Concrete Construction Engineering Handbook: 2nd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Concrete Construction Engineering Handbook

2nd Edition

Edited by Edward G. Nawy

CRC Press

1,584 pages | 994 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2008-06-24
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Description

The first edition of this comprehensive work quickly filled the need for an in-depth handbook on concrete construction engineering and technology. Living up to the standard set by its bestselling predecessor, this second edition of the Concrete Construction Engineering Handbook covers the entire range of issues pertaining to the construction and design of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures.

New and Updated Topics Include —

· The latest advances in engineered concrete materials and special concrete applications including architectural concrete

· Reinforced concrete construction and recommendations on the vast array of types of constructed facilities

· Specialized construction techniques, including the latest provisions of the 2006 International Building Code (IBC) on the design of structures in high seismicity zones

· Design recommendations for high performance and proportioning of concrete structural elements by the latest ACI 318-08 Building Code

· New materials, design of precast seismic bracing systems, and aesthetics of long-span bridge construction

Put 1200 Years of Experience to Work

This new edition contains ten new chapters on the state of the art in emerging areas of concrete construction and design engineering by leading experts. Each chapter examines its topic with detail and depth of discussion and culminates with an extensive list of selected references for the user to consult beyond the scope of the handbook. The thirty-seven contributors are national or international leaders in research, design, and construction with a combined professional practice of at least 1,200 years. The wealth of up-to-date knowledge they provide allows you to design constructed concrete structures that are vastly better, more efficient, and longer enduring.

Reviews

"This book, edited by Edward G. Nawy, reflects the very latest state of the art on just about everything involving concrete. It encompasses all the vital tools necessary for the engineering construction of concrete facilities and answers the problems faced in the design office and in the field pertaining to concrete construction . . . It’s an indispensable resource for design engineers, construction engineers, field personnel, materials researchers, and civil engineering students and faculty."

– In Concrete International, Vol. 30, No. 12

Table of Contents

Concrete Constituent Materials, S. Mindess

Introduction

Portland Cement

Modified Portland Cements

High-Alumina Cement

1Performance of Different Cements in Concrete

Water

Water/Cement Ratio

Aggregates

Reinforcement

Durability Considerations

Mineral Admixtures, V.M. Malhotra

Fly Ash

Blast-Furnace Slag

Silica Fume

Highly Reactive Metakaolin

Chemical Admixtures, D.P. Whitney

Introduction to Chemical Admixtures

Retarding Admixtures

Water-Range Water-Reducing Admixtures

High-range Water-Reducing Admixtures

Accelerating Admixtures

Air-Entraining Admixtures

Antifreezing Admixtures

Antiwashout Admixtures

Shrinkage-Reducing Admixtures

Polymer Modifiers and Binder Systems

Alkali Silica Reaction Prevention admixtures

Conclusion

Long Term Effects and Serviceability, E.G. Nawy and H. Nassif

Creep Deformations in Concrete

Creep Prediction

Shrinkage in Concrete

Strength and Elastic Properties of Concrete versus Time

Serviceability Long-Term Considerations

Serviceability Long-term Considerations

Long-term Shrinkage and temperature Reinforcement Controlling Cracking

Autogenous Shrinkage

Properties and Performance of Normal-Strength and High-Strength Concrete, S.H. Kosmatka

Introduction

Workability, Bleeding, and Consolidation

Mixing, Transporting, and Placing Concrete

Permeability

Carbonation

Early Age Characteristics and Strength

Density

Abrasion Resistance

Volume Change and Crack Control

Deformation and Creep

Concrete Ingredients

Proportioning of Concrete Mixtures

Hot and Cold Weather Concreting

Control Tests

Freeze-Thaw and Deicer Scaling Resistance

Sulfate-Resistant Concrete

Corrosion Protection

Alkali-Silica Reaction

Related Standards

Part A: Design of Concrete Mixtures, E.G. Nawy

General

Selection of Constituent Materials

Mixture Proportioning for High-Performance Normal-Strength Concrete (Compressive Cylinder Strength Limit 6000 psi)

Mixture Proportioning for High-Performance High-Strength Concrete (Cylinder Compressive Strength Exceeding 6000 psi)

Part B: Applications and Constructability, J. Moreno and J. Albinger

Applications and Constructability with an Emphasis on High-Strength High-Performance Concrete

Job-Site Control

Testing

Design and Construction of Concrete Formwork, D.W. Johnston

Introduction

Types of Formwork

Formwork Standards and Recommended Practices

Loads and Pressure on Formwork

Formwork Design Criteria

Formwork Design

Slab-Form Design Example

Wall-Form Design Example

Construction Loading in High-Rise Buildings, S. K. Ghosh

Introduction

Construction Loads

Properties of Concrete at Early Ages

Strength Consequences of Construction Loads

Serviceability Consequences of Construction Loads

Codes and Standards

Deflection of Concrete Members, R.S. Fling and A. Scanlon

Introduction

Elastic Calculation Methods

Other Calculation Considerations

Factors Affecting Deflection

Reducing Deflection of Concrete Members

Allowable Deflections

Structural Concrete Systems, S.W. McConnel

Overview

Building Loads

Composite Steel-Concrete Construction

Foundations

Structural Frames

Concrete Slab and Plate Systems

Liquid Containing Structures

Mass Concrete

On-Site Precasting—Tilt-Up Construction

Lift-Site Construction

Slip-Form Construction

Prestressed Concrete

Construction of Prestressed Concrete, B.C. Gerwick

Introduction

Concrete and Its Components

Reinforcement and Prestressing Systems

Special Provisions for Prestressed Concrete Construction

Post-tensioning Technology

Pretensioning Technology

Prestressed Concrete Building

Prestressed Concrete Bridges

Prestressed Concrete Piling

Tanks and Other Circular Structures

Prestressed Concrete Sleepers (Ties)

Prestressed Concrete Floating Structures

Prestressed Concrete Pavements

Maintenance, Repair, and Strengthening of Existing Prestressed Concrete Structures

Demolition of Prestressed Concrete Structures

The Future of Prestressed Concrete Construction

Unbonded Post-tensioning in Building Construction, F.G. Bath

Developments in Unbonded Post-tensioning

General Notes and Standard Details

Evaluation and Rehabilitation of Building Structures

Demolition of Post-tensioned Structures

Concrete for Offshore Structures, G.C. Hoff

Introduction

Types of Concrete Structures

Concrete Quality

Concrete Materials

Concrete Properties

Design Considerations

Safety Considerations

Construction Practices

Construction Locations

Marine Operations

Cost Considerations

Summary

Foundations for Concrete Structures, M. Gunaratne

Foundation Engineering

Site Exploration

Shallow Footings

Mat Footings

Retaining Walls

Pile Foundations

Caissons and Drilled Piers

Special Construction Applications, H. Najm

Introduction

Preplaced-Aggregate Concrete

Underwater Concrete

Vacuum Processing

Portland Cement Plaster Construction

Self Consolidating Concrete (SCC)

Mass Concrete

Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC)

Structural Concrete Repair, R.W. Poston

Introduction

Limit States Design for Repair

Evaluation

Structural Implications

Repair Principles

Repair of Unbonded Post-tensioned Concrete Structures

Construction Issues

Long-Term Repair Performance

Case Study

Joints in Concrete Structures, E.G. Nawy

Introduction

Construction Joints

Contraction Joints

Expansion Joints

Joints in Slabs on Grade and Pavements

Pavements

Automation in Concrete Construction, Miroslaw, J. Skibniewski and R. Kunigahalli

Categories of Construction Automation

Automated Construction Equipment and Related Hardware

Economics and Management of Robots

Computer-Aided Design (CAD)

Conclusion and Future Activities

Equipment for Concrete Building Construction, A. Shapira

Introduction

Equipment Selection, General, Example, Soft Considerations

Concrete Equipment: Concrete Mixers, Concrete Pumps, Power Trowels

Cranes: Tower Cranes, Mobile Cranes, Cranes in the Electronic Age

Truck Loaders

Belt Conveyors

Material Handlers

Hoists and Lifts

Mechanized Form Systems

Roller-Compacted Concrete, E.K. Schrader

Introduction

Advantages and Disadvantages

Aggregates and Mixture Proportions

Material Properties

Design

Construction

Nondestructive Test Methods, N.J. Carino

Introduction

Methods to Estimate In-Place Strength

Methods for Flaw Detection and Condition Assessment

Concluding Remarks

Part A: Fiber-Reinforced Concrete (FRC), E.G. Nawy

Historical Development

General Characteristics

Mixture Proportioning

Mechanics of Fiber Reinforcement

Mechanical Properties of Fibrous Concrete Structural Elements

Steel Fiber Reinforced Cement Composites

Prestressed Concrete Prism Elements as the Main Composite Reinforcement in Concrete Beams

Part B: Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP), E.G. Nawy

Historical Development

Beams and Two-Way Slabs Reinforced with GFRP Bars

Carbon Fibers and Composite Reinforcement

First Resistance

Summary   

Bonded Concrete Overlays, M.M. Sprinkel

Introduction

Key Issues for Successful Bonded HCC Overlays

Other Issues: Rapid Construction of Overlays, Overlays Cost, Service Life

Summary

Engineered Cementitious Composites (ECC) – Mechanical and Durability Properties, V.C. Li

Historical development

General Considerations– The Family of ECC Materials. Tensile Characteristics. Design Consideration. Compressive and Flexural Characteristics

Mixture Proportioning, Material Processing and Quality Control

Mechanical Properties of ECC Structural Elements – Structural Response of R/ECC Elements.

Insight from R/ECC Element Response.

Durability of ECC and ECC Structural Elements – Material and Element Durability. ECC Durability Under Various Environments. Durability of R/ECC. Long Term Performance

Concluding Remarks

Design and Construction of Fiber Plastics Structures, L.C. Bank

Introduction

Design of FRP Reinforced concrete members

Design of FRP Strengthened Concrete Members

Summary

Geopolymer Concrete, V. Rangan

Introduction

Polymers

Constituents of Geopolymer Concrete

Mixture Proportions for Geoploymer Concrete

Mixing, Casting and Compaction of geopolymer Concrete

Curing of Geopolymer Concrete

Design of Geopolymer Concrete Mixtures

Short-Term Properties of Geopolymer Concrete

Long-Term Properties of Geopolymer Concrete

Reinforced Geopolymer Concrete Beams and Columns

Economic benefits of Geopolymer Concrete

Concluding remarks

Performance Evaluation of Structures, R.A. Miller

Introduction

ACI 318-05 Provisions on Strength Evaluation of Existing Structures

Pretest Planning for Reliable Structural Evaluation

Nondestructive Testing for Material and Structural Assessment

Static / Quasi-static Load Testing

A Discussion of Instrumentation and Data Acquisition

Case Studies in Performance Evaluation of Concrete Structures

Masonry design and Construction, J.J. Thompson

Introduction

Masonry Design and Construction Codes and Standards

Definitions

Materials

Construction

Testing and Inspection

General Detailing

Project Specifications

Structural Design

Summary

Aesthetics in Construction and Design of Long Span Prestressed Concrete Bridges, L. Figg

Aesthetics of Concrete Bridges – Introduction. Bridge Aesthetics. Signature Design. Definition of Design Principles

Conceptual Design – Alignmnet. Span Length. Structural Depth. Span to Depth Ratio Superstructure and Substructure Shapes

Environmental Sensitivity – Protecting the Natural Environment. Context Sensitive Design

Construction Methods – Span by Span. Cable-Stayed Bridges. Urban Environments

Concrete Bridge Shapes for Construction  - Superstructure Shape. Pier Shape. Underside Appearance. Creating Shadows

Concrete Aesthetics Features – Introduction to Color and Texture. Overall Bridge Color and Texture. Opportunities for Aesthetic Treatments. Use of Native Materials

Design Details – Concrete Barriers/New Vistas. Drainage. Utilities. Aesthetic Lighting. Landscaping. Innovative Technologies. Artistic Details

Architectural Concrete, A.R. Kenney, S. Freedman, and J. Shilstone, Jr.

History of Architectural Cast-in-Place Concrete

History of Architectural Precast Concrete

Applications

Planning

Materials—Mixture Design

Color and Texture

Construction—Cast-in-Place Concrete

Production and Installation of Precast Elements

Finish Cleanup

Acceptability of Appearance

Innovations

Fire Resistance and Protection of Structures, J. Thompon and M.B. Hogan

Introduction

Fire Resistance Rating

Fire Protection of Joints

Finish Treatment

Fire Resistance of Columns

Steel Columns Protected by Masonry

Fire Resistance of Lintels

Seismic Resisting Construction, W.M. Naja/Christofer Bane

Fundamentals of Earthquake Ground Motion

International building Code (IBC 2006)

Design and Construction of Concrete and Masonry Buildings

Seismic Retrofit of Existing Buildings

Seismic Analysis and Design of Bridge Structures

Retrofit of Earthquake-Damaged Bridges

Prefabricated Bridge Elements and Systems, M.M. Sprinkel

Practical Applications

Types of Elements

Construction Considerations

Looking Ahead

Design of Precast Seismic Bracing Systems. R.E. Englekirk

Introduction

Basic Concepts: The Development of a Strength Criterion; Creating an Effective Moment Transfer; Creating an Effective Shear Transfer

Precast Concrete Seismic Moment Resisting Ductile Frame System: Bolted Assemblages - Post-Tensioned Assemblages - Interior Beam-Column Joints - Post-Tensioned Assemblies (Hybrid System) - Bolted Assemblies (DDC)

The Conceptual Design Process. Bolted Systems - Post-Tensioned Systems

Concluding Remarks

Cracking Mitigation and Maintenance Considerations, F.G. Barth

Overview of Crack Mitigation

Member Selection

Crack Causes and Types

Crack Mitigation Measures

Crack Evaluation Summary

Maintenance

Proportioning Concrete Structural Elements by the ACI 318-08 Code. E.G. Nawy

Material characteristics

Structural Design Considerations

Strength Design of Reinforced Concrete Structures: Flexure Shear. Strut-and-Tie Proportioning of Deep Beams and Corbels. Torsional Strength. Compression Members. Two-Way Slabs and Plates. Crack and Deflection Control. Development of Reinforcement

Prestressed Concrete

Shear and Torsion in Prestressed Elements

Walls and Footings

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General