Contemporary Ergonomics 1996 is the proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Ergonomics Society at the University of Leicester, including research from many of the leading specialists in fields including consumer ergonomics, marine ergonomics and organization ergonomics.
Table of Contents
Donald Broadbent Memorial Address 1. Ergonomics in orbit Keynote Address 2. Pedestrians in the road environment Cognitive Quality in Advanced Crew Systems Concepts 3. A testpilot's perspective on advanced avionics 4. Cognitive compatibility: Advanced display concepts for future aircraft crewstations 5. Decision support and task nets 6. Cognitive compatibility: A conceptual framework for cognitive quality in advanced crew systems design 7. Cognitive quality in advanced crew systems concepts: The training of the aircrew-machine team Consumer Ergonomics 8. User involved design of a parking facility for bicycles 9. Displeasure and how to avoid it 10. Regional differences in capacities of the elderly, relevant to man-product interaction Hands and Holding 11. The measurement of skin friction 12. A contribution to the understanding of the role of digital pulp in hand grip performance Marine Ergonomics 13. Positioning electronic aids in small fishing vessels 14. Optimisation of the fuzzy helmsman model using a genetic algorithm Ergonomics Awareness 15. A European ergonomics network 16. Teaching user involved design in the Delft curriculum Organisational Ergonomics 17. Comparison of working situation in small scale enterprises in Sweden, Japan and Korea 18. Change processes in small wood companies 19. The sick building syndrome, stress, and perceived and desired personal control Anthropometry 20. Validity and usability of 3D anthropometric computer models in consumer safety uses 21. Anthropometric design of a size system for school furniture 22. Use of the ADAPS computer man-model by expert and novice users- a pilot study Alarms 23. Alternative means of personal identification for an alarm system 24. Warning label design: Trading off colour against font size 25. The design of psychologically appropriate auditory information signals Risk and Error 26. A human reliability assessment screening method for a Canadian reactor upgrade 27. Mapping knowledge utilisation by nuclear power plant operators in complex scenarios 28. Developing and validating ESCAPAID: A computer model of evacuation from complex spaces 29. Risks to forklift truck drivers in cold stores 30. Railway signals passed at danger: The prevention of human error 31. Contributory factors for outdoor falls in postal delivery employees Thermoregulation 32. Effectiveness of a neck cooling personal conditioning unit at reducing thermal strain during heat stress 33. Reducing runner's risk in sudden hot/humid weather: Wilson's hot weather heuristic 34. Heat stress in night-clubs 35. MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDERS 36. Potential musculoskeletal risk factors in electricity distribution linesmen tasks 37. Musculoskeletal disorders arising from the harvesting of palm oil fruit in Malaysia 38. Conflicts and harassment as risk factor for musculoskeletal shoulder problems The Ergonomics of Training 39. Individual differences in fault finding skill can be reliably predicted after all 40. Training for stressful environments: Implications for the Royal Navy 41. Expertise at X-ray film reading: The role of attention, and identification training 42. Helping learners get started: Designing a minimal manual for a telecoms terminal Task Analysis 43. The practical integration of task analysis into system development 44. Recent developments in hierarchical task analysis 45. Concurrent engineering and the supply chain, from an ergonomics perspective 46. Development of a human factors task database for human performance evaluation 47. Workload under complex task conditions Allocation of Functions 48. Future naval systems: The importance of task allocation 49. Balancing task allocation in teams 50. Real world constraints on the allocation of functions 51. KOMPASS: Complementary allocation of production tasks in sociotechnical systems 52. Towards a new method of task allocation: Preliminary findings Drivers and Driving 53. Whither RTI, wither road traffic signs? 54. New car displays and driver interaction assessment: A critique 55. Normal traffic flow usage of purpose built overtaking lanes: A technique for assessing need for highway four-laning 56. New measures of driving performance 57. The ergonomic design of a hand power/brake controller for a train cab 58. Assessing the determinants of driver risk: Utility vs.engineering Displays 59. A comparison of new pursuit displays and a conventional compensatory flight director display 60. The effect of ageing on detection of warning lights during impending collision 61. The display of Chinese characters on a small LCD 62. Towards specifying the design criteria for the visual front-end of tele-presence Medical Ergonomics 63. Minimising human error in the detection of breast cancer 64. Ergonomics of keyhole surgical instruments- Patient friendly, but surgeon unfriendly? 65. Depth perception and stereoscopic systems for minimally invasive surgery 66. Computers in the GP's surgery Manual Handling 67. Are gender-free physical selection criteria valid predictors of maximum box lifting? 68. Physiological evaluation of a shoveling task using a conventional and a twohandled shovel 69. Midwifery- Managing the manual handling risks 70. A preliminary evaluation of the Chinese wheelbarrow 71. Back pain in the nursing profession: Measurement problems and current research 72. Work induced professional diseases of the spine- development of a portable stress measuring system 73. Portable telemetry as a method of measuring energy cost during work in high level squash Usability 74. A human factors study of telephone developments and convergence 75. Usability evaluation in the far east: Cross cultural differences 76. Defining the user model to enhance personal reader systems for the blind 77. The potential use and measurement of alternative work stations in UK schools 78. Research in human factors desirability of a truly paperless control room at BNFL 79. Case study: Usability evaluation of the systems availability model 80. Usability testing of an interface for tele-activities Hci 81. The specification, assessment and acceptance of the human factors aspects of computer based systems 82. Cognitive mapping as a tool for requirements capture 83. Group differences in ability to use verbal route guidance and navigation instructions 84. STINGRAY: The development of an ergonomic keypad for use with computerised aptitude tests 85. The effects of workload on speaking: Implications for the design of speech recognition systems 86. Communicating with computers: Speech and pen-based input General Ergonomics 87. Memory patching after technical installation mishap: An opportunity for ergonomists? 88. ErgonomiX files- the truth is in there? 89. Managing human factors 90. Neural network investigation of posture and motion 91. Visual search as a function of field of view size 92. Non-prescription drugs in the workplace: Antihistamines 93. Variability in force at a hand-held joystick during exposure to fore-and-aft seat vibration 94. Ergonomic re-design of air traffic control for increased capacity and reduced stress Late Submissions 95. The crisis in European air traffic control: An assessment of controller workload modelling techniques