This book investigates how French Romanticism was shaped by and contributed to colonial discourses of race. It studies the ways in which metropolitan Romantic novels—that is, novels by French authors such as Victor Hugo, George Sand, Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, François René de Chateaubriand, Claire de Duras, and Prosper Mérimée—comprehend and construct colonized peoples, fashion French identity in the context of colonialism, and record the encounter between Europeans and non-Europeans. While the primary texts that come under investigation in the book are novels, close attention is paid to Romantic fiction’s interdependence with naturalist treatises, travel writing, abolitionist texts, and ethnographies.
Colonialism, Race, and the French Romantic Imagination is one of the first books to carry out a sustained and comprehensive analysis of the French Romantic novel’s racial imagination that encompasses several sites of colonial contact: the Indian Ocean, North America, the Caribbean, West Africa, and France. Its archival research and interdisciplinary approach shed new light on canonical texts and expose the reader to non-canonical ones. The book will be useful to students and academics involved with Romanticism, colonial historians, students and scholars of transatlantic studies and postcolonial studies, as well as those interested in questions of race and colonialism.
Note on Translations
Introduction: Shaping the Colonial Subject in the Romantic Age
1. The White Native
Insularity, "Indigenism" and Incest: the Paradoxes of Paul et Virginie
2. The Métis
Plotting Colonial Intimacies: the Miscegenated Subjects of the Romantic Novel
3. The Disciplined Savage
Old Losses, New Constructs: Chateaubriand and the Reinvention of the American Indian
4. The Black Aristocrat
Ourika, or, Comment peut-on être noire?
5. The Rebellious Slave
Black Spartacus: Colonial Revolt and Romantic Masculinities
Epilogue: The Legacy of Romantic Colonialism