This collection of original essays explores metaethical views from outside the mainstream European tradition. The guiding motivation is that important discussions about the ultimate nature of morality can be found far beyond ancient Greece and modern Europe. The volume’s aim is to show how rich the possibilities are for comparative metaethics, and how much these comparisons offer challenges and new perspectives to contemporary analytic metaethics. Representing five continents, the thinkers discussed range from ancient Egyptian, ancient Chinese, and the Mexican (Aztec) cultures to more recent thinkers like Augusto Salazar Bondy, Bimal Krishna Matilal, Nishida Kitarō, and Susan Sontag. The philosophical topics discussed include religious language, moral discovery, moral disagreement, essences’ relation to evaluative facts, metaphysical harmony and moral knowledge, naturalism, moral perception, and quasi-realism. This volume will be of interest to anyone interested in metaethics or comparative philosophy.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Moral Metaphysics
1. The Metaethics of Maat
2. The Groundedness of Normativity or Indigenous Normativity through the Land
Brian Yazzie Burkhart
3. The Nature of Mexica Ethics
4. Etemeyaske Vpokat (Living Together Peacefully): How the Muscogee Concept of Harmony Can Provide a Structure to Morality
Joseph Len Miller
5. Species and the Good in Anne Conway’s Metaethics
6. The Art of Convention: An Aesthetic Defense of Confucian Ritual
7. Matilal’s Metaethics
Nicolas Bommarito and Alex King
Part 2: Moral Experience
8. Goblet Words and Moral Knack: Non-Cognitivist Moral Realism in the Zhuangzi?
9. Constructing Morality with Mengzi: Three Lessons on the Metaethics of Moral Progress
Jing Hu and Seth Robertson
10. Nishida Kitarō’s Kōiteki Chokkan: Active Intuition and Contemporary Metaethics
Laura Specker Sullivan
11. Augusto Salazar Bondy’s Philosophy of Value
12. Sontag on Impertinent Sympathy and Photographs of Evil
Sean T. Murphy
Colin Marshall is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Washington, USA. His research focuses on the intersection of historical and contemporary philosophy of mind and metaethics. He is the author of Compassionate Moral Realism (2018).