-linked suicide and homicide in the popular media. Bullying always involves at least one bully and one victim, but there are a variety of social roles that can affect the duration and magnitude of bullying. These roles include bully assistants or supporters, victim defenders, and passive bystanders. Fundamental to creating successful intervention programs to prevent or reduce bullying is basic research that identifies the characteristics of those involved in bullying situations (e.g., personality, motivational, intellectual, physical, social, and behavioural).
This volume presents a broad range of original research describing how social influences are related to bullying. Reflecting the fact that bullying is a world-wide phenomenon and problem, the research comes from samples of individuals from Australia, Finland, Italy, New England, and Poland, as well as a review of the cyber-bullying literature, which is international in scope. This book was originally published as a special issue of Social Influence.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction: A social influence perspective Joan B. Simon and Paul R. Nail
2. Sticks and stones may break your bones, but words will always hurt you: A review of cyberbullying V. Skye Wingate, Jessy A. Minney, and Rosanna E. Guadagno
3. Developmental trajectories of adolescent victimization: Predictors and outcomes Leanne Lester, Donna Cross, Julian Dooley, and Thérèse Shaw
4. Does bullying increase compliance? Malgorzata Gamian-Wilk
5. Bullying the bully: Why zero-tolerance policies get a failing grade K. Borgwald and H. Theixos
6. Friend similarity in attitudes toward bullying and sense of responsibility to intervene Tiziana Pozzoli and Gianluca Gini
7. Overt and relational victimization and adolescent friendships: Selection, de-selection, and social influence Jelle J. Sijtsema, Ashwin J. Rambaran, and Tiina J. Ojanen
8. Social context of bullying: Do misperceptions of group norms influence children’s responses to witnessed episodes? Marlene Sandstrom, Heather Makover, and Maria Bartini
Paul R. Nail is a Professor at the University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR, USA. He holds a Ph.D. in experimental psychology from Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX, USA. Besides bullying, his research interests include social influence in groups, cognitive dissonance theory, contemporary theories of racism, political psychology, and individual differences in psychological defenses.
Joan B. Simon is an Associate Professor at the University of Central Arkansas, Conway, AR, USA. Her Ph.D. in school psychology is from the University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS, USA. She is a licensed psychologist whose work on behalf of children with severe emotional needs has been disseminated through professional presentations and publications.