Comparative Paradiplomacy: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Comparative Paradiplomacy

1st Edition

By Jorge A Schiavon

Routledge

222 pages | 6 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781138540866
pub: 2018-12-10
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Description

Studying paradiplomacy comparatively, this book explains why and how sub-state governments (SSG) conduct their international relations (IR) with external actors, and how federal authorities and local governments coordinate, or not, in the definition and implementation of the national foreign policy.

Sub-state diplomacy plays an increasingly influential international role as regions, federal states, provinces and cities seek to promote trade, investments, cooperation and partnership on a range of issues. This raises interesting new questions about the future of the state system. Schiavon conducts a comparative study of paradiplomacy in 11 federal systems which are representative of all the regions of the world, stages of economic development and degree of consolidation of their democratic institutions (Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, India, Mexico, Russia, South Africa and the United States). The author constructs a typology to measure and explain paradiplomacy based on domestic political institutions, especially constitutional provisions relating foreign affairs and the intergovernmental mechanisms for foreign policy decision making and implementation.

This comparative, systematic and theoretically based analysis of paradiplomacy between and within countries will be of interest to scholars and students of comparative politics, diplomacy, foreign policy, governance and federalism, as well as practitioners of diplomacy and paradiplomacy around the world.

Reviews

"Highly recommended for reading. The book offers the reader a comprehensive outlook on paradiplomacy. What makes the book even more fascinating is that the author does not limit his research endeavour to the "traditional" cases of paradiplomacy from the Global North but exposes the reader to a number of less known cases from the Global South –those case studies definitely enrich and boost the existing scholarship, and contribute to a stronger understanding of the theories of paradiplomacy." - Alexander Kuznetsov, Professor of Political Science, University of Alberta

"Comparative Paradiplomacy provides the most comprehensive survey available of the international relations of sub-national units in federated states. Jorge Schiavon is uniquely qualified to undertake this comparative study that covers ten federated states. The book offers compelling explanations for why the international activities of sub-national units have varied both over time and across countries. A must read for anyone interested in the complex behaviour of federated states in international relations." - John Ravenhill, Professor of Political Science and Director, Balsillie School of International Affairs

"Jorge Schiavon’s book on comparative paradiplomacy is an important and timely addition to the literature dealing with the international activities of sub-state governments such as U.S. and Mexican states, Canadian provinces, German lander, and their counterparts in various parts of the world. The book enriches contemporary international relations theory, as well as academic studies dealing with domestic governance and federalism in an evolving and increasingly complex global setting." - Earl H. Fry, Professor of Political Science, Brigham Young University

"This book does much to advance the systematic study of paradiplomacy in a comparative fashion. Schiavon’s analysis is theoretically informed and helps explain what drives actions by sub-state governments—a phenomenon that will continue in the future. His extensive study of Mexico and the comparative analysis to systems around the world will help guide future research, particularly on the differences related to institutional configurations. Schiavon, a long-time contributor to the scholarly literature, provides first-rate scholarship and is informed by many practitioners in this exciting field." - Samuel Lucas McMillan, Associate Professor of Political Science, Lander University

"Jorge Schiavon has produced a theoretically innovative and empirically solid comparative inquiry into the various manifestations of contemporary paradiplomacy. This is more than a welcome addition to academic literature; it represents a quantum leap in scholarship on paradiplomacy." - Deon Geldenhuys, Professor of Politics, University of Johannesburg

"Jorge Schiavon's book is the most comprehensive and thoughtful analysis on comparative paradiplomacy in recent times. Its main contribution to the literature is that it provides insightful concepts and theoretical tools to compare international relations of local governments around the world. The book also examines Mexico’s contemporary paradiplomacy, which is a cutting-edge topic for the country’s foreign policy. Certainly, Schiavon’s work is a must-read for anyone interested in local diplomacy matters." - Rafael Velazquez, Professor of International Relations, University of Baja California

"This book is an important and valuable contribution to the study of sub-state diplomacy. The chapters on Mexico in particular show impressive empirical depth and should serve as a model for data collection and theoretical insight about the international affairs of federal states and cities. Jorge Schiavon also advances scholarship on non-central governments in the Global South, which is a welcome and necessary addition." - Cristian Cantir, Assistant Professor of Political Science, Oakland University

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1: PARADIPLOMACY: CONCEPTS, DEFINITIONS, QUESTIONS AND HYPOTHESIS

Introduction

1.1. Concepts and definitions

1.2. Questions and hypothesis

Conclusions

CHAPTER 2: ANALYZING PARADIPLOMACY COMPARATIVELY AND THEORETICALLY

Introduction

2.1. Theories and Methodologies of IR to explain paradiplomacy comparatively

2.2. Federalism

2.2.1. The Origins of the Central-Local Division of Power

2.2.2. Types of Central-Local Division of Power

2.3. The Central-Local Division of Power: Institutional Configuration and Partisan Composition

2.4. Constitutional powers in international affairs and participation in foreign policy

Conclusions

CHAPTER 3: PARADIPLOMACY AROUND THE WORLD

Introduction

3.1. Inclusive countries

3.1.1. Belgium

3.1.3. Canada

3.1.4. Australia

3.2. Complementary countries

3.2.1. Argentina

3.2.2. Brazil

3.2.3. South Africa

3.2.4. United States of America

3.3. Exclusive countries

3.3.1. India

3.3.2. Russia

Conclusions

CHAPTER 4: PARADIPLOMACY IN MEXICO

Introduction

4.1. The international and domestic factors

4.2. Mexican constitutional and institutional design

4.3. The legal framework of Mexican paradiplomacy

4.4. Measuring and classifying paradiplomacy in Mexico

4.5. Comparatively analyzing paradiplomacy in Mexico

4.5.1. Economic factors: SSG income

4.5.2. Political variables: Juxtaposed government

4.5.3. Geography: Border location

Conclusions

CHAPTER 5: PARADIPLOMACY AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION THROUGH INTER-INSTITUTIONAL AGREEMENTS

Introduction

5.1. Measuring paradiplomacy through IIA

5.2. Increasing IIA in time

5.3. Partners and regions

5.4. Areas of cooperation

Conclusions

CHAPTER 6: PARADIPLOMACY IN MEXICO THROUGH THE EYES OF THE SSG INTERNATIONAL AGENCIES

Introduction

6.1. Asking the SSG public officials their perceptions

6.2. Institutional organization and capacities

6.3. Personnel and capacities

6.4. Legal and institutional framework

6.5. International and coordination activities

6.6. Domestic and international partners

6.7. Perceived challenges and strategies

6.8. Professionalization, knowledge and evaluation of paradiplomacy

Conclusions

CHAPTER 7: THE PARADIPLOMACY OF MEXICO CITY

Introduction

7.1. From López Obrador to Encinas

7.2. Ministries and administrative units of the Federal District in international affairs

7.3. Change of administration: change to an internationalist vocation

Conclusions

CONCLUSIONS

About the Author

Dr. Jorge A. Schiavon is Professor of International Relations at the International Studies Department, Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE).

About the Series

Federalism Studies

Federalism Studies
The end of the Cold War profoundly altered the dynamics between and within the various states in Europe and the rest of the World, resulting in a resurgence of interest in the concept of federalism. This shift in balance has been further fuelled by the increase in the number of conflicts arising from the disaffection of the diverse ethnic or religious minorities residing within these states (e.g. Sudan, Iraq). Globalization is forcing governments not only to work together, but also to reconsider their internal roles as guarantors of economic growth, with regions playing the major part. Federalism Studies offers academics a complete and in-depth understanding of federalism and intergovernmental relations in historical, theoretical and comparative contexts. Intended to be international and interdisciplinary in scope, the books in the series are designed to build a common framework for the constructive analysis of federalism. Contributions are welcome on topics which explore federalism as a theory; as a political system and as a form of conflict management.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
POL000000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / General
POL009000
POLITICAL SCIENCE / Government / Comparative