Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives

Biological Activities and Applications, 1st Edition

Edited by Se-Kwon Kim

CRC Press

666 pages | 257 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2010-07-14
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Description

Biopolymers found in marine animals and plants offer tremendous, largely untapped pharmaceutical potential. Research shows that these biopolymers can be used to combat various infectious as well as inflammatory, oxidative, and carcinogenic factors. Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications covers the key aspects of these therapeutically valuable biopolymers and their derivatives, namely, their properties, sources, production, and applications in food science and technology as well as biological, biomedical, industrial, and agricultural fields.

Contains more than 100 Tables & Figures and more than 800 References

Written by 40 international contributors who are leading experts in the field of natural biomaterials, this book provides an overview of the sources and production of chitin and chitosan derivatives. It also covers their:

  • Physical and chemical aspects
  • Structural modifications for biomedical applications
  • Biological activities, in particular, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antihypertensive, anticancer, and antidiabetic activities
  • Biomedical applications, including their possible implications as drug, vaccine, and gene carriers
  • Industrial and agricultural applications

With their wide range of applications, the world is looking to biopolymers to serve as the basis for functional food- and drug development. This book is an important resource for those leading this effort.

Table of Contents

THE SOURCES AND PRODUCTION OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES

Chitin and Chitosan from Terrestrial Organisms

Nitar Nwe, Tetsuya Furuike, and Hiroshi Tamura

Chitin and Chitosan from Marine Organisms

Wolfram M. Brück, John W. Slater, and Brian F. Carney

Chitin and Chitosan from Microorganisms

Zorica Knezevic-Jugovic, Zivomir Petronijevic, and Andrija Smelcerovic

Enzymatic Production of Chitin from Crustacean Shell Waste

Gyung-Hyun Jo, Ro-Dong Park, and Woo-Jin Jung

Continuous Production of Chitooligosaccharides by Enzymatic Hydrolysis

Se-Kwon Kim and Jae-Young Je

Biosynthesis of Cellulose–Chitosan Composite

Muenduen Phisalaphong, Nirun Jatupaiboon, and Jeerun Kingkaew

PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES

Chemical Derivatization of Chitosan for Plasmid DNA Delivery: Present and Future

Wing-Fu Lai and Marie Chin-Mi Lin

X-Ray Diffraction Studies of Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Derivatives

Waldemar Maniukiewicz

Mechanical Properties of Chitosan and Chitosan–Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Blend Films

Masaru Matsuo, Yumiko Nakano, Teruo Nakashima, and Yuezhen Bin

Electrostatic Properties of Chitosan

Won Jong Kim

Applications of Mass Spectrometry to Analyze Structure and Bioactivity of Chitooligosaccharides

Martin G. Peter and Marcos N. Eberlin

The Use of Various Types of NMR and IR Spectroscopy for Structural Characterization of Chitin and Chitosan

Mohammad Reza Kasaai

STRUCTURAL MODIFICATIONS OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES

Chemical Modifications of Chitosan Intended for Biomedical Applications

Mani Prabaharan and Ashutosh Tiwari

Enzymatic Modifications of Chitin and Chitosan

Yong Zhao, Wan-Taek Ju, and Ro-Dong Park

BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES

Antimicrobial Activity of Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Oligosaccharides

Joydeep Dutta and Pradip Kumar Dutta

Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Derivatives

Moon-Moo Kim and Se-Kwon Kim

Chitosan Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

Riccardo A.A. Muzzarelli

Antioxidative Activity of Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Derivatives

Pyo-Jam Park, Sushruta Koppula, and Se-Kwon Kim

Effects of Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Derivatives on Human Hemostasis

Se-Kwon Kim and Won-Kyo Jung

Antihypertensive Actions of Chitosan and Its Derivatives

Jae-Young Je and Chang-Bum Ahn

Anticancer Activity and Therapeutic Applications of Chitosan Nanoparticles

Hang T. Ta, Dave E. Dunstan, and Crispin R. Dass

Antidiabetic Activity and Cholesterol-Lowering Effect

Chang-Suk Kong and Se-Kwon Kim

BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES

Chitin/Chitosan Oligosaccharides: Effective Substrates for Functional Analysis of Chitinases/Chitosanases

Takayuki Ohnuma and Tamo Fukamizo

Low-Molecular-Weight Water-Soluble Chitosan with Free Amine Group for Drug Delivery

Mi-Kyeong Jang and Jae-Woon Nah

Chitosan/Chitosan Derivatives as Carriers and Immunoadjuvants in Vaccine Delivery

Suresh P. Vyas, Rishi Paliwal, and Shivani R. Paliwal

Chitosan-Conjugated DNA Nanoparticle Delivery Systems for Gene Therapy

R. Jayakumar, K. P. Chennazhi, S. V. Nair, Tetsuya Furuike, and Hiroshi Tamura

Chitinolytic Enzymes from the Moderately Thermophilic Bacterium Ralstonia sp. A-471: Characterization and Application

Mitsuhiro Ueda

Chitosan and Chitosan Derivatives as DNA and siRNA Carriers

Hu-Lin Jiang, Yun-Jaie Choi, Myung-Haing Cho, and Chong-Su Cho

Metabolic Pathway of Chitin and Its Oligosaccharides in Marine Bacterium Vibrios

Jae Kweon Park, Nemat O. Keyhani, and Saul Roseman

Medical Applications of Chitin and Chitosan: Going Forward

Eugene Khor

Radiation Functionalization and Applications of Chitosan and Its Derivatives

Maolin Zhai, Long Zhao, Ling Huang, Ling Xu, Liyong Yuan, and Min Wang

Applications of Chitosan Oligosaccharide and Glucosamine in Dentistry

Yoshihiko Hayashi

Applications of Chitosan and Its Derivatives in Veterinary Medicine

Sevda S¸enel

INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES

Separation Membranes from Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives

Tadashi Uragami

Hydrophobically Modified Acylated Chitosan Particles for Drug Delivery Applications: An Overview

R. Shelma and Chandra P. Sharma

Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Derivatives in Beverage Industry

Aurélie Bornet and Pierre-Louis Teissedre

Chitin Nanofibrils and Their Derivatives as Cosmeceuticals

P. Morganti

Chitin, Chitosan, and Their Oligosaccharides in Food Industry

Janak K. Vidanarachchi, Maheshika S. Kurukulasuriya, and Se-Kwon Kim

Chitin/Chitosan and Derivatives for Wastewater Treatment

P. N. Sudha

AGRICULTURAL AND BIOTECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS OF CHITIN AND CHITOSAN AND THEIR DERIVATIVES

Chitin, Chitosan Derivatives Induced the Production of Secondary Metabolites and Plant Development through In Vitro and In Vivo Techniques

Abdul Bakrudeen Ali Ahmed and Se-Kwon Kim

Mechanism and Application of Chitin/Chitosan and Their Derivatives in Plant Protection

Heng Yin and Yuguang Du

Enhancing Crop Production with Chitosan and Its Derivatives

Nguyen Anh Dzung

About the Editor

Se-Kwon Kiro, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Chemistry Director, Marine Bioprocess Research Center, Pukyong National University, Busan, South Korea

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MED009000
MEDICAL / Biotechnology
SCI013040
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Organic
TEC012000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Food Science