Carbon Footprint Analysis: Concepts, Methods, Implementation, and Case Studies, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Carbon Footprint Analysis

Concepts, Methods, Implementation, and Case Studies, 1st Edition

By Matthew John Franchetti, Defne Apul

CRC Press

270 pages | 61 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2012-06-18
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Description

The negative impacts of carbon emissions from human activities continue to dramatically reshape the environmental, political, and social landscape. These impacts coupled with cap and trade schemes iterate the importance and need to properly measure and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon Footprint Analysis: Concepts, Methods, Implementation, and Case Studiesprovides up-to-date technical information and practical guidance on measuring and reducing energy and GHG emissions. Presenting a comprehensive framework for carbon management, this book:

  • Provides definitions, concepts, benefits, and background information regarding carbon footprint analyses
  • Discusses the GHG accounting methods
  • Outlines the general systems framework for conducting an audit
  • Features four case studies in higher education, service, and manufacturing organizations

The book includes detailed discussions of the concepts and explains how the different concepts fit together. It supplies the necessary background as well as systematic tools and procedures for organizations to measure and reduce their carbon footprints and begin to adapt to a carbon-constrained world.

Reviews

"… the first comprehensive engineering and technically based treatment of all the associated issues in one book. … will have a wide appeal not only among students and teachers, but also among technocrats, industrialists, researchers, and government policy makers. … written by authors who are technically competent in the field and they combine theory and practice in presenting a case for carbon footprint reduction."

—Adedeji Badiru, Air Force Institute of Technology, Beavercreek, Ohio, USA

"Carbon emissions represent a major environmental impact of any institution. This book provides practical guidance for the calculation of an institution’s carbon footprint, and will be of use to a wide audience."

—Jeffrey D. Corbin, Union College, Schenectady, New York, USA

Table of Contents

WHY CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS AND REDUCTION?

Definitions of Carbon Footprint Analysis and Related Concepts

Introduction

Carbon Footprint Analysis

Greenhouse Gases

Global Warming, Climate Change, and Global Change

Life Cycle Assessment and Embedded Carbon

Other Footprints: Water, Nitrogen, Ecological Footprints

Pollution Prevention

Sustainability and the Triple Bottom Line

Acronyms

Units

References

Benefits of Energy and Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Minimization

Introduction

Environmental Benefits

Economic Benefits

Corporate Image Benefits

Personal and Social Benefits

References

Environmental Laws and Regulations

Introduction

The U.S. Clean Air Act

The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990

Energy Policy Act of 2005

American Clean Energy and Security Act

Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule

Kyoto Protocol

References

CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS METHODS

Standards for Carbon Footprint Analysis

Introduction

Product-Based Standards

Activity-Based Standards

Iterative Carbon Management Steps

References

GHG Protocol

Introduction

GHG Protocol Overview

The GHG Protocol’s Overarching Principles

Greenhouse Gases

Boundary Setting

Organizational Boundary Setting

Operational Boundary Setting

Temporal Boundary Setting

References

Metrics and Performance Measurement for Carbon Footprint Analyses

Introduction

Greenhouse Gas Emission Measurement

Business and Financial Measurement

Customer and Stakeholder Satisfaction Measurements

Reference

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Calculators Available on the Internet

Overview of Calculators and Comparisons

American Forests

Bonneville Environmental Foundation

Clearwater

The Conservation Fund

Green Mountain Energy

TerraPass

The U.S. Department of Energy—Home Energy Saver

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)

Carbon Footprints of Some Entities

Introduction

Carbon Footprint of Persons, Organizations, and Nations

Embedded Carbon of Products

References

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION

Introduction: The System Approach to Carbon Footprint and Energy Reduction

The Six Sigma Systems Approach for Deployment

Introduction

Define Stage

Measure

Analyze

Improve

Control

Summary

References

Deployment Alternatives

Introduction

Choosing a Waste Minimization Provider or Partner

Essential Elements of the Deployment Plan

Creating a Successful Project Launch

Introduction

Executive Leadership

Strategic Goals

Resources

Metrics

Culture

Communications

Lessons Learned

Summary

Reference

The General Approach to Greenhouse Gas and Energy Analyses

Introduction to the Systems Approach Framework

Establish the Team and Define the Project (Step 1)

Existing Records Review (Step 2)

Process Mapping and Production Analysis (Step 3)

On-Site Data Collection (Step 4)

Data Analysis (Step 5)

Identify Minimization Opportunities (Step 6)

Determine, Evaluate, and Select Alternatives (Step 7)

Documentation and the Deployment Plan (Step 8)

Implementation and Execution (Step 9)

Validate the Program versus Goals (Step 10)

Monitor and Continually Improve Performance (Step 11)

Employee Training

Introduction

Strategy

Agendas for Training

CASE STUDIES

Higher Education Carbon Management

Organizations and Programs That Encourage and Support Carbon Footprint Analysis and Management

Case Study of the University of Toledo

References

Energy Analysis and Minimization in Manufacturing

Introduction

Methodology

Data Analysis

Cost Savings Opportunities/Recommendations

Recommendations and Summary

Energy Analysis and Minimization in Health Care

Introduction and Background

Methodology

Lighting Results

Lighting Recommendations

Economic Analysis of Lighting Recommendations

Environmental Impact

Other Areas for Energy Reduction

References

Energy Analysis in Minimization in Construction and Manufacturing

Background

Methodology

Data Analysis

Cost-Saving Opportunities

Recommendations and Summary

Index

About the Series

Systems Innovation Book Series

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
NAT010000
NATURE / Ecology
TEC009000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Engineering (General)
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General
TEC020000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Manufacturing