Consciousness and Moral Status: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Consciousness and Moral Status

1st Edition

By Joshua Shepherd


114 pages

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Hardback: 9781138221611
pub: 2018-05-29
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It seems obvious that phenomenally conscious experience is something of great value, and that this value maps onto a range of important ethical issues. For example, claims about the value of life for those in Permanent Vegetative State (PVS); debates about treatment and study of disorders of consciousness; controversies about end-of-life care for those with advanced dementia; and arguments about the moral status of embryos, fetuses, and non-human animals arguably turn on the moral significance of various facts about consciousness. However, though work has been done on the moral significance of elements of consciousness, such as pain and pleasure, little explicit attention has been devoted to the ethical significance of consciousness.

In this book Joshua Shepherd presents a systematic account of the value present within conscious experience. This account emphasizes not only the nature of consciousness, but also the importance of items within experience such as affect, valence, and the complex overall shape of particular valuable experiences. Shepherd also relates this account to difficult cases involving non-humans and humans with disorders of consciousness, arguing that the value of consciousness influences and partially explains the degree of moral status a being possesses, without fully determining it. The upshot is a deeper understanding of both the moral importance of phenomenal consciousness and its relations to moral status.

This book will be of great interest to philosophers and students of ethics, bioethics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of mind, and cognitive science.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Preliminaries

1. Introduction

2. Preliminaries: Consciousness

3. Preliminaries: Value

4. Preliminaries: Moral Status

Part 2: An Account of Phenomenal Value

5. What it is like and beyond

6. Evaluative phenomenal properties

7. The importance of phenomenal character

8. Contra Moore on an Important Point

9. Hedonism about the Value within Consciousness

10. The Bearers of Phenomenal Value

11. Thick Experiences

12. Meta-evaluative Properties

13. Evaluative Spaces, Part 1

14. Evaluative Spaces, Part 2

15. How Far We Have Come

Part 3: Moral Status and Difficult Cases

16. Moral Status: Machines and Post-Persons

17. Moral Status: The Other Animals

18. Moral Status: Human Cases.


About the Author

Joshua Shepherd is Assistant Professor in the Philosophy Department at Carleton University, Canada, and Research Professor at the University of Barcelona, Spain.

About the Series

Routledge Focus on Philosophy

Routledge Focus on Philosophy is an exciting and innovative new series, capturing and disseminating some of the best and most exciting new research in philosophy in short book form. Peer reviewed and at a maximum of fifty thousand words shorter than the typical research monograph, Routledge Focus on Philosophy titles are available in both ebook and print on demand format. Tackling big topics in a digestible format the series opens up important philosophical research for a wider audience, and as such is invaluable reading for the scholar, researcher and student seeking to keep their finger on the pulse of the discipline. The series also reflects the growing interdisciplinarity within philosophy and will be of interest to those in related disciplines across the humanities and social sciences.

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