Criminal Justice Theory: Explanations and Effects undertakes a systematic study of theories of the criminal justice system, which historically have received very little attention from scholars. This is a glaring omission given the risk of mass imprisonment, the increasing presence of police in inner-city communities, and the emergence of new policy initiatives aimed at improving the quality and effectiveness of the administration of justice. Fortunately, however, a number of disparate theoretical works have appeared that seek to provide insight into the nature and impact of criminal justice. Based on 13 original essays by influential scholars, this volume pulls together the most significant of these perspectives, thus creating a state-of-the-art assessment of contemporary criminal justice theory.
Criminal justice theory can be divided into two main categories. The first includes works that seek to explain the operation of the criminal justice system. Most of these contributions have grappled with the core reality of American criminal justice: its rising embrace of punitiveness and the growth of mass imprisonment. The second category focuses on works that identify theories that have often guided efforts to reduce crime. The issue here focuses mainly on the effects of certain theoretically guided criminal justice interventions. The current volume is thus organized into these two categories: explanations and effects.
The result is an innovative and comprehensive book that not only serves researchers by advancing scholarship but also is appropriate for advanced undergraduate or graduate classroom use.
Part I. Explanation
1. Foucault and the Power of Criminal Justice: Discipline and Punish Forty Years On
2. The Culture of Control Revisited
3. Governing Through Crime in Retrospect
4. Group Threat and Social Control: A Review of Theory and Research
Ted Chiricos, Justin T. Pickett, and Peter S. Lehmann
5. Theories of Mass Imprisonment
John F. Pfaff
6. Mass Probation Across the U.S.
Michelle S. Phelps
7. Race, Politics, and the Criminalizing of Juvenile Justice:
Changing Conceptions of Adolescents’ Competence and Culpability
Barry C. Feld
Part II. Effects
8. Coercive Mobility Theory in an Era of Declining Prison Populations
Todd R. Clear and Natasha A. Frost
9. Procedural Justice: In Theory and Practice
Amanda Graham, Travis C. Pratt, and Kyle McLean
10. Broken Windows, Hot Sports, and Focused Deterrence: The State and Impact of the "Big
Three" in Policing Innovations
Cory P. Haberman and Nathan W. Link
11. The Saints and the Roughnecks Revisited: Does Labeling Kids Create Criminals?
Francis T. Cullen, Cecilia Chouhy, and Cheryl Lero Jonson
12. Restorative Justice and Reintegrative Shaming
13. Rehabilitation and Redemption: Building a New Corrections
Francis T. Cullen, Heejin Lee, Leah C. Butler, and Angela J. Thielo