This book assesses the political, economic and geopolitical dynamics that China’s presence has initiated throughout Latin America and the Caribbean between 2008 and 2020.
Written by experts across three continents, contributions to this edited volume explore the bilateral relations that China has developed with almost all Latin American and Caribbean countries, charting both the benefits they have brought and the problems that these relations have created for local actors. The book analyses the emergence of new forms of "dependence", considers issues such as the existence of a deindustrialization phenomenon throughout Latin America and ultimately questions whether China and the United States are engaged in a zero-sum game in the region. It also investigates challenges that the densification of the web of China’s relations and exchanges with Latin America and the Caribbean countries pose; not only to the United States and European countries, as traditional partners of these states, but also to Latin American regionalism.
Including an extensive set of case studies and local, regional and global-level analysis, China-Latin America and the Caribbean provides an empirically rich resource for students and scholars of Chinese foreign and economic policy, Latin America, the Caribbean and wider geopolitics.
Table of Contents
Part 1: CHINA-LATIN AMERICAN AND THE CARIBBEAN RELATIONSHIPS: WHAT IS AT STAKE?
1. The Opportunities and Challenges of the BRI in Latin America: A view from China
2. Latin America’s current socioeconomic relationship with China: Conditions and challenges. The case for China’s overseas foreign direct investment in Latin America
Enrique Dussel Peters
3. The People’s Republic of China’s South–South Relations with the Mercosur countries: Regionalism at issue facing the win–win principle
Lincoln Bizzozero Revelez
4. Is China’s economic expansion responsible for pushing Latin America back in the periphery of the World Economy?
Jean-Christophe Defraigne, David Villalobos
5. China as a competitor of the European Union in Latin America
Part 2: CASE STUDIES: CHINA-SOUTH AMERICA
6. Brazilian Foreign Policy to China in the 21st Century (2003-2019): Trends, Transitions and Implications
Danielly Ramos Becard, Antônio Carlos Lessa
7. China-Argentina: A new core-periphery relationship
8. The triangular relation between China, the United States and Venezuela
Ana Soliz de Stange
9. Chinese trade and investments in Bolivia during Evo Morales administrations. South-South or dependency relations?
Valeria Marina Valle
10. The China-Peru Relationship under the new China’s Economic Paradigm
Part 3: CASE STUDIES: CHINA-CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
11. China-Central American Relationship in the Context of Tensions Between China, Russia and the United States
Carlos Murillo Zamora
12. The rise of China in Panama under Varela (2014–2019): A new Latin-American pivot of the Silk Road or a ‘tour de valse’?
Thierry Kellner, Sophie Wintgens
13. Geopolitics in Central America: China and El Salvador in the 21st Century
14. The intensification of China’s presence in the insular Caribbean: The case of Cuba
Thierry Kellner is Doctor in International Relations at the Graduate Institute of International Studies in Geneva. He is Lecturer in the Department of Political Science at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB). He is associated with several ULB research centres (REPI, EASt, OMAM, CECID, IEE) and the Group for Research and Information on Peace and Security (GRIP, Brussels).
Sophie Wintgens (PhD) is Lecturer at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and at the Centre d’études sur la Chine moderne et contemporaine of the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS). She is also associated with several ULB (CEVIPOL, AmericaS) and ULiège (CEFIR) research centres.