Corpus Linguistics for Education: A Guide for Research, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Corpus Linguistics for Education

A Guide for Research, 1st Edition

By Pascual Pérez-Paredes


256 pages | 42 B/W Illus.

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Corpus Linguistics for Education provides a practical and comprehensive introduction to the use of corpus research-methods in the field of education. Taking a hands-on approach to showcase the applications of corpora in the exploration of educationally relevant topics, this book:

• covers 18 key skills including corpus building, the role of frequency, different corpus methods, transcription and annotation;

• demonstrates the use of available corpora and desktop and online corpus analysis tools to conduct original analyses;

• features case studies and step-by-step guides within each chapter;

• emphasizes the use of interview data in research projects.

Corpus Linguistics for Education is an essential guide for students and researchers studying or conducting their own corpus-based research in education.

Table of Contents

List of figures

List of tables



Chapter 1. Introduction. Corpus linguistics and education research

    1. What is corpus linguistics?
    2. The role of corpus linguistics research methods in education research
    3. Understanding the role of frequency

1.3.1 Frequency in L1 learning and use

1.3.2 Frequency in public discourse

1.3.3 Frequency in texts or groups of texts

1.3.4 Skill 1: Why frequency matters

1.3.5 Skill box 1: Why frequency matters

1.3.6 How to interpret frequency

1.3.7 Skill box 2: How to interpret frequency


Chapter 2: Analysing text

2.1 Different approaches to text analysis

2.2 Text as register

2.2.1 Corpus linguistics and the analysis of register


Chapter 3: Corpus linguistics approaches to understanding language use

3.1 Understanding and researching language use: discovering patterns

3.1.1 Corpus linguistics outside linguistics?

3.1.2 Case study 1. Examining interviews: Qualitative versus CL methods

3.1.3 Case study 2. Examining policies: combining content analysis and corpus methods

3.1.4 Using an existing corpus

3.1.5 Skill box 5: Using an existing corpus

3.2 Reading concordance lines

3.2.1 How to read concordance lines?

3.2.2 Skill box 6: Reading concordance lines

3.3 Handling Frequencies

3.3.1 Corpus size and relative frequencies

3.3.2 Skill box 7: Handling frequencies

3.4 Collocations

3.4.1 Skill box 8: Understanding collocations


Chapter 4: Researching education policies: using your own corpus

4.1 Using your own corpus. Basic corpus design features

4.1.1 Designing corpora Corpus size and data collection

4.1.2 Skill box 9: Basic corpus design features

4.2 Comparison basics and significance testing

4.2.1 Comparison basics and Part of Speech (POS) Tagging

4.2.2 Skill box 10: Comparing two corpora

4.2.3 Skill box 11: Statistical tests

4.3 Reviewing skills 1-11

4.3.1 Chapter 1

4.3.2 Chapter 2

4.3.3 Chapter 3

4.3.4 Chapter 4


Chapter 5: Interview data: transcription and annotation

5.1 Transcription: So much more than a monotonous task

5.2 Transcription basics

5.2.1 Skill box 12: Transcribing your data

5.3 Adding structure and meta data to a corpus

5.3.1 Annotating a corpus using our own tags

5.3.2 Annotating a corpus using standard XML guidelines

5.3.3 Skill box 13: Using your own taxonomy


Chapter 6: Examining lexis. Analysing peace treaties and children´s literature

6.1 Examining lexis

6.2 Researching the lexicon: keywords

6.2.1 Introducing keyword analysis

6.2.2 Keyword analysis: a step-by-step guide

6.2.3 Skill box 14: Understanding keywords

6.3 Researching nouns and noun phrases

6.3.1 Exploring individual nouns

6.3.2 Exploring multiword units

6.3.3 Skill box 15: Researching nouns and noun phrases

6.4 Analysing children´s literature: the lexicon of fiction

6.4.1 Skill box 16: Looking at the lexicon of a corpus: N-Grams


Chapter 7: Analysing talk: Complex searches

7.1 Examining talk: a linguistic perspective

7.2 Complex searches

7.2.1 Living in a city

7.2.2 Understanding cultural differences

7.2.3 How is their family life impacted by work?

7.2.4 Skill box 17: Complex searches

7.3 Putting all together: Reviewing Skills 12-17

7.3.1 Chapter 5

7.3.2 Chapter 6

7.3.3 Chapter 7


Chapter 8: Conclusion

8.1 Skill 18: Remaining critical


About the Author

Pascual Pérez-Paredes is Professor in Linguistics & Applied Linguistics at the English Department, Universidad de Murcia. Full time Lecturer in Research in Second Language Education (2015-2019) at the University of Cambridge, UK. His main research interests are learner language variation, the use of corpora in language education and corpus-assisted discourse analysis. He has published research in journals such as CALL, Discourse & Society, English for Specific Purposes, Journal of Pragmatics, Language, Learning & Technology, System, ReCALL and the International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. He was the Overall Coordinator of the MEd Research Methods Strand at the Faculty of Education, University of Cambridge, from 2016 to 2019. Pascual Pérez-Paredes is an Assistant Editor of CUP ReCALL journal.

About the Series

Routledge Corpus Linguistics Guides

Routledge Corpus Linguistics Guides provide accessible and practical introductions to using corpus linguistic methods in key sub-fields within linguistics. Corpus linguistics is one of the most dynamic and rapidly developing areas in the field of language studies, and use of corpora is an important part of modern linguistic research. Books in this series provide the ideal guide for students and researchers using corpus data for research and study in a variety of subject areas.

This series was co-founded by Ronald Carter (1947-2018).

If you are interested in contributing to this series, please contact the Series Editors, Michael McCarthy and Anne O’Keeffe ([email protected]).

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General