Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures

3rd Edition

By Ben C. Gerwick, Jr

CRC Press

840 pages | 577 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849330520
pub: 2007-03-05
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Description

For two decades, Ben Gerwick's ability to capture the current state of practice and present it in a straightforward, easily digestible manner has made Construction of Marine and Offshore Structures the reference of choice for modern civil and maritime construction engineers. The third edition of this perennial bestseller continues to be the most modern and authoritative guide in the field. Based on the author's lifetime of experience, the book also incorporates relevant published information from many sources.

Updated and expanded to reflect new technologies, methods, and materials, the book includes new information on topics such as liquefaction of loose sediments, scour and erosion, archaeological concerns, high-performance steel, ultra-high-performance concrete, steel H piles, and damage from sabotage and terrorism. It features coverage of LNG terminals and offshore wind and wave energy structures. Clearly, concisely, and accessibly, this book steers you away from the pitfalls and toward the successful implementation of principles that can bring your marine and offshore projects to life.

Reviews

"It is well written in a way that clearly explains the techniques and projects being described in a manner that makes for an interesting as well as educational reading."

– Books-On-Line, June 2007

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

General

Geography

Ecological Environment

Legal Jurisdiction

Offshore Construction Relationships and Sequences

Typical Marine Structures and Contracts

Interaction of Design and Construction

PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE CONSTRUCTION

General

Distances and Depths

Hydrostatic Pressure and Buoyancy

Temperature

Seawater and Sea-Air Interface Chemistry

Currents

Waves and Swells

Winds and Storms

Tides and Storm Surges

Rain, Snow, Fog, Spray, Atmospheric Icing, and Lightning

Sea Ice and Icebergs

Seismicity, Seaquakes, and Tsunamis

Floods

Scour

Siltation and Bed Loads

Sabotage and Terrorism

Ship Traffic

Fire and Smoke

Accidental Events

Global Warming

GEOTECHNICAL ASPECTS: SEAFLOOR AND MARINE SOILS

General

Dense Sands

Liquefaction of Soils

Calcareous Sands

Glacial Till and Boulders on Seafloor

Overconsolidated Silts

Subsea Permafrost and Clathrates

Weak Arctic Silts and Clays

Ice Scour and Pingos

Methane Gas

Muds and Clays

Coral and Similar Biogenic Soils; Cemented Soils, Cap Rock

Unconsolidated Sands

Underwater Sand Dunes ("Megadunes")

Bedrock Outcrops

Cobbles

Deep Gravel Deposits

Seafloor Oozes

Seafloor Instability and Slumping; Turbidity Currents

Scour and Erosion

Concluding Remarks

ECOLOGICAL AND SOCIETAL IMPACTS OF MARINE CONSTRUCTION

General

Oil and Petroleum Products

Toxic Chemicals

Contaminated Soils

Construction Wastes

Turbidity

Sediment Transport, Scour, and Erosion

Air Pollution

Marine Life: Mammals and Birds, Fish, and Other Biota

Aquifers

Noise

Highway, Rail, Barge, and Air Traffic

Protection of Existing Structures

Liquefaction

Safety of the Public and Third-Party Vessels

Archaeological Concerns

MATERIALS AND FABRICATION FOR MARINE STRUCTURES

General

Steel Structures for the Marine Environment

Structural Concrete

Hybrid Steel-Concrete Structures

Plastics and Synthetic Materials, Composites

Titanium

Rock, Sand, and Asphaltic-Bituminous Materials

MARINE AND OFFSHORE CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT

General

Basic Motions in a Seaway

Buoyancy, Draft, and Freeboard

Stability

Damage Control

Barges

Crane Barges

Offshore Derrick Barges (Fully Revolving)

Semisubmersible Barges

Jack-Up Construction Barges

Launch Barges

Catamaran Barges

Dredges

Pipe-Laying Barges

Supply Boats

Anchor-Handling Boats

Towboats

Drilling Vessels

Crew Boats

Floating Concrete Plant

Tower Cranes

Specialized Equipment

MARINE OPERATIONS

Towing

Moorings and Anchors

Handling Heavy Loads at Sea

Personnel Transfer at Sea

Underwater Intervention, Diving, Underwater Work Systems, Remote-Operated Vehicles (ROVs), and Manipulators

Underwater Concreting and Grouting

Offshore Surveying, Navigation, and Seafloor Surveys

Temporary Buoyancy Augmentation

SEAFLOOR MODIFICATIONS AND IMPROVEMENTS

General

Controls for Grade and Position

Seafloor Dredging, Obstruction Removal, and Leveling

Dredging and Removal of Hard Material and Rock

Placement of Underwater Fills

Consolidation and Strengthening of Weak Soils

Prevention of Liquefaction

Scour Protection

Concluding Remarks

INSTALLATION OF PILES IN MARINE AND OFFSHORE STRUCTURE

General

Fabrication of Tubular Steel Piles

Transportation of Piling

Installing Piles

Methods of Increasing Penetration

Insert Piles

Anchoring into Rock or Hardpan

Testing High Capacity Piles

Steel H Piles

Enhancing Stiffness and Capacity of Piles

Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Piles

Handling and Positioning of Piles for Offshore Terminals

Drilled and Grouted Piles

Cast-in-Drilled-Hole Piles, Drilled Shafts

Other Installation Experience

Installation in Difficult Soils

Other Methods of Improving the Capacity of Driven Piles

Slurry Walls, Secant Walls, and Tangent Walls

Steel Sheet Piles

Vibratory Pile Hammers

Micropiles

HARBOR, RIVER, AND ESTUARY STRUCTURES

General

Harbor Structures

River Structures

Foundations for Overwater Bridge Piers

Submerged Prefabricated Tunnels (Tubes)

Storm Surge Barriers

Flow-Control Structures

COASTAL STRUCTURES

General

Ocean Outfalls and Intakes

Breakwaters

Offshore Terminals

OFFSHORE PLATFORMS: STEEL JACKETS AND PIN PILES

General

Fabrication of Steel Jackets

Load-Out, Tie-Down, and Transport

Removal of Jacket from Transport Barge; Lifting; Launching

Upending of Jacket

Installation on the Seafloor

Pile and Conductor Installation

Deck Installation

Examples

CONCRETE OFFSHORE PLATFORMS: GRAVITY-BASE STRUCTURES

General

Stages of Construction

Alternative Concepts for Construction

Sub-Base Construction

Platform Relocation

Hybrid Concrete-Steel Platforms

PERMANENTLY FLOATING STRUCTURES

General

Fabrication of Concrete Floating Structures

Concrete Properties of Special Importance to Floating Structures

Construction and Launching

Floating Concrete Bridges

Floating Tunnels

Semi-Submersibles

Barges

Floating Airfields

Structures for Permanently Floating Service

Marinas

Piers for Berthing Large Ships

Floating Breakwaters

Mating Afloat

OTHER APPLICATIONS OF MARINE AND OFFSHORE CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY

General

Single-Point Moorings

Articulated Columns

Seafloor Templates

Underwater Oil Storage Vessels

Cable Arrays, Moored Buoys, and Seafloor Deployment

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion

Offshore Export and Import Terminals for Cryogenic Gas-LNG and LPG

Offshore Wind-Power Foundations

Wave-Power Structures

Tidal Power Stations

Barrier Walls

Breakwaters

INSTALLATION OF SUBMARINE PIPELINES

General

Conventional S-Lay Barge

Bottom-Pull Method

Reel Barge

Surface Float

Controlled Underwater Flotation (Controlled Subsurface Float)

Controlled Above-Bottom Pull

J-Tube Method from Platform

J-Lay from Barge

S-Curve with Collapsible Floats

Bundled Pipes

Directional Drilling (Horizontal Drilling)

Laying Under Ice

Protection of Pipelines: Burial and Covering with Rock

Support of Pipelines

Cryogenic Pipelines for LNG and LPG

PLASTIC AND COMPOSITE PIPELINES AND CABLES

Submarine Pipelines of Composite Materials and Plastics

Cable Laying

TOPSIDE INSTALLATION

General

Module Erection

Hookup

Giant Modules and Transfer of Complete Deck

Float-Over Deck Structures

REPAIRS TO MARINE STRUCTURES

General

Principles Governing Repairs

Repairs to Steel Structures

Repairs to Corroded Steel Members

Repairs to Concrete Structures

Repairs to Foundations

Fire Damage

Pipeline Repairs

STRENGTHENING EXISTING STRUCTURES

General

Strengthening of Offshore Platforms, Terminals, Members and Assemblies

Increasing Capacity of Existing Piles for Axial Loads

Increasing Lateral Capacity of Piles and Structures in Soil-Structure Interaction

Penetrations Through Concrete Walls

Seismic Retrofit

REMOVAL AND SALVAGE

Removal of Offshore Platforms

Removal of Piled Structures (Terminals, Trestles, Shallow-Water Platforms)

Removal of Pile-Supported Steel Platforms

Removal of Concrete Gravity: Base Offshore Platforms

New Developments in Salvage Techniques

Removal of Harbor Structures

Removal of Coastal Structures

CONSTRUCTIBILITY

General

Construction Stages for Offshore Structures

Principles of Constructibility

Facilities and Methods for Fabrication

Launching

Assembly and Jointing Afloat

Material Selection and Procedures

Construction Procedures

Access

Tolerances

Survey Control

Quality Control and Assurance

Safety

Control of Construction: Feedback and Modification

Contingency Planning

Manuals

On-Site Instruction Sheets

Risk and Reliability Evaluation

CONSTRUCTION IN THE DEEP SEA

General

Considerations and Phenomena for Deep-Sea Operations

Techniques for Deep-Sea Construction

Properties of Materials for the Deep Sea

Platforms in the Deep Sea: Compliant Structures

Tension-Leg Platforms (TLP's)

SPARS

Ship-Shaped FPSOs

Deep-Water Moorings

Construction Operations on the Deep Seafloor

Deep-Water Pipe Laying

Seafloor Well Completions

Deep-Water Bridge Piers

ARCTIC MARINE STRUCTURES

General

Sea Ice and Icebergs

Atmospheric Conditions

Arctic Seafloor and Geotechnics

Oceanographic

Ecological Considerations

Logistics and Operations

Earthwork in the Arctic Offshore

Ice Structures

Steel and Concrete Structures for the Arctic

Deployment of Structures in the Arctic

Installation at Site

Ice Condition Surveys and Ice Management

Durability

Constructibility

Pipeline Installation

Current Arctic Developments

REFERENCES

INDEX

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General