1st Edition

Citizenship Education and the Personalization of Democracy

By Hubert J.M. Hermans, Rob Bartels Copyright 2021
    220 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    220 Pages 38 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The core message of this educational book is that democracy is, more than ever before, in need of the personal contribution of engaged citizens. Democracy is viable only if it is rooted in the hearts and minds of citizens who feel responsible not only for their own well-being, but also for the quality of social relationships in a society with marked differences in race, religion, culture, and gender.

    Three basic features define personalized democracy: A critical attitude not only towards others but also towards oneself; learning not only from others but also from oneself; and participation in society with attention to the contradictive nature of one’s own mind. The authors emphasize that the development of personalized democracy and global citizenship requires participation at different identity levels: I as individual, we as members of social groups, we as part of humanity, and we as part of the earth. Written for future teachers at secondary level, the book contains dialogical self theory, research and a wide range of exercises.

    PART 1: OPPOSITION;   1. I-positions: who are you and where are you?;    2. Are you tolerant vis-à-vis alternative viewpoints?;    3. Suspension of judgement: why is it so difficult?;   4. Flexible change of perspective: becoming a dancer;   5. Meta positions: look at yourself as if from a helicopter in the sky;   6. Tolerance for uncertainty: helpful or unhelpful?;   7. Emotion and reason: can they hold hands?;  Epilogue Part 1;   Quiz Part 1;   PART 2: COOPERATION;   8. Learning from yourself;   9. The power of listening;   10. When values matter;   11. Depolarizing of opposition;   12. From debate to dialogue;   13. Empathy: a frequently used word, but difficult to express;   Epilogue Part 2;   Quiz Part 2;   PART 3: PARTICIPATION;   14. Four levels of identity: are you just an individual or more than that?;    15. From group identity to human identity: what does it mean when you call yourself "human"?;   16. Are we masters of the earth or part of it?;    17. How can we promote inner democracy?;    18. What obstructs our inner democracy?;   Epilogue Part 3;   Quiz Part 3


    Hubert J.M. Hermans is professor emeritus of psychology at Radboud University of Nijmegen, The Netherlands. He is honorary president of the International Society for Dialogical Science and creator of Dialogical Self Theory. For his scientific merits he was decorated as Knight in the Order of the Netherlands Lion. He is first author of more than 200 books and articles in scientific journals.

    Rob Bartels is a lecturer and teacher trainer in Philosophy and Educational Sciences. He wrote his PhD dissertation on the subject of The Contribution of Philosophy with Children to Democratic Education.

    This book’s power lies in its central theme of personalizing and humanizing democracy, of removing it from its pedestal of abstraction and positioning it in the daily life of its key stakeholders—youth who will be responsible for keeping democracy vital in these troubled times. The authors argue that actions fundamental to the flourishing of democracy—opposition, cooperation, and participation—not only need to manifest outside the self, but also within and at the boundary of self and other. Ultimately, they provide students with a means to engage democracy, and not merely admire, or worse, take for granted its tenets.

    Bob Fecho, Professor of English Education, Teachers College, Columbia University, USA.

    We cannot enact democracy if we have no vital self-connection to it and this is painfully evident in current society. This book fills a void in educational literature and will offer crucial inspiration to students and educators in global citizenship education. Clear forms of self-reflection are rarely discussed in education while it is necessary for protecting freedoms and security within a society. Prejudice, stereotyping, and violence can be interrupted and transformed only when we cultivate an internal dialogue and unearth our own faulty thinking. This book provides the dialogical identity concepts and practices foundational for democratic citizenship.

    Reinekke Lengelle, Assistant Professor Athabasca University and senior researcher The Hague University.

    Achieving a more democratic society begins with oneself. Based on this intriguing premise, the creator of the Dialogical Self Theory and his colleague invite us to go through a stimulating self-learning process. Starting from our own experiences, the book invites us to question, evaluate, and foster our democratic attitude as citizens. An essential book for all educational agents who realize that building more democratic societies consists of stimulating students to develop more responsible, tolerant, and self-critical minds.

    Carles Monereo, full professor of Educational Psychology at Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.