Conversion to On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation: Water and Wastewater Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Conversion to On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation

Water and Wastewater Applications, 1st Edition

By Leonard Casson, Jim Bess

CRC Press

224 pages | 2 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9781587160943
pub: 2002-12-17
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pub: 2019-09-28
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Description

Since the implementation of the USEPA Clean Air Act Risk Management Plan, many water treatment and wastewater treatment utilities have converted to on-site sodium hypochlorite generation. Conversion to On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation: Water and Wastewater Applications is a comprehensive text and design manual for on-site sodium hypochlorite generation systems. It covers all issues concerning the design, construction, operation, and maintenance of on-site sodium hypochlorite generation systems and their application for disinfection in water and wastewater treatment facilities.

The text includes a concise discussion of regulatory requirements for chlorination systems and supplies a comprehensive list of equipment and construction materials for both brine and seawater electrolysis systems. Conversion to On-Site Sodium Hypochlorite Generation will provide design engineers, operators, and utility administrators with the working knowledge of on-site sodium hypochlorite generation system design considerations and operational requirements needed to prepare and implement a Risk Management Plan.

Table of Contents

Introduction

Origins of sodium hypochlorite generation

Bleach

On-site generation of sodium hypochlorite

Dimensionally stable anodes

References

Federal regulations and pending regulations

USEPA clean air act risk management plan

USEPA office of pesticide programs

OSHA process safety management standard

Local and state regulations

Disinfection applications and alternatives

Chlorine gas

Bulk manufactured sodium hypochlorite

Ozone

Chlorine dioxide

References

Disinfection chemistry

Chlorine application chemistry

On-site sodium hypochlorite generation chemistry

Electrolyzer systems

Electrolyzer system types and principles of operation

Brine system: general description

Seawater system: general description

Electrolytic cells

Electrolysis systems

Materials of construction

DC power rectifiers

Control panel

Pressure and differential pressure equipment

Liquid flow equipment

Cell level and temperature

Water and brine instrumentation

Inlet seawater strainers

Brine system water softening

Temperature sensing equipment

Cell level and temperature

Tank level equipment

Salt storage-dissolver tanks

Product storage

Pump equipment

Pipe, valves, and fittings for electrolysis systems

Hydrogen handling practices

Brine system applications

Seawater system applications

Electrolysis system design considerations

Brine hypochlorite systems

Seawater hypochlorite systems

Economic evaluation principles for electrolysis systems

System installation

System operations

Electrolysis system installation, operation,

and maintenance

Brine systems: general commissioning procedure

Seawater systems: general commissioning procedure

System design and trouble analysis

System safety

Chemical safety

Electrical safety

First aid

Technical Standard Documents

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply